The German shorthaired pointer is a versatile hunting breed, a loyal friend and trusted companion. It has gained an excellent reputation due to its extraordinary endurance, excellent hunting instinct and, of course, elegant and graceful exterior.
Origin of the breed
The breed is “German shorthaired pointer” was bred artificially and intended for hunting. The name translates as “naked wool”. The formation of the breed lasted for more than one century, but now breeding work is underway to improve it in the direction related to hunting conditions.
You can often hear kurtzhaars called German cops or short-haired pointers, in fact, this is one breed that is valued by dog breeders-hunters for a stable psyche and balanced character.
Theories of the origin kurtshaar, several. According to some sources, their ancestors are short — haired cops, according to others — Asian and Mediterranean dogs.
Exterior kurtshaar reflects their hunting purpose. The breed is characterized by thin legs, strong, powerful chest, developed muscles and a masking coat color with a dense structure. Kurzhaar — large dogs. Height at the withers reaches 66 centimeters, weight — up to 30 kilograms.
Hunting with them will be successful, as kurtshaars have activity and rare physical qualities — they swim in icy water, bravely endure frosts and make a stand for game and small animals.
Description of the breed:
- The head is elongated, the skull is broad, and the forehead is convex. The muzzle is strong, with powerful jaws. The teeth fit snugly together.
- The nose is turned up or down, with a slight hump. The nostrils are open and mobile.
- Eyes are brown or light yellow, expressive. Eyelids are tight.
- Ears high-ranking, drooping.
- The case is square in shape and proportional. The stomach is retracted, the back is straight. The neck is long and muscular.
- Limbs strong, strong.
- The tail is docked at 1/3 or half, thick at the base, thinning to the tip. In the process of hunting, it moves rhythmically, while at rest it is lowered.
- The paws are rounded, the fingers are tightly clenched, and the claws are strong.
- The coat is thick, coarse, and visually resembles a brush. The neck is thin and soft.
- The skin fits snugly to the body, does not gather in folds and wrinkles.
The color varies from coffee to black. On the wool cover there may be spots that resemble coffee beans.
Health, typical diseases
Kurzhaar considered a healthy breed, as for crossing were selected the best and most strong individuals. However, like other dogs, they may have a number of inherited diseases associated with genetic abnormalities. Congenital pathologies in representatives of the breed are rare and, if detected at the initial stage, are successfully cured.
Among the most common diseases in the first place in kurzhaars — hip dysplasia. Pathology is expressed in the wrong development of cartilage tissue and manifests itself before the dog reaches the age of two years. An active dog begins to limp, ceases to be interested in walking and lies most of the time. Dysplasia is difficult to treat, but some success can be achieved. Progressive disease leads to immobility of the animal.
More often than representatives of other breeds, kurzhaars are diagnosed with Willebrand’s disease, which is associated with poor blood clotting. Prolonged bleeding is fraught with serious consequences, up to death. Pathology is typical for young dogs under the age of 1 year. Veterinarians, as a rule, do not give positive forecasts.
The list of kurzhaars ‘ genetic diseases continues with progressive retinal atrophy. The disease manifests itself in the first two years of life. Lack of treatment leads to complete loss of vision.
Like all large dogs, kurtzhaars can suffer from stomach inversion. This is a dangerous condition that requires immediate surgery. At risk — dogs with excess weight, which the owners can not provide a full range.
Kurzhaar can be attributed to centenarians. The average life expectancy of representatives of this breed is 14-16 years, with good care they may well last up to 18.
Shorthaired pointer has a rare courage and endurance and ready to perform any task master. He is not only an excellent hunter, but also an excellent watchman, reliably guarding the entrusted territory.
Representatives of this breed are attached to all family members and become depressed when separated from them. They love children, are non-aggressive, good-natured, despite the fact that their character is very firm. Among other hunting dogs, the kurchtsaar is probably the noisiest, so from an early age it should understand when it is possible to bark and when it is not.
If there are other Pets in the house, kurtzhaar gets along well with them, but you need to remember that he is primarily a hunter, which means that small animals will always be of interest to him.
Dogs are endowed with high intelligence, so there are no problems with training. However, like all hunting dogs, they can show a tendency to dominate. They will only listen to a person with a strong-willed and firm character, who will be able to explain to them who is the boss in the house. Pampering your pet is not recommended, as it quickly identifies those people who can not be obeyed.
In the absence of proper physical activity and sufficient socialization, the kurtzhaar grows unmanageable, aggressive or timid, which is unacceptable for a hunting dog.
They are clean, smart and quick-witted. Kurtzhaars are very active, so it is better to keep them in a private house, where they will have enough space to maintain a good physical shape.
How to choose a pet
Shorthaired pointer is a rare breed, so can be bought only in specialized nurseries. The cost of a puppy is high and does not tend to decrease — from 200 to 800 dollars (depending on the pedigree, health status, color, etc.).
When choosing, you should pay attention not only to the exterior, but also to the floor. Males are more suitable for hunting, as they are more stubborn, strong and hardy. Bitches are better trained, but during periods of heat and schennosti unsuitable for work. The puppy must be active, healthy and not show signs of aggression.
Kurzhaar — undemanding and hardy dogs, so care not to cause trouble. Periodically they need to be combed, during molting (3 times a year) this should be done more often. They are taught to comb from childhood, as this disciplines dogs. In water procedures with the use of shampoo is not necessary, it is much more useful to swim in open water — it will strengthen the dog physically.
Representatives of this breed are suitable for any climate, they can live outside until the first frost. However, in conditions of heavy physical exertion, humidity, and low temperature, dogs need a good litter and a warm booth. After bathing in a cold pond, the pet must be thoroughly wiped and covered.
Kurzhaar need long paddock, so you need to calculate the forces for their content. Ideally, these dogs are suitable for active people who will be happy to spend time in the company of a four-legged friend.
Do not forget about regular ear cleaning, vaccination against fleas and ticks, and a full-fledged balanced diet. In order for the dog to be strong and hardy, the diet should consist of half of meat food.
Pros and cons
Like any other breed, kurzhaars, in addition to numerous advantages, have disadvantages that need to be taken into account.
Among the advantages:
- Excellent character, affection for all family members.
- Lack of aggression.
- High intelligence.
- Excellent hunting and guard qualities.
- Simplicity of maintenance.
- Aesthetic exterior.
- Good health.
There are two disadvantages. First of all, price — the purchase Kurzhaar not everyone will afford. The second drawback is that hard-working and energetic shorthaired pointer requires a lot of attention, communication and training. This breed should not be started by pensioners, families with small children and stay-at-home people.
Hi, my name is Mike Fletcher. I am 36 years old and a veterinarian at a veterinary clinic in Granby Colorado. And this is my blog about Pets. I hope I can answer your questions here.