Does your dog continuously scratch its ears, shake its head, while covering it with its paw and whining? Go to the vet immediately! Only he will be able to determine exactly what happened to the animal, how serious the disease is (if it exists at all) and how to deal with it.
The most typical case is an ear mite. This parasite affects the skin and auditory passages of the dog. It is useful to examine the pet and carefully remove the insect, if you can find it. But most likely you will not be able to do this: the parasite is too small.
A tick bite can cause pyroplasmosis. At the same time, there is an increase in the dog’s body temperature, lethargy (she does not want to walk; when she goes outside, the dog asks to go back home in just a few minutes), lack of appetite, and breathing becomes heavy.
The incubation period for pyroplasmosis lasts up to two to three weeks. Of course, there is no need to wait so long; it is better not to delay a visit to the veterinary clinic. Otherwise, piroplasmosis can develop into otodectosis (ear scabies).
Otodectosis and Otitis media
Usually, when a dog starts shaking its head and scratching its ears, the owners think that it has otitis media. Yes, this is also a fairly common canine disease. And when otodektoza happens that when something is not treated until the end of the otitis is resumed.
Ear scabies makes no difference in the breed, age, and sex of the dog. Unfortunately, there is no prevention. The disease is also dangerous because it is easily transmitted from animal to animal, and the host can act as a carrier. For example, if he communicates with a sick dog, and then pats a healthy one.
Without treatment, both otodectosis and otitis media can lead to an escalation of the inflammatory process, which first affects the ear, and then spreads to the animal’s brain. And if you are developing arachnoiditis or meningitis, it is not excluded deafness, and even death.
Perhaps it’s not so sad and increased ear scratching is caused by the fact that your dog was bitten by another animal and therefore there was an inflammation of the ear or neighboring areas. Take a closer look. Did you find a bite mark, a lump, a hematoma, or a rotten wound? And in this case, you can’t do without a veterinarian.
Another reason for severe itching, which sometimes forces the animal to brush its ears in the blood, trying to get rid of irritation, is a yeast or fungal infection. Its characteristic signs are an unpleasant sharp smell and red-brown discharge from the ear.
Ear itching is also caused by complications after a bacterial disease. A fairly common cause is allergies to unfamiliar food, as well as skin infections.
Or maybe, on a walk, grass seeds or stalks got into the dog’s ear. Then the dog will also shake his head all the time and tilt it towards the affected ear. And here you can’t always cope with the problem without a veterinarian; sometimes you need a small operation under local anesthesia or the use of sedative medications.
And quite unexpectedly, it may turn out that the dog is scratching his ears because of their shape. This happens to some of the Terriers, poodles, and other purebred dogs that have long, drooping ears. Constantly closed, they are poorly ventilated, and the hair growing abundantly inside the ear does not allow the animal to naturally get rid of sulfur secretions.
In this case, you will not need to go to the veterinary clinic. But you need to strengthen the care of the dog: do not allow tangles, for which you carefully comb the hair on the ears, cut off its excess from the inside; once a week, clean the dog’s ears with a piece of cotton wool soaked in a weak solution of hydrogen peroxide or other disinfectant. And thoroughly dry the animal’s ears after bathing.
If the problem is more significant, the veterinarian will prescribe a course of treatment. These can be drugs that kill ear mites, antibiotics, anti-allergic and other medications. In advanced cases, an urgent operation is inevitable. Do not risk the animal’s life, consult a doctor in time. Otherwise, the acute condition may become chronic or even lead to the death of the dog. By the way, an early visit to the veterinarian will help not only save the dog from suffering, but also save your money.
Yes, and be sure to tell your doctor if there is another dog or cat living in your house. They may have infected the patient!