The benefits of milk and fermented milk products have long been proven. However, this applies to people, but in relation to our smaller brothers, everything is not so clear. Does the dog need milk? Veterinarians answer this question in the affirmative: Yes, it is necessary.
The body of animals that eat natural food needs useful substances, especially protein and calcium. Milk contains these elements. However, there are many nuances that should be considered in order to avoid undesirable consequences.
Milk for dogs: benefits and harms
Most of all, puppies need calcium and protein, since their body is growing rapidly, and these trace elements are involved in the formation of the musculoskeletal structure.
But as for whether an adult dog needs milk, opinions differ. The fact is that the composition of cow’s milk contains lactose (milk sugar). For processing, the body needs an enzyme contained in the intestines. Newborns absorb milk perfectly, due to the fact that they have an excess of lactase.
As the dog grows up (from 3-4 months) the content of the natural biocatalyst decreases and completely disappears. This is why the body of adult dogs has difficulty assimilating milk. This causes bowel disorders and diarrhea. Cow food can cause allergies.
Some adult dogs themselves refuse to drink milk, but if the pet remains addicted to it, then you should not refuse it. The main thing is to reduce the fat content so that the four-legged pet does not suffer from diarrhea. It is advisable to dilute the product with boiled water or replace it with goat’s milk, since the concentration of lactose in it is less.
You can also use soy, almond, coconut and lactose-free milk. The hydrolyzed product is sold in baby food stores and veterinary clinics. Whatever milk you use, do not give it more than 2-3 times a week.
What fermented milk products can be given to a dog
Despite the value of milk, veterinarians recommend replacing it with products that are no less useful, but safer for the body. Fermented milk products also contain lactose, but as a result of fermentation, it is broken down by bacteria.
The lactic acid released in the process contributes to the folding of casein, which, in turn, reduces the hypoallergenic products, unlike unfermented milk.
What kind of fermented milk products should be given to the dog?
First of all, kefir. It can be safely introduced into the diet even daily, regardless of the age of the pet. It not only contains protein and calcium, but is also very useful for the digestive system.
However, it should be taken into account that in some dogs, due to the characteristics of the body, peristalsis may increase and the intestines relax. In such cases, the use of kefir should be minimized or reduced its fat content.
No less useful is cottage cheese, which is considered to be a milk concentrate with a high content of calcium salts. In the diet of a four-legged pet, it should be included necessarily, preferably daily. Moreover, experts suggest replacing them with one meal.
The use of cottage cheese flavored with sour cream is necessary in order to prevent rickets, maintain muscle tone, and activate the digestive tract.
The ideal option is calcined cottage cheese, which is prepared at home. To do this, the product is mixed with lactate or calcium chloride.
Cheese is a favorite dog treat. However, manufacturers often add chemical components that are not useful for the dog’s body. Therefore, it is better to use cheese as a reward during training. The daily portion is no more than 150 grams, otherwise the animal will have an Allergy.