Many people have a feeling of pity, compassion for a stray kitten, a cat soaked in the rain and shivering from the cold. The big eyes of the animal were filled with longing, a plea to passers-by who could become owners, provide a warm, cozy shelter. Not everyone will agree to perform a feat, pick up a homeless pet, shelter it in their apartment, and provide proper care. But if you still decided to take such a responsible step, study the recommendations of experts on the correct adaptation of the animal. This will help protect the household and make the process of getting used to the new home more favorable for the cat.
Visit to the veterinarian and self – examination
It is necessary to show a specialist a kitten picked up on the street. The veterinarian will conduct an examination and determine the condition of the animal. If you suspect the presence of diseases, the doctor will perform additional tests. If necessary, they will select effective treatment and prescribe medications. In the environment of homeless animals is subject to a variety of diseases. Some of them are dangerous for humans. Professional examination will help to preserve the pet’s health and protect family members.
If it is not possible to contact a veterinarian at the first stage, it is necessary to arrange a quarantine for the new tenant. For 2-3 weeks, it should be placed in a room where there are no drafts, the optimal temperature is maintained, and it is necessary to carefully monitor the condition of the pet.
It is necessary to exclude its contact with other animals, if they are in the house. The cat must have a separate bowl, its own tray.
A kitten picked up on the street should be carefully examined. For a healthy pet:
- the skin is not damaged, there are no growths, there are no receding hairline;
- there is no redness on the eye mucosa, there is no lacrimation;
- there is no unpleasant smell from the ears, no excessive amount of sulfur;
- nose mirror in good condition, no runny nose.
You need to feel the legs, make sure that there are no fractures. You should also lightly feel the tummy. If there is damage to internal organs, the animal will feel pain and react accordingly. It is necessary to check the cat’s reaction to light and water. If she is afraid of these factors in a panic, there is aggression in her behavior, this may be a sign of rabies. Contact the veterinary clinic urgently.
Observation of the cat during quarantine
During the quarantine period, the kitten should be carefully monitored. Important indicators are appetite, consistency, color of feces. In feces and urine should not be third-party inclusions, impurities, blood, purulent discharge. You should pay attention to the mucous membranes of the eyes and mouth. They should have a light pink hue. The appearance of yellow, bluish color is the reason for the visit to the veterinarian. You need to go to a hospital if there is:
- lack of appetite;
- loss of Shine on the coat;
- depressed state;
- the increase in temperature.
If within two or three weeks there are no negative signs, then you can stop the quarantine, allow the kitten to move freely around the apartment, get acquainted with other Pets.
Washing and antiparasitic treatment
A stray animal has no chance of avoiding infection with parasites. The new tenant of the house must be rid of them. First you need to buy a kitten using a shampoo with acaricidal components. This tool will help to remove all the dirt from the fur and skin, and rid the pet of fleas. One procedure for controlling insects is not enough. After a couple of days, you need to treat fleas with special tools.
Another common parasite of stray cats are worms. A week after the anti-flea procedure, you should give your pet an angelmintic. It is advisable to use a drug that destroys all types of worms. If the state of health the cat is good, you can simultaneously perform a treatment for fleas and worms. After a week, the drug from worms should be given to the animal again. But you need to try to find out the age of the kitten. If he is not yet three months old, not all medications can be used in antiparasitic treatment.
Vaccinations for the selected pet
The cat needs to be vaccinated. It will provide protection from common diseases. The time of drug administration and dosage should be determined by the veterinarian. Please note that vaccinations are only given to healthy cats that have been treated for worms. You need to contact the veterinary clinic after the end of quarantine. Pets are vaccinated against:
Now, the use of integrated products containing the components to be vaccinated against all common diseases. 2 vaccinations are required at 4-week intervals. Vaccination against rabies is done every year. There are new drugs with a validity period of 3 years.
Proper feeding of your pet
Many cat owners prefer ready-made food. These products provide a balanced, high-quality nutrition. But if it is not a food of the budget category that contains harmful substances that lead to liver and kidney diseases. It is important to choose products that match the age of the animal. Owners who are not able to regularly purchase ready-made food “extra” class, it is better to feed the kitten with natural products, ensuring optimal intake of all necessary trace elements.
The desire to feed a hungry stray animal is understandable. But you need to understand that street life does not contribute to the proper process of digestion. Most likely, the system functions are broken. At first, the cat needs to be fed dietary food. Volumes should be reduced, overeating during the period of getting used to home food is unacceptable.
Proper feeding will allow the body to adapt to the new diet without stress, will avoid stool disorders, diarrhea, which can lead to dehydration.
Adaptation in the home
There are no unambiguous recommendations for the psychological adaptation of a cat, each animal is individual, has its own character, its own habits. It may take a lot of effort and patience for a pet who is used to a complex but free life to learn to feel comfortable in a confined space, to follow the rules of cat etiquette.
There are several expert tips that can help you adapt:
- during the quarantine period, the cat needs to be given a closed territory so that it does not have the desire to relieve itself anywhere in the house;
- the room should have a tray, bowls for food and water, a scratching post;
- when communicating with a cat, you need to show affection, talk calmly, and play with your pet;
- it is advisable to arrange a house for the animal at a height in which it can hide, feel safe;
- if the kitten is afraid, you do not need to get close to it, artificially speed up the Dating process.
Before you take a stray cat on the street, you need to adequately assess your capabilities, the threshold of patience. The animal should never be thrown out of the house again. Therefore, if there are doubts that you will be able to take good care of your pet, it is better to give up the idea of taking it into your home.
Hi, my name is Mike Fletcher. I am 36 years old and I’m a veterinarian at a veterinary clinic in Granby Colorado. And this is my blog about Pets. I hope I can answer your questions here.