On the skin, in the internal organs of the cat can settle various parasites. They can cause serious harm to the health of a four-legged pet in a large population. The main method of infection is contact with the carrier. Parasites are transmitted through wool, feces. A cat can infect kittens while feeding. It is important to know the types of parasites, their characteristics, and ways to effectively combat them.
Signs of the presence of ascarids, methods of deworming
The most common cat parasite is Ascaris. Worms of whitish color multiply in the intestines, can reach 13 centimeters. They usually come out in excrement, with sputum when coughing. In the presence of worms in cats:
- loose stools are observed;
- a cough appears;
- my eyes grow dim;
- wool loses its luster;
- greatly increases the appetite.
A kitten’s belly may swell.
The main means of combating worms are drugs made on the basis of piperazine. The dosage is selected based on the weight of the animal and its age. It is necessary to strictly observe hygiene rules, regularly carry out prevention. Once a year, you should give remedies for worms. Deworming includes 2 procedures with an interval of 10 days.
You can not remove ascarids from a sick animal. In this state, drugs with piperazine for the pet are deadly. Deworming is not performed for pregnant or nursing cats.
Hookworm and cepni
Hookworms, which suck blood from vessels located in the intestinal walls, are particularly dangerous for cats. This leads to anemia. Most of these parasites are detected in the United States. In other countries, they are extremely rare.
In the intestines can settle tsepni. This is a type of tapeworm. The head of the parasite is attached to the wall of the intestine. The eggs Mature in the end segment, which falls off and comes out with excrement. If there are chains, you can see small white grains on the hairs in the anal area. They may still be alive, moving. It is easier to notice segments with eggs on a dark coat.
Tapeworms enter the animal’s body in various ways. If the cat hunts, walks on the street, parasites can get with mice, rats. Fleas can bring them to Pets. In the veterinary pharmaceutical industry there are special drugs that kill tapeworms. They should also be used as a preventive measure if the cat has free access to the street, is an avid hunter. The dosage of funds should be selected by a veterinarian.
Most often, cat owners have to find ways to deal with fleas. These insects feed on blood, can bite a dog or a person, but they prefer to breed on representatives of the cat family. The most attractive areas for them are the chest and back. If there are too many fleas, eczema, anemia, and other diseases may occur. The main symptoms are:
- restless behavior;
- appearance of grain on the skin;
- continuous scratching.
In the modern assortment there are many insecticides that provide effective insect control. The products are available in the form of liquids, powders, and sprays. There are collars with anti-flea impregnations on sale. The convenience of this accessory is undeniable. But some products have too intense a smell that the animal can’t stand. In addition, cats often remove the collar. It is better to use such accessories as a preventive measure if the cat tolerates it calmly.
You can use aerosols, drops, and special powder to kill fleas. It is important to strictly follow the instructions for use. If the infection is severe, you must use a bathing procedure with a special shampoo. After washing, the wool must be thoroughly washed. The penetration of insecticide in the body can lead to severe poisoning.
It should be noted that fleas can reproduce not only on the cat’s body. You need to process upholstered furniture, which often has a pet, its litter. For this procedure, you can use conventional household chemicals with insecticides. But before processing, the animal must be removed from the room. You can get rid of fleas in the house with the aromas of coniferous trees and wormwood.
In addition to fleas, cats may also have lice. They differ in light gray color, and are also blood-sucking. Methods of treatment for lice and fleas are similar. But you will have to repeat the processing several times. Wool should be carefully combed to remove nits.
Coccidia and Toxoplasma gondii
Coccidia are single-celled parasites that penetrate the epithelial layer. They multiply directly in the cells of tissues, which leads to their destruction. The cat is infected from other individuals carrying the pathogen. When coccidia appears:
- there is regular diarrhea;
- blood appears in the feces;
- weight is lost, and exhaustion sets in.
In the Arsenal of veterinarians there are drugs that destroy these parasites. It is important to strictly observe hygiene rules, destroy cat litter by burning.
A special type of coccidia is Toxoplasma. These parasites destroy the tissues of the visual organs, lymph nodes, and brain. For cats, this type of parasites is considered natural, in small quantities they do not threaten the animal’s body. But Toxoplasma infection is extremely dangerous for pregnant women. These parasites can cause abnormalities in the fetus.
Ear and ixod mites
Ear mites create serious problems for Pets. They are transmitted by contact with infected cats and dogs. You can determine the presence of insects by the following symptoms. Cat:
- often shakes his head;
- much scratching his ears;
- he tilts his head to one side.
When examining the auricles, you can see lumps of reddish, brown sulfur. You need to take a cotton swab, wipe the inner surface of the ear, and examine the plaque with a magnifying glass. Ticks are white and move. Their secretions have a reddish-brown tint. If the infection is severe, the veterinarian will perform washing, pick up drops. The drug is instilled every day for several weeks. After the procedure, you need to hold the pet a little, massage the ear area a little, so that the medicine gets into the ear canal. If there is a dog or other cats in the house, you will have to treat all the animals.
In addition to ear mites, ixod mites can be dangerous. The pet can catch them while walking on the street. They are found on plants, move to the cat’s skin, dig into it and feed on blood. The animal does not feel ticks, but they can be seen when examined. When an insect gets drunk on blood, its size can reach a pea.
Remove insects correctly. If you tear off the body of the tick, leaving the head, infection will begin. First, you need to lubricate the insect with alcohol, chloroform, so that it loosens its grip. Then it is carefully pulled out with tweezers.
Now in veterinary medicine there are special vaccines against ticks, fleas. If your pet is in regular contact with other animals, you should use this opportunity to protect your cat from these dangers.