One of the most popular decorative breeds today are Yorkshire Terriers. Pet owners love these charming animals not only for their miniature size and original appearance, but also for their positive, extremely affectionate disposition. Wherever these shaggy dogs meet, they always cause delight and emotion.
Origin of the breed
The Yorkshire Terrier is a relatively young breed that was bred in Britain in the XIX century, their homeland is considered to be the counties of Yorkshire and Lancaster. Possible ancestors include Maltese lapdogs, sky Terriers, Manchester Terriers, waterside Terriers are most often mentioned — small dogs with a half-length coat of gray-blue color. These crumbs lived in peasant houses, protecting them from rodents.
When the era of industrialization began at the end of the eighteenth century, farmers began to leave for the big cities in search of work. They also took their Pets with them. For example, the Scots brought small miniature dogs, which later became known as Scotch Terriers.
After some time, such varieties of Terriers as Cairo, Skye, Paisley, Clydesdale appeared from the Scottish breed. The last two were never registered as independent, but they are considered by many breeders to be the progenitors of Yorkies.
Yorkshire Terriers were first listed in the stud book after being recognized by the kennel club. This happened in 1886, at the same time the first Yorkshire Terrier club was created.
The breed standard
True admirers of these wonderful dogs do not get tired of admiring their appearance and comparing them with extraterrestrial beings who arrived on earth from distant worlds. However, such an unusual appearance is nothing more than the hard work of breeders and specialists in dog care. The weight of a male should not exceed 3.1 kg, females are smaller. Height at the withers is not specified by the standard.
Description of the breed:
- The body is compact, the back is straight, and the neck is long.
- The limbs are smooth and well developed.
- The head is small, flattened on top, without roundness or convex parts.
- The muzzle is medium-sized, the nose and lips are black.
- Ears are erect, V-shaped. The tips are not visible because of the wool, they are located straight and parallel to each other.
- The jaws are strong, with a regular scissor bite.
- Her eyes are round and dark brown.
- The tail is set high, cropped to half, and richly covered with hair.
- The paws are round, miniature, the fingers are tightly gathered, the claws are black.
The main advantage of Yorkies — amazing wool. Long, soft and silky, shiny, evenly hanging on both sides of the coat occupies 97% of the body area.
The color of Yorkies can only be one — dark gray-blue from the nape to the tail. It should not have any impurities and shades. On the head and chest — a rich tan with a dark tone at the roots and lighter at the tips. There are other colors of wool, for example, Golden-black, Golden-blue, but they do not meet the standards.
Breed defects include:
- curly, coarse hair;
- light eyes;
- lack of teeth, malocclusion;
- the defect of the limbs;
- sagging back, presence of a hump.
Signs of disqualification are weight above 3.1 kg, non-erect ears, color that does not meet the standard, aggression or excessive timidity.
Health, typical diseases
Despite the external fragility, Yorkshire Terriers are long-lived. The average duration is 14 years, but with good care, a pet can last up to 16 years. Special attention should be paid to weight. Even with a slight increase, a serious load is created on the joints, limbs, internal organs and systems.
There are a number of genetic pathologies that pose an uncontrolled threat to the health of Yorks. More often than representatives of other breeds, Yorkshire Terriers suffer from diseases of the musculoskeletal system, which include:
- Ataxia. It affects all muscle groups and leads to a General weakening of the muscles and limbs, difficulties with breathing. There is no cure.
- Aseptic necrosis (Legg-calve-Perthes disease). The hip joint is affected. Symptoms: limp, pain when extending the limbs, muscle weakness. Treatment is prompt.
- Ruptures and sprains of the cruciate ligaments due to excess weight, physical exertion, as well as congenital pathologies. Treatment involves the use of a tight bandage, cast, splint, or surgery.
- Sprains, dislocations, broken limbs as a result of jumps and falls, even from a small height.
- Osteoarthritis (idiopathic, atrophic). The disease is a pathological change in the cartilage structure. It leads to the destruction of joints, accompanied by pain, lameness.
Often, Yorkies are diagnosed with hydrocephalus, which, with a pronounced form, leads to a change in the contours of the skull. The disease is fraught with blindness, loss of coordination, sudden respiratory arrest, but with timely treatment, a favorable prognosis is possible.
One of the weak points of the Yorks, a kind of Achilles ‘ heel — teeth. Delay in changing milk, a tendency to form plaque due to the specific composition of saliva — for Yorks, such phenomena are not uncommon. If you do not fix the problem in time, then violations in the digestive tract can not be avoided.
