With the onset of autumn, many are drawn to enjoy the beauty of the forest. You can also take a four-legged friend with you, if you first take care of its safety. Simple recommendations will help you avoid the unpleasant consequences of a forest walk.
First aid kit
Before you go to the forest, collect a first aid kit. In case of a serious injury or wound, it will help the dog to survive until the visit to the veterinary clinic.
What should be in the first aid kit:
- antihistamine (dexamethasone, suprastin in ampoules);
- hydrogen peroxide for washing wounds;
- dressings (bandages);
- the patch;
- hemostatic tourniquet.
How to protect yourself from ticks
Autumn is the time of tick activity. These insects are dangerous because they carry many serious diseases. So a tick bite is fraught, for example, with encephalitis infection. When going to the forest, provide protection for the dog.
What will help with tick bites?
Repellents, in contrast to products that are designed to kill insects on the dog’s body, are less toxic. They are ideal for preventive treatment of the pet before visiting dangerous places, but they do not last long. Sprays are used strictly according to the instructions that are attached to each product. Their advantage is the ease of use, and unlike drops, the spray does not get inside the dog’s body. The disadvantages are the short-term effect, difficult handling of long-haired dogs, and the risk of an allergic reaction.
The service life of a special collar is limited. The model that protects against ticks will work for 2-3 weeks. Models for protection from fleas and midges last about six months. The collar can be used as additional protection along with sprays.
Protection from snakes
Venomous snakes are another threat to the dog in the forest. They won’t attack first, but the dog may want to play or just touch. Curious Pets are usually bitten by snakes on the nose or paws. If the dog whines and you notice two tooth wounds on its body, you need to make sure that the poison does not do its job.
Provide the dog with rest, so the poison will be absorbed more slowly. Treat the bite site with peroxide. Alcohol and especially alcohol can not be used! Provide the dog with plenty of water. As a first aid, you can take an antihistamine. It is ideal to immediately deliver the dog by car to the nearest veterinary clinic. There, the animal will be injected with a special serum. Taking it to the forest in case of a snake bite is impractical – due to violations of storage rules, the medicine will not give the desired effect. The serum is stored only in the refrigerator.
If the dog was bitten by a Viper:
- do not apply a tourniquet – otherwise there is a risk of gangrene;
- do not cauterize the poison – it is introduced to too great a depth;
- do not cut the bite site – you can bring infection to the wound;
- do not treat the wound with an alcohol – containing liquid-it will contribute to accelerated absorption of the poison.
So that the dog doesn’t get lost in the woods
A large open space can frighten even an adult dog. If you have a teenage puppy who is not used to the forest, then it is easy not to keep track of it. Having given in to fright, dogs are often lost in the forest thicket.
To get waII back to you, take action:
- put a tag with your contact information on the dog’s collar, preferably an iron one;
- if your budget allows, buy a GPS tracker and use it to track your pet’s location.
If the dog is still lost, then you need to look for it correctly. Do not run around the forest chaotically, so as not to confuse your pet. Stay where you are and call out loudly to the dog. Perhaps he will hear or find his way to you by smell. Wait as long as possible. If the wait is fruitless, then slowly walk back in your tracks. If it is no longer possible to wait for a lost pet, then leave your item in the forest so that the dog can wait for the owner. Come back as soon as you can and call the dog.
In villages that are close to the forest, you can get help. Prepare announcements about missing dogs for posting and personally talk to the locals.
Some breeds of dogs in the forest awaken the hunting instinct, and they fly headlong into the thicket. If the dog is busy hunting, it will not respond to the call of the owner. Don’t panic, don’t stop calling your pet. Soon he’ll get tired of hunting and come back.
Do I need a leash and a muzzle in the woods?
Walking in the woods seems safe, because there are no children or adults that the dog can frighten. If your dog clearly knows all the commands and unquestioningly executes them the first time, then you can do without “equipment”. Easily addicted dogs can run far behind the trees, if something attracts them, and pick up something dangerous from the ground, such as a poisonous mushroom. Therefore, it is better to keep such dogs on a leash near you or at least put on a muzzle.
Please note that the place where you are walking may be a hunting area or a nature reserve. A non-hunting dog must be kept on a leash. Otherwise, the Rangers may notice the dog without a master and consider it unsupervised. If they believe that the dog is a threat to the animals of the reserve, it will be captured.
When walking your dog in the woods, start with short walks – let them get used to the new place and smells. If you let your pet off the leash, always keep it in sight, and then the animal is not in danger.