Pets, most of them cats and dogs, require, in addition to affection and communication, constant care.
Responsible animal owners understand this and do everything to identify possible foci of diseases in a timely manner, because “little brothers”, unfortunately, can not complain about the problem, or rather, they can complain, but the owners do not understand.
A fairly common phenomenon is “red eyes”. Cats and dogs sometimes upset owners with partial or complete redness of the eye, and this problem can lie in wait for dogs and cats of various breeds.
Causes of occurrence
Long-haired breeds are prone to eye Problems, and this can be easily solved by timely and regular care: cutting the hair near the eye, removing tear tracks, etc.but “red eye” also appears as a symptom of serious ophthalmic diseases, which all breeds are susceptible to without exception. The animal may be injured during a walk, bring an infection to the eye while communicating with relatives.
Veterinarians distinguish the main diseases that lead to redness of the entire eye, as well as minor ones that occur much less often. There are also causes of local, small redness of parts of the eye.
Diseases that cause local redness:
- infections and injuries;
- of the tumor.
The whole eye turns red because of such diseases:
- anterior uveitis;
Less common are panophthalmitis and episcleritis. Of course, even the most competent and attentive pet owner is not able to determine the disease that caused the redness of the eye – this can only be done by a veterinarian.
Consequences of diseases
If an animal has conjunctivitis, you don’t have to worry about its vision. Much more dangerous is glaucoma, which leads to blindness and anterior uveitis, which causes corneal edema and other consequences that also negatively affect the state of vision.
It should be remembered that some eye diseases, as well as their treatment, are different in cats and dogs, this fully applies to conjunctivitis, so the treatment is different. In cats, the main causative agent of the disease is the herpes virus, in dogs – constant irritation of the eyelids or eyelashes.
Diagnosis and treatment
To study and identify signs of the disease, the veterinarian can use a slit lamp and an Ophthalmoscope, but for a more thorough examination, such examinations can be used:
- Painting the cornea with fluorescin. To detect damage.
- Tonometry. For pressure measurement.
- Seidel’s Test.
- Schirmer’s Test. Checking for lacrimation.
- Cytology, ultrasound of the eye. Checking the condition of intraocular structures.
- Cranial x-ray.
- CT and MRI of the head.
As well as the causes of the “red eye”, that is, a variety of diseases, and there are many ways to treat them, it all depends on the specific case. It may require a week-long course of eye drops to heal, and in other cases, surgery will be necessary. Sometimes you have to give your pet medication for life for treatment.
Occasionally, redness of the eyes indicates infectious diseases that threaten the life of animals, so identifying the root cause helps to stop the development of extremely serious ailments in time.
Cleanliness of the eyes of a dog or cat is a prerequisite for their health. Discharge from the corners should be removed with sticks soaked in special antibacterial lotions.
When bathing or processing wool with various preparations, it is necessary to protect the animal’s eyes, otherwise the mucous membrane and cornea can be very irritated. The hair above the eyes should be constantly shortened, as the hairs scratch the cornea and cause redness, especially in cats.
Animals with long hair should be monitored very carefully, once a week cutting their hair around the eyes and removing tear tracks. Attention to your pet is the main thing, because the disease detected in time is easier to treat and causes less pain and inconvenience to animals.