Castration of a furry pet is a simple operation. Having decided on it, you agree to certain changes in his life. In particular, now the animal’s diet will have to be revised.
Why do you need a special diet after castration
Under the influence of sex hormones, cats behave actively, compete with their fellows, communicate with the opposite sex. After castration, physical activity decreases sharply, because now there is no need for them. Neutered cats change their character and behavior – they prefer lying on a cozy sofa to active hunting on the street. Outdoor games now interest them much less than sleep, and food becomes a source of pleasure. Changing the lifestyle to a passive one with a good appetite entails natural consequences in the form of excess weight.
Often the owners are only touched by how balanced and pleasantly plump their pet has become. However, excess weight does not bring any health benefits to the cat, on the contrary – the likelihood of obesity and the development of certain diseases increases. Intemperance in food causes diabetes, urolithiasis, diseases of the musculoskeletal system.
To maintain the cat’s health after castration, take care of its proper nutrition. The menu must meet all the requirements for the diet of such animals and meet the needs of their body.
Each owner of a neutered cat chooses whether to give dry food, or to feed natural food. Proceed from how the pet ate before castration. Please note that it is undesirable to change the cat’s usual diet, as it is not recommended to injure the digestive system with a combination of dry and natural food. But if you decide to change your diet, then do it gradually – start getting used to the changes a few weeks before the operation.
Selection of ready-made food
It is much more convenient to give industrial food to an animal – you do not need to spend effort on creating a balanced and delicious menu and cooking for your pet. Veterinarians set only one condition – the food must be of the highest class and must be specialized – for cats after castration. This food has the most balanced composition and caloric content, adapted to the characteristics and needs of Pets after castration.
Buy industrial food not in supermarkets, but in pet stores, giving preference to proven brands. Canned food from the mass market segment will only harm the animal. Only expensive high-quality products will provide a balanced diet.
When choosing ready-made food, carefully study the composition:
- the basis should be protein – 50-70%;
- it is important to avoid vegetable fats and heavy carbohydrates;
- calcium, magnesium and phosphorus – in minimal amounts;
- the volume of the mineral mixture is less than 7%.
When choosing, study the labels on the package. If there is a mark “Light” – this is a low-calorie cat food, it is suitable for Pets that are prone to obesity. The “Premium” label means that the food is of the highest class with a minimum of vegetable raw materials and a maximum of easily digestible proteins.
When giving your cat store-bought food, keep in mind that you can not store food in a bowl, so that it does not oxidize. What remains uneaten should be poured back out.
How to feed natural food
The neutered cat is still a predator, the main part of the diet of which is meat and offal – 70% of the total amount of food consumed. Any meat other than pork is given.
Meat is given in boiled form, raw for neutered cats is not recommended. Offal is also cooked. You need to give porridge with water or milk (buckwheat, oatmeal, millet, rice) and vegetables, so feel free to mix meat products with them. But let’s give fermented milk products (cottage cheese, kefir, ryazhenka) separately. Vegetables (carrots, cucumbers, squash, zucchini, broccoli or cauliflower, but not potatoes or beets!) give them raw or boiled, and cats are more likely to eat them in grated form. The meat is crushed or given in small pieces. Food is prepared without spices and served warm.
Soups in the cat’s diet is better not to enter. Replace them with liquid broth on meat or fish. It is good to breed porridge in the broth. A couple of times a week is given a boiled chicken egg, or raw quail. Once a week – a little sea fish in boiled form.
You can’t give it to a cat:
- fatty meats and fish;
- cow’s milk;
- sour cream, cheese and other high-fat dairy products;
- food from your table.
Make sure that there is always water next to the food. So the cat will not be able to forget that he needs to drink.
If the cat eats only natural food, consult a veterinarian – he may advise you to buy vitamin supplements.
Neutered Pets are prone to overeating, so control the portions and number of meals. Veterinarians recommend feeding the animal four times a day, giving a maximum of 300 grams per day. For cats older than seven years, the daily portion is reduced to 200-250 grams. One serving should not exceed 60-80 grams.
If you give ready-made food, then leave the daily portion in a bowl is advisable if the cat is not noticed in overeating. Otherwise, you risk getting an empty bowl during the day and the animal’s insistent requests for more food. Therefore, it is better to divide the daily allowance for all meals, give out one portion in each feeding.
If you feed with natural food, it is unacceptable to leave food in a bowl. Put it in the refrigerator until the next meal, and ideally cook it fresh each time.
A neutered cat requires attention – follow its diet and then the pet will be healthy.