Saliva production in animals and humans is a natural process that helps digestion. But if it is produced in excess and literally flows out of the cat’s mouth, then this is a deviation from the norm, which is called ptialism or hypersalivation.
Pathology or part of the norm
Not in all situations, the saliva flowing from the cat’s mouth is a symptom of the disease. It is quite natural that its excess can appear with appropriate stimulation, for example, at the sight or smell of favorite food in a hungry animal.
There are also several other non-disease-related causes of drooling:
- Overly affectionate, loving cats adore their owners so much that they can not restrain their saliva from an excess of feelings. This happens only when the cat is caressed, especially when stroking the muzzle and neck. This action stimulates the salivary glands to actively produce fluid. This manifestation is completely safe, and few animals suffer from it.
- Excessive saliva production under stress. Usually, to remove it, the cat is licked, and the body helps with the abundant production of saliva. After the family pet calms down, everything stops.
- The same process begins with motion sickness. Cats don’t like to travel. They get seasick quickly, scream along the way,or lie in a carrier. To relieve nausea, the animal’s body enhances the work of the glands.
- Some medications with an unpleasant taste can also “start” the process of salivation. If the animal is already familiar with this procedure, it may react with flowing liquid from the mouth. Most often, the reaction is caused by bitter anthelmintic agents.
- The reason for the flow of drool may be a visit to the veterinarian, if the cat has already been there and experienced painful procedures. Starts the saliva discharge fear of premonition of discomfort.
All these cases do not require treatment, as they are associated with a certain stimulation-physical or psychological.
Conditions and diseases that cause increased saliva separation
There are the following types of pathologies in which the cat saliva flows:
- Food poisoning;
- Intoxication (household chemicals, insecticides, medicines, overdose of insect repellents for animals, etc.);
- Allergic reaction;
- Toxic animal or insect eaten;
- Bite of a poisonous insect (hornet, wasp, bee);
- Heat, sunstroke;
- Skull injury, concussion;
- Diseases of the digestive tract, accompanied by nausea;
- Chronic kidney failure;
- Impaired liver function;
- General intoxication of the body due to extensive inflammatory process;
- False rabies;
- Pathology of the structure and functioning of the salivary glands;
- Cyst on them or inflammation;
- Foreign body in the oral cavity;
- Dental problems;
- Oncological diseases, especially oral tumors, metastases, and leukemia;
- Upper respiratory tract infections;
- Heart attack.
The cause of salivation may be a congenital pathology of the mouth, teeth, or glands. Since there are many provoking factors, it is necessary to identify what exactly was the reason for the release of saliva. Most serious diseases have additional symptoms that allow you to determine the main cause.
It is important not to self-medicate, as such manifestations can be triggered by extremely serious and dangerous diseases. Only a veterinarian can prescribe therapy after a complete examination of the animal.
In case of pathological saliva separation, it is necessary to eliminate the cause – bad teeth, infection, foreign object in the mouth, internal diseases, etc. It is necessary to rule out rabies, tetanus, and botulism.
Before the examination at the veterinary clinic, the owner of the animal will be asked about the conditions of detention, nutrition, vaccinations performed, the origin of the pet and its health, diseases that have occurred, and additional symptoms. This is important information that helps in making the correct diagnosis, so you need to answer in detail and truthfully.
The cat will be prescribed blood, urine and fecal tests, x-ray examinations and ultrasound, as well as other procedures to identify potential pathogens. If a tumor is suspected, a tissue biopsy may be taken.
The choice of means and methods of treatment, as well as the appointment of medications is entirely up to the veterinarian. In case of minor problems or after the violation is corrected, for example, when a foreign object is removed or rotten teeth are removed, the animal is treated on an outpatient basis. Doctors prescribe drugs in such doses that are precisely designed for a particular cat, so it is unacceptable to change them or choose another medicine.
Following the instructions, at home, the owner will quickly put in order the health of his pet, and also take care that problems do not appear in the future. From the care of the owners and their care depends on the well – being and duration of full life of the cat-a charming and affectionate animal.