Skin Ulcers in Dogs: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Erosion is a superficial damage to the upper layers of the skin. They are painful, cause considerable discomfort to animals, but with adequate treatment they quickly pass. Ulcers, unlike erosions, affect the deep layers of the dermis and require more careful care to avoid infection.

Causes of the disease

Erosive and ulcerative dermatoses that are not an independent pathology can occur for various reasons, including injuries and burns — the most common. Often, damage to the skin is formed as a result of the body’s reaction to medications.

Factors that provoke dermatosis include:

  • autoimmune diseases (vasculitis, pemphigus, etc.);
  • infectious diseases (Staphylococcus, sporotrichosis, dermatophytosis, etc.);
  • parasitic disease (sarcoptic mange, demodicosis);
  • hereditary and congenital pathologies;
  • metabolic disorders;
  • Oncology (mycosis, squamous cell carcinoma, etc.);
  • food disorders (food Allergy, lack of zinc in the body);
  • frostbite;
  • exposure to toxic chemicals;
  • insect and snake bites.

Sometimes the veterinarian, even despite the diagnostic studies, finds it difficult to identify the cause that contributes to the appearance of ulcers and erosions on the dog’s skin. In such cases, the diagnosis is “idiopathic disorder”.

What breeds are susceptible to

In some breeds, erosive and ulcerative dermatoses are diagnosed in some breeds of barks, Dobermans, Rottweilers, Irish setters, bulldogs, boxers, and great Danes. Representatives of these breeds have excessive formation of horn scales.

The main symptoms

The clinical picture depends on the cause of the pathology. The dog owner should be alerted to the following signs:

  • matted dull hair, alopecia;
  • focal inflammation of the dermis on the body;
  • lesions on pain points;
  • excessive dryness of the skin, scabs;
  • depigmentation;
  • wet wounds.

The dog’s behavior changes. It becomes sluggish, inactive, and does not respond adequately to external stimuli. The animal loses weight, because it either does not have, or its appetite decreases. In some cases, a decrease in body temperature is possible.

Diagnostics in the veterinary clinic

Dermatosis has many similar signs to other skin pathologies, such as allergies, so without a comprehensive diagnosis, the veterinarian will not be able to make an accurate diagnosis. A specialist will need to perform a full medical examination of the dog and compare them with the results of a blood test and skin biopsy.

Treatment method and prognosis

There is no single treatment regimen for erosive and ulcerative dermatitis. It is aimed at eliminating the cause of the disease. In each case, the veterinarian selects an individual system of therapy.

Treatment is carried out in a complex, mostly it is medication. In severe cases, such as cancer, you can not do without surgery.

It is advisable, especially at the initial stage, to use wound healing agents (ointments, talkers, creams, gels). They are intended for local treatment and have good antibacterial, anti-edematous, anti-inflammatory properties, promote epithelization and regeneration of damaged tissues. They have proven themselves well in this regard:

  • Quick help;
  • Vishnevsky’s ointment;
  • Solcoseril;
  • Levomekol;
  • Streptocide;
  • Sulfonamide;
  • Heparin ointment;
  • Miramistin;
  • the nitrate of silver.

For ulcers, special bandages are applied to the damaged skin. Veterinarians note the high efficiency of the unique dressing preparation Voskopran, impregnated with wax and therapeutic ointments. It has a wound-healing, analgesic, wound-protective effect and accelerates the healing process of purulent infected wounds and ulcers.

Possible complications

Erosions and ulcers do not heal on their own and periodically recur. If you do not start treatment in a timely manner, destructive and degenerative processes can occur in the structures of damaged tissues.

What to do at home

The owner of the dog must strictly follow all the instructions of the veterinarian. In any case, you can not self-medicate, it can worsen the situation. For example, some ointments contain alcohol or other components that cause pain and discomfort to the animal when applied to the skin.

Affected areas with erosions and ulcers should be kept clean. For their treatment, special products designed for sensitive skin are used.

Also, the dog is prescribed immunomodulators, drugs, enzyme preparations, vitamin and mineral complexes.

Prevention measures

Good care and balanced nutrition are the best preventive measures that prevent the development of erosions and ulcers on the dog’s skin. Regularly show your pet to the veterinarian and do not neglect vaccinations that will protect your pet from many ailments.