The eyes are also vulnerable. Veterinarians often diagnose Yorkies with epiphora (increased lacrimation), dry conjunctivitis, cataracts, atrophy, dysplasia, and cellular detachment. Some visual pathologies, if ignored, can lead to complete blindness, and a cure is unlikely.
Yorkies are prone to colds, so it is very important to protect Pets from drafts. Often, the result of an oversight of the owners is a severe form of otitis media.
Among “girls “diseases of the reproductive system are common — purulent endometritis (due to” empty ” leaks), eclampsia, weakness of labor. Yorkies give birth long and hard, so it is desirable that this process takes place under the supervision of specialists. Non-tribal bitches, as well as very small females are not allowed to breed.
The temper of Yorkshire Terriers is wonderful! They are curious and cheerful, energetic and cheerful. Showing good nature in everything, they infect others with their positive emotions. These kids are sincerely and tenderly attached to family members, which can not but cause a feeling of emotion. They know the boundaries of their territory perfectly well and, despite their mini-size, they will bravely protect it from strangers and other animals by barking desperately.
Like all Terriers, Yorkies are stubborn, persistent and tend to show independence. If they do not explain in time who is in charge of the house, they will not be slow to declare their leadership.
The undoubted advantage of Yorkies is their intelligence, which makes them easy to train.
How to choose a puppy
If you want to become the happy owner of a Yorkshire Terrier, be prepared to pay a tidy sum for a charming baby. Despite the fact that in Russia the cost of Yorkies is the lowest (this is due to the high demand and popularity of the breed), a puppy from titled parents will cost you 20000-25000 rubles. The price depends on many factors — breed qualities, gender, size. The smaller the baby, the more expensive it will cost.
You need to buy a Yorkshire Terrier in a kennel, where it will provide all the necessary documents (veterinary passport with the appropriate seals and marks, pedigrees, etc.), make the necessary vaccinations. A conscientious breeder always gives detailed recommendations for the care and feeding of the baby in writing.
In no case can you buy a dog on the market, no matter how attractive the price may seem to you, because in this case there is no guarantee that the dog is healthy.
You can take your baby out of the nursery when he is 3 months old. previously, this is not recommended, since it still feeds on its mother’s milk.
Choose an active, playful and good-natured puppy that is strong enough even with a small build. The presence of dandruff, dull hair, excessive thinness, peeling of the skin, curvature of the limbs, hump on the back indicate that the dog has health problems.
Yorkshire Terriers, or more precisely, their special exterior, require careful care, so before purchasing, think about whether you can devote a lot of time to it.
The fur of Yorkies is very capricious, it will be beautiful and attractive only if it is constantly combed. However, the presence of modern beauty salons for Pets makes this problem easier. The dog can make a stylish model haircut, thanks to which it will look like a real fashionista among its fellows.
Bathe your pet once every 7-10 days, using special soft shampoos. Balm-rinse will facilitate combing and give the coat a spectacular Shine. After the water treatment, it is advisable to dry the dog with a hair dryer so that it does not catch a cold, and then do beauty guidance. Comb the baby’s hair strictly in the direction of hair growth, lightly sprinkling it with a spray. If desired, the hair can be wound on curlers.
Eyes are rubbed daily, ears — 1 time a week. This should be done carefully so as not to injure the pet.
Special attention is paid to feeding. Yorkies, like all small breeds, have short intestines, so disorders of the digestive system are not uncommon. It is advisable to discuss the diet with the veterinarian, so that in the future the pet does not have health problems.
Protect the baby from cold and drafts, as Yorkies are pampered dogs that are constantly freezing.
Think through his wardrobe and do not take out for a walk in cool weather without appropriate clothing — overalls, blouses, shoes. Fortunately, modern manufacturers of pet products offer a wide range of stylish and comfortable things that make Pets warm and comfortable.
Pros and cons of the breed
Like any other breed, Yorkies have both advantages and disadvantages that need to be taken into account in order not to be disappointed later.
The advantages include:
- extremely attractive and funny appearance;
- cheerful and cheerful character;
- high intelligence;
- cleanliness (from an early age, breeders teach puppies to the tray);
- absence of molt and dog smell (very important qualities for Allergy sufferers).
Among the disadvantages:
- the high price;
- care, require a lot of time;
- need to buy winter clothing and shoes;
- fragility of the musculoskeletal system.
However, Yorkshire Terriers are so cute, funny and adorable that even significant disadvantages can’t stop people from buying them.