An important question before getting a dog is the possibility of its full – fledged walking and upbringing. What you need to take for a walk and what rules to adhere to will be discussed later in the article.
Important little things that you need to have on a walk
To make the walk comfortable in any situation on the street, you need to buy a pet:
- a collar or harness;
- the muzzle;
- bags and a dustpan or glove for collecting excrement.
On a walk, it is desirable to have:
- a bowl if you plan to feed the dog or give it water to drink;
- water, especially in hot weather;
- a treat to encourage team execution;
- toys (balls and others);
- projectiles for training (working out “Aport”).
What to do to make the walk useful
If in the first three or four months of the puppy’s life, walks are short-term in order to “do their business” on the street, then as they grow up, each walk should become longer and contain elements of play and training.
The owner’s actions should be clear and simple, and the walk should be prepared to follow simple but important rules:
The total walking time is at least 1.5 hours per day. If there is a lack of time in the morning, you can limit yourself to walking for physiological needs and a short jog for 15-20 minutes, an evening walk should take at least an hour of time, and the duration of the day’s exercise is determined depending on individual circumstances.
The choice of route. The route should become familiar and have several options: short, medium or long, depending on the length. The route is chosen by the owner: you can not follow the principle “where the leash will lead”. When you try to change the path, the dog responds and goes along the selected route. So gradually the animal will master and remember it.
Purpose of the walk. Depending on the route, the goals may alternate, but in any case, a walk is not only a pet’s physiology, but also a game, as well as learning, repeating and consolidating training and obedience skills. For example, during a short warm – up, the dog decides its own business and has time to run for a toy. The middle route gives the animal more freedom of movement and includes checking the pet for a quick response and other elements of obedience (“near”, “stand”, “to me”), depending on the situation on the street. A long route will be associated with training, where concentration, attention and working attitude of the pet are important.
The pet must move correctly: walking is a game. When walking aimlessly, the dog is looking for something to do – it is “interesting” waste, nearby bushes or a bone in the ground. To eliminate interest in “bad” items and the risk of infection, you need to control your attention and teach your pet to follow the walking rules. For example, when the owner stops, the pet must continue to move actively, but on command it must run after the toy or run in a circle around safe street objects. With an interesting and age-appropriate load of the pet, it will not have time to be distracted by dangerous activities.
Free movement without a leash. To walk a dog well, it needs to be able to actively move during the walk by unfastening it from the leash. the duration of this movement is at least 60% of the walking time. Such a condition for a full-fledged walk should be performed in a safe place and with mandatory responsible training of the pet in important and vital commands, first of all “stand” and “come to me”. If you have difficulties in raising your pet independently, you can use the training platform to learn and learn commands.
Joint games with other dogs. The best play partner for a pet is its owner. No need to rush to introduce the animal to other people’s dogs. Such contacts are undesirable not only because of a fight or a contagious disease, but also because of the weakening of interest in playing with the owner. Familiarity is possible when the dog is fully controlled and understands that the owner gives permission for games and their end.
Incentive treats. In the pocket of the owner should always be Goodies: the pet has fulfilled the command – earned a treat.
Walk in designated areas, sparsely populated areas. Depending on the territories located nearby, it is necessary to choose the most comfortable environment for an active walk with the dog. It is necessary to exclude being in a cramped yard, and even more so on the Playground. In case of an unexpected situation and the dog sends its needs to the Playground, you should immediately clean up after your pet. When visiting parks, you should pay attention to the presence of prohibiting signs for entering with animals. In public places, the dog must be on a leash and muzzled.
Always carry toys or equipment for training. To use the exit to the street with greater benefit, even for a short time, the owner should not forget to put a ball or other toy in the jacket for an active run of the pet.
Development of desirable behavior and working out the dog’s call to itself. To work out the execution of commands to automatism and avoid conflict situations on the street, the owner should periodically check the execution of commands, for example, call the dog to him and encourage him to quickly complete the command. This will help the pet to remember the owner and check whether he is following or not. Subsequently, this habit will be fixed in the run “Shuttle” – the dog then moves away, then approaches the owner, conducting an active walk. This training will help in dangerous situations where you need to immediately return the dog to the owner, or the need to take the animal on a leash when people approach.
To make walking fun, it is important to persistently and tactfully teach your pet simple commands from a puppy’s age, which will later facilitate mutual understanding between him and the owner and develop their contact.
A good walk gives a physical and emotional load for the dog and is not tedious, but interesting to the owner.