Polyps are not always a sign of cancer. In a third of cases, neoplasms in the bladder do not pose a danger to the dog. But without appropriate treatment, they seriously worsen the pet’s condition.
Causes of the disease
Scientists do not yet fully understand the processes associated with the development of tumors in the body. And the reasons for the appearance of polyps are also not yet clear. But the most likely stimulus is considered to be exposure to carcinogenic substances contained in dog urine.
Also, a strong inflammatory process that affects the cells of internal organs can provoke oncological pathology.
Which breeds are more susceptible
Due to the fact that female dogs urinate less often, they are more likely to develop polyps. This is especially true:
- Scottish shepherd dogs (collie);
- Scotch Terriers;
- West highland white Terriers;
- Fox Terriers.
According to statistics from veterinary clinics, cancer on average develops in dogs after 10 years of life.
The main symptoms
Small benign polyps usually do not cause specific symptoms. The owners learn about their existence by accident during the examination. But large tumors in the area of the urethra are the cause:
- The appearance of blood impurities in the urine. It is released during the formation of polyps of a tubular structure or as a result of a strong inflammatory process of the surrounding tissues.
- Reducing the volume or stopping urination. This symptom develops if the polyp partially or completely covers the urethra.
- Pollakiuria. In this case, the dog often releases the bladder from the liquid. At the same time, the volume of urine does not decrease.
Concomitant inflammatory processes lead to an increase in body temperature, anxiety or apathy of the pet, refusal to eat.
Diagnostics in the veterinary clinic
Symptoms characteristic of bladder cancer are non-specific. Similar manifestations occur for a variety of reasons. Therefore, a full examination will be performed at the veterinary clinic:
- The analysis of urine. It helps not only to determine whether the cause of symptoms is the activity of bacteria. Also, based on the results, the doctor will be able to prescribe suitable antibiotics if necessary. During cytological examination, in a third of cases, a specialist can detect tumor cells in the urine and make a preliminary diagnosis.
- X-ray. The polyps will not be visible in the image. But the veterinarian will find out if there are stones in the bladder, which also cause the dog to feel ill.
- Sedimentary cystography. A contrast agent is inserted into the bladder through a catheter and the organ is filled with oxygen. Then a picture is taken where you can see stones that are not displayed on the x-ray, and tumors.
- Ultrasound is one of the cheapest and easiest ways to see the presence of growths in the bladder. Also with the help of ultrasound is possible to control the sampling of tissue for biopsy for further diagnosis.
- The cystoscopy. A video camera on a thin tube helps to literally see the state of tissues and make a sample of polyps cells for research.
Not all clinics are equipped with a full set of necessary equipment. Therefore, it is likely that you will have to visit different specialists to clarify the diagnosis.
Treatment method and prognosis
Small benign formations doctors try not to touch to extend the life of the pet. But if necessary, one of the treatment regimens is implemented, including:
- partial or complete removal of the bladder;
- use of a catheter that removes urine through the abdominal wall, into the intestines or uterus.
Depending on the condition of the dog and the method of treatment used, the pet will live from 3 months to a year.
What to do at home
Polyps can’t be treated at home. All you can do is follow the doctor’s instructions, give medicines on time and carefully monitor the dog’s condition in order to return to the veterinary clinic in a timely manner.
A polyp, as a benign formation, can only lead to an overlap of the urethra and hydronephrosis. Also, tumors lead to secondary infection. If a dog develops cancer, the specifics of complications will dictate which organs will be affected by metastases.
While scientists can determine the causes of the development of tumors in dogs, it is impossible to offer effective preventive measures. All that the owner can do for the pet is to be regularly examined in the veterinary clinic.