The dog is a predator, but it needs to be fed not only meat and cereals. In the diet, among other things, should be present vegetables, useful vitamins contained in them. Owners of four-legged Pets need to know how to cook vegetables, and what are allowed to give the dog. And remember that if the dog wants to eat something forbidden, you should not indulge him.
Why does a dog need vegetables?
Fresh vegetables are an excellent source of nutrients and are very useful for the dog. They will provide the body with the necessary fiber for the normal functioning of the gastrointestinal tract, improving the digestive process. Fiber is especially useful for older dogs. Thanks to the use of vegetables, the pet will have a thick and beautiful coat, high immunity, good eyesight and strong bones.
Vegetables are especially necessary for dogs of small breeds, they should make up half of the diet. And for large dogs, it will be enough for vegetables to account for up to a third of the food consumed. At least 5% of the diet should fall on root vegetables.
What vegetables to give the dog
The dog’s diet is allowed to include the following vegetables:
- carrots – rich in potassium, beta-carotene, useful for acute vision. Give raw, but it is better if you put out or boil and offer the dog along with cream, sour cream or vegetable oil, so that the beta-carotene is better absorbed. Giving your pet a carrot to chew means brushing its teeth in a natural way. It is useful for puppies to nibble this vegetable during the period of changing teeth;
- zucchini and zucchini – also rich in potassium and beta-carotene, calcium and folic acid, do not cause allergies. The dog is given it grated and mixed with wet food, raw or boiled;
- pumpkin – helps the digestive process, normalizes the acidity of gastric juice, regulates stool. It is appropriate to mix the pumpkin with wet food. Serve grated, baked or cooked. This vegetable will help avoid constipation in an elderly or pregnant dog;
- bell pepper – a storehouse of vitamins and minerals, useful for the nervous system, heart and blood vessels. It is best to give red peppers, they are more useful;
- cucumber is a dietary vegetable rich in potassium, magnesium, vitamins B and C, and fiber. With cucumbers, you should be careful not to cause upset stools in your pet. This vegetable can temporarily replace water if the dog has nothing to drink;
- cabbage is the most beneficial cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, or Beijing. Thanks to cabbage, the condition of the dog’s skin and coat will improve, and it is also a natural antioxidant;
- asparagus – rich in fiber, turns excrement green. Give it raw or steamed. In the diet of a pregnant dog or puppies, this vegetable should be limited.
- turnip – good for many vitamins and trace elements, well digested.
These vegetables are well digested and will be useful to the dog, but do not overfeed it. These products should be added to the pet’s food, and not an independent “dish”.
As for green leafy vegetables, give celery stalks in small quantities – it is especially useful if the pet has sore joints. Raw and cooked spinach is useful to eat to improve digestion and strengthen the immune system. Parsley and dill are also allowed for dogs, but pregnant bitches can’t eat parsley.
Tomatoes, eggplants, and beets are conditionally permitted vegetables. Veterinarians-nutritionists say that they are at risk – can cause allergies. They are especially dangerous for small breeds of dogs. It is not recommended to feed the dog potatoes (especially raw), give garlic and onions. No canned vegetables should be included in the menu.
How to give vegetables correctly
Before you start feeding your dog vegetables, start introducing them one at a time. Puppies are given bait as a puree – cucumber, carrot, pumpkin or grate products on a grater, grown-up dogs vegetables are cut into pieces. Pet at a respectable age, food is ground. If you do not have a puppy, and not an age – old dog, then just change the feed options- chop with a blender, chop finely or coarsely.
Give your dog only seasonal vegetables that are typical for your region of residence. You don’t have to do this every day. You can give them raw (cucumbers, carrots, asparagus) and heat-treated, so that the digestive system digests them better. It is enough to cook, put out or add food for 10-20 minutes without salt and spices, you can add a little vegetable oil. Cabbage can be given in the form of sauerkraut. For older dogs, vegetables can be baked. It is strictly forbidden to roast and cook on coals!
If the dog pleases you with good health and looks great – it means that you are feeding it correctly, and all the vegetables are suitable for it. Make sure that your pet’s diet is balanced.