Rescue Dog Breeds: Character And Features

A dog is not only a person’s best friend, but also a great helper, security guard and lifeguard. There are special centers where service dogs are trained to find and protect people. Four-legged friends brilliantly cope with the tasks. This article shows the breeds that have proven themselves in the best way in rescue operations of varying complexity.

Water rescuers

The most common water rescue breeds include the following:

Labrador Retriever

On the island of Newfoundland, the story of Labrador begins. This breed was raised to help fishermen pull fishing nets out of the sea. The coat color of Labradors was black, so they were named after the black stone “labradorite”. In the 19th century, dogs were brought to the UK and crossed with curly-haired retrievers, resulting in the well-known breed of Labrador Retriever.

Dogs are quite large, the height at the withers can reach 60 cm, weight up to 40 kg. Temperament is playful, friendly and patient. Reliable four-legged companions are easy to learn and perfectly listen to the owner.

When training puppies, instructors try to build the training system more in a game format. During the training process, scenarios of various natural disasters are also played out. With a sharp mind, dogs can easily overcome all obstacles.

Labradors, participating in rescue operations on the water, swim at speeds up to 5 km/h. They also help find victims of floods, explosions, and earthquakes.


Like Labradors, “divers” lived on the island of Newfoundland, after which they were named. Good – natured big dogs helped fishermen in the sea-pulled nets, pulled people out of the water. Despite the fact that dogs “divers” to save people is an innate feeling, they still need some training.

Dogs of this breed are able to instantly analyze the situation and make important decisions. Many stories show that in extreme situations, Newfoundlands reacted quickly and saved their owners.

Character good-natured, bold. The height of the body reaches 70 cm at the withers, and the weight is more than 70 kg.
It is necessary to train such a breed with the help of affection and respect, since they are sensitive to harsh intonation and criticism.

Shaggy giants mostly take part in water rescue operations. Newfoundland is not too cold, and the coat they have has a high water-repellent properties. Due to the interesting structure of the ears, the webbing between the pads of the fingers on the paws, the third century, dogs of this breed are able to dive under water and travel long distances.

Noticing the first signs of a drowning person, the dog immediately jumps into the water.


The breed was bred in Germany and named after the city of Leonberg. The founder is considered to be Heinrich essig, he crossed several varieties of breeds and bred a large dog of silver-gray color with a black head.

The breed is characterized by endurance, excellent eyesight, sharp hearing, strength and ability to swim. In dangerous situations on the water, it instantly reacts and saves drowning people.
Parameters of the dog – height up to 80 cm, weight up to 75 kg.

Leonbergers are loyal, calm and intelligent animals that get along well with family and small children. They respond well to training and training. During the training process, you should be patient and not raise your voice to the dog.

Rescuers in the mountains

The best rescuers in the mountains are the following breeds:

St. Bernard

The history of this breed is very interesting. The Alps have the rugged Saint-Bernard pass, where temperatures drop below 30 degrees in winter and inclement weather prevails most of the time. The border between Italy and Switzerland passes through this pass. A lot of people in ancient times tried to pass this pass, but never got to the end point of their journey.

In the 15th century, the Saint Bernard shelter was built on this site, where travelers could stop and rest. In the 17th century, the monks began to use Alpine mastiffs to search for people, later they were called as pass – Saint Bernards.

Dogs grow tall, up to 70 cm and weigh about 91 kg. The character is loyal, hardy and fearless.

It is believed that four-legged helpers feel the approach of a cyclone in advance, 30-40 minutes before it starts, and have an impeccable nose. They can find the victim under a thick layer of snow or lost high in the mountains. The task of the Saint Bernard is to search for the missing person, dig it out, pull it out and warm it up.

German shepherd

In the 16th century, German shepherds were used to protect and protect homes. Dogs of this breed protected not only the property, but also the owners. Because of their keen sense of smell, shepherds were used to rescue victims of earthquakes in the mountains.

German shepherds are perfectly amenable to training, perform all commands and tasks. These dogs are suitable for active people with a strong character.


Height at the withers 65 cm, weight up to 40 kg. The balanced breed has a kind and docile disposition. Gets along well with both adults and children.

Belgian shepherd dog (Malinois)

Some believe that the Belgian shepherd is originally from France, but this is not the case. The breed was bred in Mechelen, Belgium. Doctor and veterinarian Adolf Ruhl, visiting an agricultural exhibition, decided to bring a new type of shepherd dogs. After six years of fruitful breeding work, Dr. Ruhl officially founded the Belgian shepherd club. And at the end of the 19th century, the canine community of Belgium recognized the standard of the Malinois breed.

Despite the average size, height at the withers 58 cm, weight up to 30 kg, Belgian shepherds are excellent rescuers in the mountains. A clever pet, possessing a keen sense of smell and intuition, finds and digs of the victims after the avalanche debris.

Malinois behave well during training and training, focus on the owner and perform all tasks.

Character energetic, friendly, affectionate, responsible. They protect not only their family, but also their home.

Many breeds of rescue dogs were bred for special service work, search and protection of people in extreme situations. Animals have intuition, a good nose and a bold character. If you choose one of the dog breeds described above, you will not be mistaken. A reliable and strong four-legged friend is ready to help in any situation.