Any cat disease causes a lot of concern for the owner, requires time and funds for treatment. Timely vaccination can prevent the vast majority of diseases. In preventive vaccinations, modern veterinarians use biological drugs that do not pose a danger to a four-legged pet. Every cat owner has questions about whether there is an exact time frame for vaccinations, whether the procedure is mandatory, and what kind of vaccinations each animal needs. In this article, you will find the necessary information.
For General information about vaccinations for cats
According to the mechanism of impact, vaccinations for cats and humans are identical. The drugs contain weakened pathogens in small, non-dangerous doses. Their introduction stimulates the production of antibodies that can destroy pathogens. As a result, when bacteria and viruses enter, the body can easily cope with them, the disease either does not develop at all, or passes in a weak form without complications.
Average dates for preventive vaccinations are available. But each animal is individual. Before vaccination, a mandatory procedure is an examination to determine whether it can be carried out. If the animal has parasites, the cat must be rid of them before the vaccine is administered. During the examination, the veterinarian checks for fleas, lice, ticks, and feces for the presence of helminths.
You can prepare your pet for the upcoming vaccination, 2 times with a break of 10 days to give drugs from worms, pick up fleas, remove ticks.
Do not think that a domestic cat, deprived of walking on the street, communicating with other animals, does not need preventive vaccinations. Pathogens of dangerous diseases can be found in food, water, air, enter the house on shoes, clothing.
Major cat vaccinations
In the Arsenal of veterinary specialists there are preventive remedies for the most common diseases caused by viruses and bacteria. Cats are vaccinated against:
- infectious peritonitis,
For the most part, preventive vaccinations use drugs that contain several active components. This allows you to simultaneously perform vaccination against 3-4 diseases. A rabies vaccination is added to the complex remedy. Therefore, every year the pet is given 2 injections. Now in the assortment of veterinarians there are drugs for rabies with a validity period of 3 years. There are special vaccines against fleas and ticks.
The timing of vaccinations
Immunity of newborn kittens, protection from pathogens is provided by mother’s milk. Preventive vaccinations for babies under the age of 10 weeks are made only in extreme cases, when there is a real risk of the disease. An individual vaccination scheme for a kitten up to a year is developed by a doctor. It focuses on the data of vaccinations made to the cat, the well-being of the area for infectious diseases. If the mother was fully vaccinated, there is no increased risk of diseases:
- in 10-12 weeks put complex vaccinated against rhinotracheitis, panleukopenia, calicivirus;
- at 12 weeks, the kitten is vaccinated against rabies;
- after 3-4 weeks, repeated vaccination is carried out;
- a healthy adult pet is vaccinated once a year.
At the request of the owner, the first vaccine package includes prevention of chlamydia. If there is an epidemic of ringworm in the area, there is a risk of infection, in 8, 10 months the cat needs to be vaccinated. From infectious peritonitis, you can vaccinate a pet at 16-20 weeks.
Popular drugs for vaccination
The market now has domestic and imported effective drugs for cat vaccinations. Each tool has its own advantages. It is important to know that the drug must have a certificate of veterinary supervision. If it is a foreign product, it must be accompanied by instructions in Russian. Products that are not approved for use in Russia cannot be used in vaccination.
The most popular drugs are produced by the well-known company “Intervet” from the Netherlands. The vaccines use the Nobivac series:
Tricat is a live three-component vaccine. It forms a protection against virus infections in dogs. The difference between Forcat is the presence of the fourth active ingredient, which creates immunity against chlamydia. Vaccination is carried out twice, the interval between vaccinations is 21-28 days. You can start vaccination at the age of 8 weeks. The drug NobivacRabies refers to rabies remedies. Its validity period is 3 years. The vaccination is done for the first time at the age of 3 months.
Complex effective preventive medicine Multifel-4 is produced by the domestic company Narvak. This vaccine prevents the development of kalitsiviroza, panleukopenia, rhinotracheitis, chlamydia. Vaccination is done twice with a break of 3-4 weeks. At the age of one year, revaccination is performed.
In the assortment of the French manufacturer Merial 2 drugs from the Quadricat series. Inaktivirovannoj tool Coniferin forms a protection from herpes, and calicivirus. To prevent panleukopenia and rabies is possible by the introduction of a live vaccine of Raiffa of Felinia. The advantage of French remedies is the ability to mix both drugs, make 1 injection. Moreover, a secondary vaccination is not required, a revaccination is performed per year.
A live mycoderm Vaccine is used against ringworm infection. High efficiency different product from dermatomikozov of Poliak-TM. The product is produced by the domestic company Narvak.
Contraindications to vaccinations
Cat owners should be aware of contraindications to preventive vaccinations. The introduction of a small dose of viruses, bacteria for a healthy pet is safe. But a weakened animal that does not have a strong immune system can develop the disease. It is impossible to carry out vaccination if:
- less than 3 weeks have passed since the surgery;
- less than 2 weeks have passed since the course of antibiotics;
- there was contact with a sick animal, the incubation period did not pass;
- there are signs of malaise, reduced activity, lost appetite;
- the cat is pregnant, feeding kittens.
Before preventive vaccination, the pet must be examined by a doctor. It is advisable for cat owners to have a veterinary passport that contains information about diseases and vaccinations.
You can not use drugs that do not have labels or products that do not have certificates for preventive vaccinations. The vials must be sealed and opened no later than 2 hours before the injection.
Owners of cats should take into account that an animal that does not have data on mandatory vaccinations will not be allowed to participate in exhibitions. The lack of veterinary information will create serious obstacles if you need to travel abroad with your pet.