If you decide to have a kitten as a pet, you should be aware that, in addition to great joy, it is also a huge responsibility.
A caring owner carefully monitors the health of his pet and takes all precautionary measures to ensure that the animal is as protected as possible from infection with various infections. As preventive methods of fighting infectious diseases are used:
- vaccination of animals;
- exclusion of contact with street cats;
- exclusion of an unvaccinated animal from the street;
- compliance with thorough hygiene of the premises.
Vaccination of cats is a method that gives a high percentage of guarantees that your animal will not get a serious disease, or, in the case of infection, the disease will proceed more easily and without complications.
When and how many times should cats be vaccinated?
Kittens of a vaccinated cat have innate immunity during the first 9-12 weeks of life, but then they are at increased risk, since their immune system is still immature. It is recommended to carry out the first vaccination of kittens at about 8 weeks, and repeated-in 3-4 weeks.
This schedule will allow you to overcome the reaction of maternal antibodies and develop your own immunity. After that, the kittens can be transferred to new families.
It is believed that the animal should be revaccinated annually. But veterinarians emphasize that this issue should be approached strictly individually. The same vaccine works differently on different animals. This depends on the age, General health, whether the cat has certain diseases.
All these factors affect the duration of protection, so after examining the animal, the specialist will give recommendations on the vaccination plan specifically for your pet. Rabies is the only disease that cats should be vaccinated against every year, regardless of any conditions.
Thus, the schedule of vaccinations for cats will look like this:
|The age at which the vaccine is given from:||The first vaccination||Revaccination||Re-vaccination|
||at 8-9 weeks||3-4 weeks after the first vaccination||on the recommendation of a veterinarian|
||12-13 weeks||every year|
The reasons why an animal that has been vaccinated may become infected with an infectious disease are as follows:
- violation of the vaccination schedule;
- presence of concomitant disease;
- use of certain medications;
- long-term stress;
- the presence of parasites.
All these factors reduce the immune system, as a result of which infection can occur, so it is especially important to take them into account and make vaccinations on schedule.
How to prepare for vaccination and what to vaccinate cats against?
Before vaccination, it is necessary to treat the cat from worms and fleas. After deworming and getting rid of ectoparasites in 10-14 days, you can go for vaccination.
Veterinarians do not recommend vaccination if:
- the kitten’s teeth change (at 4-6 months);
- the animal had a surgical operation less than 4 weeks ago;
- the cat is pregnant or nursing kittens;
- the animal’s immune system is weakened;
- mating is planned;
- the cat was in contact with a sick animal.
The most dangerous infections for cats are:
- calcivirus infection is very contagious and dangerous for young individuals, often leading to death;
- panleukopenia is a less contagious but very serious disease with a high percentage of animal mortality;
- herpesvirus rhinotracheitis is an infection that is severe and accompanied by serious complications;
- chlamydia is an infection that affects the cornea of the eyes, respiratory and reproductive organs, which can be transmitted from a cat to a human;
- rabies is a disease that leads to severe damage to the nervous system, often leading to death, and is very dangerous for humans.
Strains of these diseases are part of a multivalent vaccination: “Navibar”, Holland; “Purevax and Teligen” France.
If you use high-quality medications and follow the doctor’s recommended vaccination schedule, your fluffy purrs will be healthy and cheerful for many years to come!