Skin diseases occur not only in humans, but also in Pets. So, one of the most common infectious pathologies of the skin is pyoderma, which gives our four-legged Pets serious discomfort.
Causes of the disease
There are many factors that provoke the development of pyoderma. Most often, the fault lies with the owner, who does not provide his pet with proper care. If you do not cut the animal, do not comb the hair, neglect water procedures, then with a high probability it will be diagnosed with pyoderma.
However, lack of hygiene is not the only reason. The disease can develop due to weakened immunity and injury to the skin (piercing and cutting wounds, chemical and thermal burns), thyroid disorders, hypersensitivity of the dermis. Puppies often have impetigo (puppy pyoderma).
The mechanism of development is as follows: the infection enters the body through small wounds, after which the bacteria (staphylococci, streptococci, pneumococci, Pseudomonas aeruginosa) begin to multiply actively. A favorable environment for their life is created by high humidity, helminthiasis, fungal infection and other factors. Bacteria mainly accumulate on the tail, chest, between the fingers, on the neck and in the groin.
Which breeds are more susceptible
Pyoderma, which is expressed in purulent lesions of the skin, can develop in any dog, regardless of age and gender. But most often it occurs in representatives of such breeds as boxers, bulldogs, Chow Chow, Mastino neopolitano, bullmastiffs.
These animals have sagging skin, which accumulates saliva, urine, dust and dirt in the folds.
The main symptoms
Veterinarians distinguish between two forms of pyoderma — deep and superficial. The first variety, which develops as a result of infection with Staphylococcus, is characterized by damage to cells that are located in the deep layers of fat.
In the second form, the upper layer of cells and hair follicles are affected.
The clinical picture of pyoderma is pronounced, so it is not difficult to distinguish it even at an early stage. Common signs of the disease:
- redness and inflammation of the skin;
- rash, blisters;
- behavior changes (lethargy, low activity, apathy).
Symptoms may vary depending on the form of the disease. So, with superficial pyoderma, diagnosed even in puppies, minor seals appear on the skin.
Subsequently, when they go into a deep form, they begin to fester, in addition, there are redness, sores, blisters. In the absence of treatment on the uncovered hair of the skin form scabs. Very often the temperature rises.
Important: it is forbidden to bathe a dog with pyoderma! A humid environment contributes to the rapid spread of microbes and deterioration of the General condition. Affected areas of the dermis begin to rot and spread a disgusting smell.
Diagnostics in the veterinary clinic
It is difficult to diagnose the disease, since symptoms may indicate not only pyoderma, but also other skin diseases (plague, demodecosis, dermatomycosis, etc.). in addition to visual examination of the dog, the veterinarian will need to conduct a biochemical blood test, studies of purulent discharge, seeding from blood scrapings, allergic tests.
Bakposev is performed to determine the type of microorganisms that caused pyoderma, as well as their sensitivity to antibiotics. The procedure for the animal is unpleasant, but it must be done. The result will be known in a few days.
Treatment method and prognosis
Treatment of pyoderma is a long process that requires both the owner and the pet considerable endurance and patience. If the infection has penetrated deep into the skin, it will not be easy to cure the animal.
Before starting therapy, hair is removed from the affected areas of the epidermis, after which they are worked out with Zelenka or epacid.
Treatment is aimed at eliminating the provoking factors and is carried out in several stages.
- destruction of bacteria;
- strengthening the immune system;
- elimination of ulcers;
- itching relief;
- the healing of wounds.
The therapy is based on the use of antibiotics. The veterinarian, when prescribing a particular drug to fight bacteria, takes into account not only the result of bakposev, but also the condition of the animal, age, and chronic diseases.
Well-established medication Baytril that is accepted by the scheme. The dosage is set based on the weight of the animal. In any case, you can not arbitrarily interrupt the course of treatment, otherwise a relapse can not be avoided.
For wound healing and treatment of skin rashes, an Aluspray is used, the action of which is to neutralize bacteria. Local treatment involves the use of streptomycin ointments, Vaginal, as well as injections Maxidone with the addition of the Lidocaine or Novocaine.
Therapy of deep pyoderma requires the use of resorption drugs, which include chlorophyllipt.
To clean the liver, Carsil is prescribed, to remove toxins and maintain the heart — Riboxin and Cocorboxylase (administered via a dropper).
With timely treatment of pyoderma, specialists give a favorable prognosis.
What to do at home
In no case should you self-medicate. Folk methods based on the use of medicinal herbs can only worsen the condition of the dog.
The owner will need to make adjustments to the content of the pet, provide it with good care. Walks should not be canceled, but they should be less long and calm. Physical activity should be excluded for the duration of treatment.
When caring for a pet, you need to use gloves, as pyoderma can be transmitted to people through purulent exudate.
Food should be dietary, dry food and especially food from your table should be excluded. It is advisable to feed a recovering dog porridge with lean meat or liver.
To increase immunity, special vitamin complexes are used, which are prescribed by a veterinarian. Shown drugs such as Cytosol, vitreous body, etc.
Transferred pyoderma leaves scars and scars on the body of the animal. In addition, there is a sharp decrease in immunity and regular relapses. At the slightest suspicion of pyoderma, you should immediately contact a veterinary clinic.
Any disease is easier to prevent than to treat. So that your dog will never face such an unpleasant disease as pyoderma, it needs to provide a full-fledged diet, enriched with necessary substances, high-quality hygienic care using a special shampoo.
To avoid infection, limit your pet from contact with stray dogs. Strengthen your pet’s immune system and prevent the development of chronic diseases.