Pekingese — decorative funny dogs, great companions and loyal friends. The breed is very popular all over the world, but not everyone knows that 2000 years ago the Pekingese was a sacred dog of the emperors.
Origin of the breed
Pekingese are among the oldest breeds. Their homeland is Ancient China, where they were kept at the Imperial court and were inaccessible to ordinary people. No one but the monarch could own a dog, and anyone who stole it was liable to the death penalty. It was believed that the Pekingese protected the Royal person in the afterlife, which is why the Emperor was buried with his pet.
An ancient Chinese legend says that the king of animals fell in love with a monkey and married it. Their cubs inherited the proud and brave character of their father and the funny appearance of their mother. Perhaps that’s why Pekingese are called little lions.
The name comes from the English word “Pekingese”, which means “Pekingese”, but the Chinese continue to call shaggy dogs Fu.
Pekingese were introduced to Europe in 1860, when the British invaded China. Several purebred individuals brought as trophies were presented as a gift to Queen Victoria and her entourage.
In 1898, Pekingese were brought to America. There was also the first exhibition, which was attended by representatives of this breed. Since that time, small long-haired charmers have become very popular. But in China, by that time, there were almost no Pekingese left, and later they were imported to their historical homeland from European countries.
The first breed standard was adopted in 1898, and in 1904-the first club of Pekingese lovers.
The breed standard
The business card of the Pekingese is the original exterior combined with a Regal gait. These are small, proportionally folded dogs weighing from 2.5 to 5.5 kilograms. Height at the withers does not exceed 25 centimeters.
Description of appearance:
- The head is large and broad. The skull is moderately flat. Eyelids, lips, nose are pigmented, black, forming a mask. A V-shaped fold extends from the cheekbones to the nasal fold.
- Muzzle is short. The jaws are strong.
- The eyes are round, large, and shiny. The color must be dark.
- The nose is large, not too short, with a flat lobe. The nostrils open. Snub-nosed profile.
- Heart-shaped ears that hang down. Densely covered with hair.
- The neck is thick, short, and powerful.
- The thorax is broad and the ribs are convex.
- The back is straight.
- The limbs are shortened and strong.
- Tail set high, fluffy, lying on the back.
The pride of the Pekingese is a luxurious coat with a plentiful dense undercoat. In the neck and shoulder area, it forms a thick mane, which makes dogs look like lions. On the hind legs, the coat is also elongated.
As for colors, red is considered traditional. The standard allows white, gray, spotted, sand, and black wool colors.
Health, typical diseases
Pekingese can be called the record holders for life expectancy. If the dog is properly cared for, follow the vaccination schedule and conduct preventive examinations, it can safely live up to 22 years.
However, the presence of good health does not mean that Pekingese can not have a genetic predisposition to diseases caused by hereditary characteristics of the breed. Hereditary and congenital pathologies of representatives of this breed are represented, first of all, by ophthalmological diseases.
Due to the special structure of the skull, due to which the eyeballs are planted shallowly, the Pekingese’s organ of vision is most vulnerable. Their bulging eyes are poorly protected from negative environmental factors, which means injuries.
To diseases the eyes of the Pekingese are:
- cataract — changes in the structure and opacity of the lens;
- abnormal growth of eyelashes, distichous;
- lacrimal duct atresia, lens displacement;
- retinal atrophy;
- ulcerative keratitis;
- inversion and inversion of the lower eyelid;
- kerato-conjunctivitis, keratitis;
- loss of the eyeball.
The structure of the skull provokes diseases of the respiratory organs. The air inhaled through the shortened nasal canal does not have the ability to cool down in the hot season and warm up in the cold. A disturbed heat regulation system leads to bronchitis, tracheitis, laryngitis, and heat stroke.
If the owner notices symptoms such as heavy inhalation or exhalation, noisy, too frequent or rare breathing, he should immediately take the dog to a veterinary clinic.
In addition, Pekingese are diagnosed with:
- dermatitis, especially in the folds of the muzzle;
- hemolytic anemia (as a result of violation of autoimmune processes);
- hypothyroidism (dysfunction of the thyroid gland);
- damage to the joints;
- inguinal and umbilical hernias.
And finally, it should be noted that Pekingese are susceptible to cardiovascular diseases.
Remembering its Royal origin, the Pekingese expects to be groomed, pampered and cherished. However, it can hardly be called a pampered and fragile dog — this little dog is as brave as a lion. He is ready to protect his master, and the size of the enemy is not important to him.
