Baby beavers-Yorkies appeared not so long ago, but they have already managed to conquer both professional breeders and ordinary dog breeders with their cute exterior, loyalty, spontaneity and bravery. Yes,these babies, despite their modest size, allowing them to compare with a kitten, are ready to protect their owner selflessly and courageously.
Origin of the breed
Thirty years ago, in the German city of hunsrück, breeders of beavers engaged in breeding Yorkies, found unusual puppies in one of their broods. From standard Yorkshire Terriers, the babies were distinguished by a brighter color.
The couple decided to work on strengthening and developing the new breed. A few years later, in 1988, they presented the canine community with tiny adorable dogs with elegant fur. The breed was named the beaver-Yorkshire Terrier.
Due to the huge demand for decorative breeds, small beavers immediately gained popularity all over the world. In 2007, the breed standard was adopted, but it is still being adjusted, since beavers are still at the stage of formation. Two years later, the breed, as one of the varieties of York, was registered by the Cynological Federation of the Russian Federation.
The breed standard
Visually, beavers resemble ordinary Yorkies, but they are smaller, and the fur, divided in the center of the back with an even parting, is brighter and more elegant. Baby beaver is a great model that you can dress up, braid his pigtails, decorate with accessories and carry everywhere with you.
The breed is characterized by the following indicators: the height of beavers — 22-27 centimeters, weight — 2-3. 1 kg. These parameters are not the main ones in the exhibition points, experts evaluate first of all the elegance of the physique and proportionality.
Description of the breed:
- The head of beavers is small, neat in shape, proportional to the body. The forehead is broad and flat. Stop vertical, sharp, creating a sharp bend in front of the lobe.
- Cheeks and cheekbones are thickly covered with hair.
- Lips tightened, the lower jaw is shorter than the line of the nose. From the outside, it seems that baby beaver is constantly smiling.
- The nose is broad, large, slightly protruding in front, black.
- Strong teeth, complete set. The bite is correct. The grip is weak.
- Eyes are small, round, moderately prominent, mostly dark. The eyelids are thick and black. The beavers have a sly, lively look.
- The ears of beavers are erect, wide and high set, small, triangular in shape. Densely covered with hair. Ear cartilage is elastic and thick.
- The case is rectangular in shape, close to a square.
- The neck is long and curved.
- The back is straight and straight.
- The chest is not wide, deep, lowered to the elbows.
- The limbs are straight, even, with harmoniously developed joints. The paws are well-formed, rounded, the fingers are curved, and the claws are short.
- The tail is set high and covered with hair. The tip reaches the hock joint. Cupping is not allowed by the standard.
Wool is a business card and a source of pride for beavers. The showy, soft and silky coat falls almost to the ground on both sides. No undercoat. The breed standard allows for several colors, but there is no preferred pattern, much more important is the symmetry of the color.
Beavers are always tricolored, their wool combines white, black, and Golden colors.
Health, typical diseases of the breed
Despite the external effeminacy and fragility, baby beavers are real centenarians. Representatives of the breed live on average 12-15 years, but there are cases when babies lived longer.
At the same time, they do not have any special health problems. Of course, life expectancy and well-being directly depend on the quality of food and good maintenance.
Among the most frequently diagnosed congenital and acquired diseases in the breed are the following:
- Pancreatitis is the result of improper feeding, mainly food from the master’s table.
- Obesity that develops against the background of lack of walking, reasonable physical activity and an unbalanced diet.
- Genetic vascular pathology that causes the dog to stop growing.
- Legg-Perthes disease — osteochondropathy of the femoral head.
- The collapse of the trachea, which consists in the deformation of the Airways. Often occurs against the background of excess weight, exerting pressure on the trachea and the entire bronchial tree.
- Hydrocephalus — dropsy of the brain.
- Hypoglycemia is a condition where the blood sugar level drops to a critically low level.
In addition, beavers often have problems such as gum sensitivity, early tooth decay, intolerance to anesthesia, and irritability of the mucous membrane if the long bangs are cut untimely.
