Cat owners are well aware that their Pets are great lovers of sleep. They can be found slumbering peacefully in various places at any time. Scientists have calculated that the average cat is quite capable of sleeping up to 22 hours a day. But sleep is not always a sign of peace and well – being. In some situations, excessive sleepiness may indicate a disease, be a sign of a violation of the balance in the animal’s body.
Origin of a cat’s long sleep
Initially, cats are nocturnal animals. Such were their distant ancestors, such are the modern mustachioed-striped ones. This quality is especially familiar to residents of rural areas, private homes and suburban areas. Cats that live in full or partial freedom only come home to eat and sleep, preferring to travel or hunt at night.
Domestic cats, who live indoors all their lives, rarely roam the apartment at night, so they sleep much more than their more free counterparts. For those, a significant day’s sleep is simply necessary, as the body needs to recover and digest the prey.
How domestic fuzzies sleep so much and maintain the flexibility of the spine and joints, muscle elasticity with almost no physical activity – a mystery that has not yet succumbed to scientists
Normal sleep duration of the animal
Like human offspring, kittens sleep almost all the time, interrupting only for food. This is completely normal, because their body is still very weak.
In a dream, they grow and grow stronger. A little older cub already sleeps less, but still at least half a day.
An adult cat sleeps about the same amount or slightly less/more. It is impossible to give an exact figure, because all animals have a pronounced personality. Much depends on the character. Some cats are energetic, mobile, they play a lot, have fun. Others are inert, sluggish, prone to weight gain and much less mobile than their vigorous counterparts. Most of the time they just sleep.
There is a popular expression “sleeps like a cat, in half an eye.” This is a very apt remark. Unlike humans, who must sleep at least 7-8 hours in a row to restore energy, cats sleep in “short intervals”. On average, they just doze during the main time, without losing their alertness. As soon as the slightest rustle is heard, the cats immediately Wake up.
All sleep in cats is divided into two phases:
- Doze, shallow “slow” sleep – 20-30 minutes.
- Deep, “fast” sleep – 5-7 minutes. At this time the animals, like people, have dreams. Cat owners are well aware of this, as a sleeping pet can twitch its paws in its sleep, “run” and even meow. All this clearly indicates the presence of dreams.
Sleep duration can be affected by various external factors, such as severe fatigue, stress, or changes in temperature. Physiology also affects the duration of rest. Pregnant cats sleep much more – this is a need for the body experiencing increased loads.
Natural causes of prolonged sleep in cats
A healthy cat can sleep more in the following cases:
After a night of hunting, active play, or prolonged wakefulness, the animal needs to recover its strength and energy, so it sleeps much more than usual.
At high temperatures, it is necessary to save energy and water reserves in the body. This is well known to animals native to arid and hot places. The ancestors of cats originally lived in deserts, so they were able to maintain their strength in the heat and high dryness of the air. They slept during the day, but were more active at night, when there is no sun, and the temperature decreases significantly. Modern cats use genetic memory and prefer to take a NAP in the midday hours, so in the hot season they sleep more than usual.
Cold winter, rain, snow or low temperature of the air in the room
In this case, purrs also sleep a lot, saving heat and trying to spend less energy. Curled up in a tight ball in a dream, it is easier to maintain the balance of temperature in the body tissues. This method allows you to survive the cold and not freeze.
During gestation, the cat has to live for three, or even seven or eight. This is a load on the body, and the natural way to maintain strength is to sleep for a long time.
Use of a number of medications with sedative properties
They affect the nervous system and cause some of its inhibition, which leads to prolonged sleep duration. Drowsiness passes on its own as soon as the duration of the drug ends.
Surgery that was postponed
After surgery and anesthesia, the animal sleeps a lot for two reasons: pain due to the operation and the effects of the anesthesia. As you recover, the duration of sleep will decrease to the usual norm.
Vaccinations cause a response in the body that is somewhat similar to the disease. The animal feels weak and lethargic, so it sleeps a lot to recover.
Castration or sterilization
This is not only severe stress, but also hormonal changes in the body of a cat or cat. While rebuilding is underway, the pet may be sleepy and lethargic.
The older the cat, the longer its sleep lasts. This is due to the aging of all organs and tissues, lack of energy and unwillingness to move a lot, as in youth. The reason for the increased duration of sleep may be various sluggish chronic diseases that weaken the pet.
Recovery from illness
This is an energy-consuming and difficult period for the cat, so it takes a lot of rest and NAPs.
The reaction to it is first excitement of the nervous system, and then severe depression.
All these conditions are not accompanied by additional symptoms that give reason to believe that there are negative reasons for such a long sleep.
Pathological causes of too long sleep
If the cat sleeps unusually much, and it shows some alarming signs, owners should contact veterinarians. This may indicate a hidden disease.
Attention should be paid to the following additional symptoms:
- fever, fever;
- the animal seeks to hide, chooses a dark corner and a hard-to-reach place;
- lack of appetite;
- the rejection water;
- complete disregard for your favorite treats or toys;
- nausea, vomiting;
- digestive disorders;
- heavy, hoarse breathing, runny nose;
- festering eyes;
- paling of the tissues in the mouth cavity;
- trembling, unsteady, unsteady gait;
- meowing, including in your sleep;
- acute reaction to touch, up to aggression;
- matted, untidy fur.
These symptoms indicate that sleep is not an extended duration of rest, but an indicator of serious health problems. The pet must be urgently shown to the veterinarian, because the cause can be either an easily curable disease or an extremely life-threatening pathology.