If you experience any symptoms of a pet’s disease, the main recommendation is not to self – medicate and contact a veterinary clinic as soon as possible. Specialists will conduct a professional examination of the animal, make the correct diagnosis and prescribe appropriate treatment. However, there are critical cases when the pet needs first aid. For first aid, each owner must have medicines and dressings at home.
Why do I need to have a veterinary first aid kit at home?
Unfortunately, no pet is immune from injury. Injuries to dogs, cats, and other animals are extremely common. There are a huge number of different types of injuries that four-legged friends can face. The nature of injuries is determined mainly by the living conditions and maintenance of a pet. For example, cats are often injured when falling from high buildings – balconies, roofs.
Rodents get damaged as a result of falls from home furniture. For dogs, injuries received during walks are more typical: cuts, bites, poisoning, and so on.
Depending on the nature of the injury, the animal shows various symptoms: bleeding, loss of consciousness, paralysis of the limbs, increased or stopped heartbeat and breathing, sudden bloating, and so on. In case of any of the injuries, qualified assistance will be provided by a veterinarian who has the appropriate knowledge and competencies. When the very first symptoms appear, you should contact your veterinarian as soon as possible.
However, there are emergency situations where even the smallest delay in providing medical care can have fatal consequences. Any pet owner should know the rules for providing emergency assistance to a pet and have a prepared home veterinary first aid kit that can save the life of a family pet at the right time.
Contents of the home first aid kit
The list of tools and medications that you need to have at home is determined by the main types of animal injuries.
There are five types of injuries:
- Chemical – formed as a result of exposure to the body of chemically active substances.
- Mechanical (open or closed) – one of the most common types – wounds, fractures, dislocations, bruises, etc.
- Physical – electric injuries, burns, frostbite.
- Biological – occur due to the influence of parasites on the body.
- Nervous (stressful) – are usually systemic in nature and do not need first aid.
Each type of injury has its own characteristics. The home medicine Cabinet must contain all the necessary list of materials and medicines to eliminate the consequences of any damage.
- Medical thermometer
- Eye dropper
- Douche bag
- Sterile cotton wool
- Sterile bandages of different sizes (wide, narrow)
- Tourniquet to stop heavy bleeding
- Elastic bandage in case of need of fixing of extremities at bruises and fractures.
- External use – solutions, ointments
- Internal use – tablets and solutions
List of medicines included in the home first aid kit
One of the mandatory components of the first aid kit. It is used for decontamination and cleaning of injured places and open wounds. When exposed to the wound, an abundant foam is formed, which contributes to the physical elimination of mucus and blood clots along with pus particles. In addition to the disinfecting effect, the substance also has a hemostatic property.
Available in both glass and plastic bottles. Sold in all pharmacies.
Another purpose of hydrogen peroxide is as an emetic. A three-percent solution is used in a dosage of one milliliter per kilogram of body weight. An emetic is used for acute poisoning, preferably within the first two to three hours from the moment of poisoning.
It should be remembered that in certain cases, the use of emetics is not allowed: the presence of convulsions in the animal, unconsciousness, lack of swallowing reflex, open bleeding of the lungs, and some others.
Iodine, 5% solution
Iodine, or iodine tincture – a brown alcoholic liquid that has a pronounced disinfecting and disinfecting effect.
This product has a shelf life of one year, after which it loses its preventive properties. It is used in veterinary medicine for injuries externally. Iodine tincture is used to treat the edges of the wound.
Potassium permanganate (potassium permanganate)
Potassium permanganate, more commonly known as potassium permanganate, is a water-soluble crystal of dark red and purple color. The powerful bactericidal properties of potassium permanganate are explained by its ability to oxidize organic substances with abundant release of active oxygen.
Manganese is actively used in veterinary medical practice. It is used as a decontaminating, antimicrobial and bactericidal agent. Saturated solution (five per cent composition) are used for the treatment of burns. Weakly concentrated solutions (one percent or less) are suitable for washing of injured eyes, douching, as well as in cases of poisoning.
Castor oil is a thick, colorless liquid. The main use is as a laxative, for obstruction or poisoning.
It has a specific, pronounced taste, so it is forced into the animal’s mouth. The dose is determined by the weight of the pet. For example, cats — 10-30 ml; dogs — 15-50 ml.
This drug is an excellent adsorbent and is widely used in veterinary practice. Due to the active absorption and neutralization of poisons, chemicals, and heavy metals, it is actively used for poisoning of various degrees of severity. It is also used for flatulence, diarrhea and acute diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
The dosage is determined depending on the weight.
The Throat (The Throat-Vet)
An ointment containing an antibiotic has an antimicrobial effect. The drug is active against more than twenty types of bacteria.
It is used for the purpose of decontamination and disinfection of wounds, acceleration of regeneration and restoration of damaged tissues.
Antispasmodic agent “No-Shpa” or Papaverine
In case of spasms (smooth muscles in diseases of the urinary tract, stomach or intestines), an antispasmodic is used.
The most popular drugs in this group are “No-shpa” or Papaverine.
To provide timely emergency assistance to a pet, it is desirable that the first-aid kit contains all the listed medications, dressings and tools. In critical situations, this can save the pet’s life.
However, it should be remembered that only a veterinarian can provide qualified, professional and full-fledged treatment. Self-treatment is possible only in emergency cases, when there is a serious threat to the life of a four-legged friend.