Character of the beaver-Yorkshire Terrier breed
Beavers are sociable and cheerful, very affectionate and sociable. Nature has rewarded the breed with a balanced temperament and strong character. These dogs are ideal for seniors, people who need a companion, families with children. Beaver will make friends with all members of the family and become a universal favorite.
Beaver gets along well with children, but you should not leave the dog alone with the baby. The child may accidentally cause harm to the baby, for example, drop it, push it, or step on it. With other Pets, York also has no problems, especially if they appeared in the house at the same time and grow together.
Beaver needs human attention, tactile contact. They love to be picked up, looked at, and spoken to affectionately. However, they are sensitive to the mood of the owner and will not impose if they understand that he wants to be alone.
Loneliness is hard to bear, so you should not leave him alone for a long time. By the way, beaver will be a great companion and will be happy to accompany you on trips without causing trouble.
Beavers are smart, smart, and trainable. This is a decorative, not a service breed, so they do not need specialized training. However, their natural stubbornness and pampering can become a hindrance in learning. In order for the dog to grow up understanding and obedient, it is necessary to teach it to perform the simplest commands from an early age.
Dog handlers claim that the unsocialized beaver is the fruit of poor upbringing and indifference of the owners. If you approach training wisely, praise and encourage your pet with treats, it will be happy to please your loved one.
But on the occasion of the little sly go is not worth it. Noticing that the owner shows insufficient firmness, beaver will learn to deftly manipulate the person.
Content of the beaver-Yorkshire Terrier breed
Keeping beaver is quite troublesome. Every day you need to wipe his eyes with a cotton pad moistened with warm boiled water or pharmacy solution. To prevent Tartar, beaver’s teeth are cleaned every 3-4 days with a special paste.
A luxurious silky fur coat is combed daily, long bangs are collected in a ponytail so that it does not cause eye irritation. Beavers are sheared from the age of four months.
This is not only a necessary hygienic, but also an aesthetic procedure necessary for the breed. You can do it at home, but many owners prefer to entrust this process to professional hairdressers.
A dog participating in exhibitions needs grooming services.
Bathe a pet at least once every two months. For water treatments, you need to stock up on hypoallergenic shampoo and conditioner. After washing, the beaver coat will need to be thoroughly wiped with a towel and dried with a hair dryer, trying not to over-dry.
The beaver’s claws are carefully trimmed as they grow back.
Miniature size is not a reason to deny beaver walks. You should walk your dog daily. This is necessary not only for maintaining health, but also for socialization.
How to choose a beaver-Yorkshire Terrier puppy
The beaver-Yorkshire Terrier breed is not very common in our country, but there are kennels where these charming dogs are professionally bred in Russia. To avoid annoying failures in the form of buying a not too healthy or not purebred dog, it is advisable to contact the kennel.
A conscientious breeder will introduce you to the beaver’s parents, submit the necessary documents, and advise you on keeping, feeding, vaccination, and other issues.
You need to buy a puppy at the age of three months, not earlier. By this time, the necessary vaccinations have been made for him, and his temperament is manifested. It is more difficult for an older puppy to adapt to new conditions.
When choosing a baby beaver, you should pay attention to its behavior. They should be inquisitive, playful, and non-aggressive. Anger is unacceptable for the breed. No less important is its exterior, indicating a state of health — shiny coat, clean eyes, pink mouth.
Buying a beaver is not cheap. Prices for puppies start from $ 500. Moreover, the higher the class, the more expensive the baby will cost. The most expensive show class puppies. These are future Champions and perfect producers. The cost of such beavers sometimes exceeds $ 1,000.
Pros and cons of the beaver-Yorkshire Terrier breed
Like representatives of other breeds, beaver Yorkshire Terriers have both advantages and disadvantages.
The advantages of the breed include a spectacular exterior, good-natured and playful character, and a high life expectancy. They can easily transfer trips and will be happy to accompany the owner, which is sure to be appreciated by travel lovers.
The disadvantages of beaver Yorkshire Terriers can only be attributed to the high cost of the breed. Well, restlessness and a penchant for mischief are more than compensated by sincere affection for the owner and loyalty of baby beaver.