A rash on the body of an animal is a symptom of a disease or disorder, the causes of which can be very different. However, pimples, combs, and even more sores with crusts will never go away on their own, and can cause serious complications. Therefore, the dog needs professional treatment, which can only be prescribed by an experienced veterinarian. Contacting a specialist if the disease is detected at an early stage will save your pet from suffering.
Causes of abdominal rash in a dog
Such signs are not always a symptom of a serious disease, but may indicate the presence of disorders in the body.
Most often, rashes and other skin defects appear in the following cases:
- Allergies. Unfortunately, animals are also subject to this “scourge” of the XXI century. Both external factors (aerosols, household chemicals, unsuitable means for washing the dog, etc.) and internal factors (food, medication, accidentally eaten plant) can provoke rashes. With an allergic reaction, the dog suffers not only from rashes, but also from severe itching. It is often the stomach and groin area that is affected, especially in puppies, because the skin is the thinnest, most delicate and sensitive.
- Ectoparasites (fleas, lice, hair-eaters, simple and scabies mites). All these creatures settle on the skin or under it, bite the animal or chew through painful passages. They provoke severe itching and pain. The dog actively combs the skin, especially on the stomach, where it is very tender.
- Diaper rash. As strange as it may sound, some dog breeds suffer from them in the same way as small children. In dogs, this is caused by sweating or getting moisture or dirt in the extensive skin folds, so the rash is more typical for such breeds as pugs, sharpei, mastiffs, bulldogs. Pimples can be located in any crease, but they spread especially strongly on the abdomen and in the genital area, the anus. The condition increases when the air temperature is high and the animal is overweight, if it is not well cared for.
- Skin diseases – dermatitis, eczema and others. They can be caused by external stimuli or internal pathologies, including nervous shocks. Sometimes sensitive dogs react with rashes to a change in diet, relocation, participation in exhibitions, and even the appearance of a new family member, whether it is a child, puppy, or other pet.
- Bacterial infections. They are more often secondary, joining the main disease. If the dog scratched too vigorously or otherwise damaged the skin on the stomach, infection can lead to suppuration, inflammation, and the formation of painful rough crusts. Increased itching and pain leads to further scratching, which further spreads the infection and worsens the disease.
- Fungus. Lichens and other types of fungal infections sometimes affect dogs. Young animals with weak immune systems, as well as old and chronically ill dogs, are more likely to suffer. Fungi are dangerous to humans and easily spread, especially if the animal is actively in contact with fellow animals or other Pets, family members. Lichen can “settle” on any part of the dog’s body, damaging not only the skin, but also causing focal or total baldness. This condition can leave rounded pinkish flaky spots on the body, noticeable on the belly, where the coat is light, short and sparse in most puppies.
Poor hygiene or, conversely, a maniacal desire for cleanliness of the pet can lead to deterioration of the condition of the coat, drying of the skin, the appearance of flakes and cracks. If you do not take action in time, the condition may worsen due to a secondary infection of a bacterial or fungal nature.
You can not wash the dog with drugs intended for humans, and even more so use household chemicals, “rough” alkaline soap. It is reckless to launch an animal in the hope that it will clean itself, especially if the dog lives in the yard or in inappropriate conditions. But washing more often than once a month is not useful, as it removes the lipid layer, leaving the skin and hair of the dog defenseless against external influences.
It is impossible to determine the nature of the disease by the appearance of rashes, so to get the right full-fledged treatment, a veterinarian’s diagnosis is necessary. He will conduct an examination, take samples that will indicate the causative agent of the disease. The prescribed treatment will be specialized and comprehensive, which means that it will help you quickly cope with the problem and avoid the development of complications.
First of all, it is necessary to eliminate the cause of the disease. If this is an Allergy, then you need to eliminate the allergen – unsuitable food, medicine, chemical, and so on. If there are parasites, you need to remove them, and then treat the rash, otherwise there will be no positive result.
If the dog suffers from dirt or diaper rash, then it must be washed with a special therapeutic shampoo, and the wounds treated with a disinfectant drying agent. With proper care, these symptoms disappear quickly.
It is much more difficult to cope with skin diseases caused by internal problems of the body. Hormonal and endocrine pathologies, improper digestion, and disorders of the nervous system can provoke rashes on the abdomen. Accurate diagnosis and comprehensive treatment will be required, including getting rid of the underlying disease and affecting damaged skin and hair.
When bacterial infection is prescribed ointments based on antibiotics, in severe conditions – taking drugs inside. It is forbidden to use “human” medications for dogs, since it is impossible to accurately calculate the safe dosage for a particular animal. You need to follow the advice of a veterinarian.
Treatment of fungal infection consists in isolating the animal from other Pets and children, and prescribing special antifungal and disinfectant medications. The dog is prescribed antihistamines to reduce itching, make sure that it does not comb.
The earlier comprehensive professional treatment is started, the lower the risk of complications and the transition of the disease to a prolonged, chronic course that weakens the PSA and is dangerous for its health.