The Pekingese has a balanced temperament, but will never tolerate being treated with disdain or given little attention to his person. The baby should always be in the center of events.
A Pekingese puppy has no equal in mischief. He loves all kinds of games, and if you do not engage with him, then left to himself, he will be naughty and mischievous. In more adult age, playfulness is replaced by phlegm. He treats children neutrally: he does not show aggression, but also does not feel passionate love.
Pekingese are independent, independent animals with a developed sense of self — esteem. Cunning, stubborn, arrogant and prone to dominance, training is perceived without much enthusiasm. However, they are too smart and intelligent to ignore the master’s commands. They are attached to all family members and do not tolerate loneliness.
How to choose a puppy
If you want to buy a purebred animal with a pedigree, contact the kennel or a well-established breeder. You must have a contract of sale, puppy metrics, and information about vaccinations. A conscientious breeder should inform you about the puppy’s parents.
From the entire litter, choose the most active and friendly baby. He should be healthy, have a well-groomed fluffy fur, clean eyes, and a moderately well-fed tummy. Evaluate the dog’s movements — it should not limp. Pay special attention to the level of opening of the nostrils and indicators of the depth of the foot. An insufficiently flat muzzle and a too short crease on it are considered breed defects.
You can take your pet home at the age of two months.
Pekingese is a common breed. The cost depends on the exterior class:
- pet — from 1000 rubles;
- breed — from 20,000 rubles;
- show — from 30,000 rubles.
Puppies from exhibition samples — famous parents, awarded various foreign titles, cost an average of 60,000 rubles.
Keep in mind that even experienced breeders will not give you a guarantee that the puppy belongs to the show class until it reaches six months.
It is not difficult to provide a Pekingese with comfortable conditions. The main thing is that the pet does not overheat — the sun’s rays can provoke heat stroke. That is why the dog does not need long walks. For walks in cold weather, it is advisable to provide your pet with warm clothing that will make them feel comfortable. Well, if the Pekingese puppy can be trained to the dog’s toilet.
Special attention should be paid to the luxurious fur coat of a small lion, so that it does not lose its aesthetic appearance. To avoid the appearance of tangles, it should be carefully combed, and the hair on the pads of the paws and in the area of the anal opening should be trimmed. To comb the puppy should be taught from an early age, then he will treat the procedures quite calmly. In very hot weather, the dog can be cut in the salon, where experts will make it a spectacular haircut “like a lion”.
You need to bathe Pekingese 2-3 times a year, as well as as soon as it gets dirty. More frequent water treatments are not recommended, as the animal needs at least a month to produce the same amount of sebum that a person produces in just a day. In addition, the structure of the Pekingese coat, which is naturally stiff rather than silky, can be damaged by shampoo, no matter how soft it is.
For bathing, you need to use warm water, special shampoo and balm. Wet wool is first carefully wiped with a towel, then gently dried with a hair dryer, trying not to over-dry, and combed.
Necessary hygiene procedures include cutting the claws, brushing the teeth and ears, wiping the folds on the muzzle and the skin under the eyes with a wet disk (without soap).
You should regularly check the Pekingese’s eyes, especially after a walk. If redness or discharge occurs, the eyes should be wiped with a special solution, and then, so that there are no complications, contact the veterinarian.
As for nutrition, it is advisable to feed the Pekingese with premium or super-premium food. If preference is given to natural food, it should be balanced and include low-fat meats, sea fish, dairy products (cottage cheese, kefir, yogurt without additives), cereals, vegetables. Vitamin and mineral supplements are required to maintain immunity.
Pros and cons of the breed
Having decided to have a Pekingese, a person should be aware that this fluffy miracle has not only advantages, but also significant disadvantages. And this must be considered, because the dog will almost become a member of the family.
- a bold original exterior;
- mind and intelligence;
- cheerful and friendly character;
- they wait patiently to be taken out for a walk;
- no need to walk for a long time;
- get used to the daily routine;
- they do not require special care, they sleep for a long time.
- impaired thermoregulation, the possibility of heat stroke;
- in a dream, they can snore and grunt — like all brachycephalic dogs;
- need to buy warm clothes;
- stubbornness, Royal manners;
- tendency to dominate;
- strong shedding;
- thorough grooming and grooming, especially for dogs participating in exhibitions;
- manifestation of aggression — with insufficient upbringing;
- they require a lot of attention to their person.
It is recommended to start Pekingese for elderly people, as well as people who lead a low-activity lifestyle.