Porridge is an integral part of a balanced dog diet. They are known for their nutritional value and contain macro – and microelements necessary for the smooth functioning of the body. How to properly include cereal dishes in the pet’s diet, we will consider in the article.
Place of porridge in the diet
If the owner has chosen a natural type of food for the animal, then the question will arise about filling the diet with the right food, that is, its balance in the presence of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. The latter are found in plant products (in particular, in cereals), they are necessary both as a source of energy and for metabolic processes in the body.
If we consider the products of the daily diet as a percentage, then porridge should occupy no more than 30%.
Important! Excessive carbohydrate content in the dog’s diet can lead to disastrous results.
Most often to such:
- Obesity. Energy needs are exceeded and the excess glucose (which is carbohydrates, processed in the digestive process) are deposited in the form of fat deposits.
- Allergic reactions. They arise from the malfunction of the liver. Excess glycogen (glucose in the animal’s body is stored in this form) accumulates due to the large amount of carbohydrates in the diet, which makes it difficult for the body to perform important functions for blood purification: the filter passes foreign substances that can cause an allergic reaction.
- Liver diseases, such as fatty degeneration. In this case, the cells of the organ are replaced by fat due to metabolic disorders.
Rules for cooking porridge
When cooking porridge, it is important to observe the proportions of water and cereals. You can also cook in broth, but then add oil to the prepared dish is not recommended, since excess fat is not useful for a pet.
In order for the cereal product to be fully absorbed by the dog’s body, the cooking time should take twice as long as for humans. Hence, the need for water (broth) will be increased, that is, 5:1. Cereals, as a rule, fall asleep in a boiling liquid. The readiness of the porridge is determined by its consistency: when it falls from the spoon in a lump, it is cooked, but if it drains, it must still be held on the stove.
To prepare a nutritious dish, you can use a mixture of cereals recommended for the diet of dogs.
Porridge used in dog food
If we consider the porridge in descending order from more to less useful, the list will look like this:
- Buckwheat. In addition to good absorption by the dog’s body, cereals contain protein, B vitamins, iron, magnesium and calcium. Due to the presence of complex carbohydrates, buckwheat provides long-term satiety, improves the functioning of the cardiovascular system and accelerates metabolism.
- Rice. It is recommended to include pre-washed unpolished, brown or brown rice in the animal’s diet. Cereals contain vitamins B, PP, E, as well as iron, phosphorus, zinc, calcium, and potassium. To avoid the formation of mucus at the end of cooking, turn off the stove and let the porridge brew. Rice is not recommended for continuous use due to its negative effect on the heart and lack of stimulation of gastric secretion. But you should not completely abandon it, since it absorbs and removes toxic substances during poisoning. When an animal is obese, rice helps to give a feeling of satiety for a long time with a low caloric content due to the presence of complex carbohydrates.
- A mixture of buckwheat and rice. These cereals can be combined. It is better to boil them separately and mix them together before use, adding meat and broth.
- A mixture of buckwheat and rice groats with a small amount (about a third or a quarter) of barley, oatmeal or millet. This combination is usually liked by Pets. It does not negatively affect the digestive tract, as in the case of eating oatmeal, barley or millet porridge as a main dish.
- Oatmeal. Known as “Hercules” are not suitable for feeding a dog as a main food. They are used as mineral top dressing, because cereals contain useful trace elements: potassium, phosphorus, calcium, sodium. Flakes are also suitable for dogs with a sick digestive tract, for example, with inflammation of the gastric mucosa. Hercules is known as a good scrub for the intestines. Preparation of porridge consists in steaming the flakes with hot broth and then keeping them wrapped up for a long time to preserve heat. The inclusion of oatmeal in the diet should not be frequent (no more than once a week) because of the high content of irritating dietary fiber in it, which can lead to a malfunction of the intestines.
- Barley. The cereal is produced by cleaning and crushing of grains of barley. And although it has vitamins (B, A, PP, E, D), it is not very suitable for dog nutrition. The minerals contained in the porridge are not absorbed by animals, the product is poorly digested and does not replenish energy reserves. You can include Yak in the pet’s menu, but only as an additional meal, not the main one.
Junk cereal for the nutrition of dogs
Despite the General usefulness of cereals, it is necessary to identify cereals that negatively affect the state of the digestive tract of the animal. Those that cannot be used as a full-fledged dish and the use of which should be restricted include:
- Millet. It is poorly absorbed, causes intestinal inversion.
- Corn. Provokes allergic reactions, poorly absorbed by the animal’s body.
- Semolina is a source of fast carbohydrates, used only when fattening puppies and according to the indications of the veterinarian based on the individual characteristics of the pet.
- Pearl barley is poorly absorbed by the dog’s body.
The use of porridge in the diet of a pet is mandatory, because with them it receives the necessary plant food, which contributes to the regulation of metabolism in the animal’s body.
An indicator of proper and balanced nutrition is a healthy and cheerful dog in optimal shape and with a constant body weight.