Metabolic Disorders In Dogs And Cats: Causes And Treatment

The health of Pets depends to a large extent on the nutrition and care provided by their loving owners. Unfortunately, many of the diseases that our cats and dogs suffer from are a direct result of metabolic disorders associated with an unbalanced diet.

An imbalance of nutrients causes improper lipid, protein, liquid, and vitamin-mineral metabolism. As a result, quadrupeds develop obesity, diabetes mellitus and diabetes insipidus, and various types of hypovitaminosis.

If these conditions are not compensated in a timely manner, they adversely affect vital functions: they affect the cardiovascular and endocrine systems, the bone apparatus, respiration and digestion, and also affect the ability to reproduce.

Causes of metabolic disorders in Pets

According to experts, the most common cause of diseases caused by metabolic disorders is a chronic lack of the following substances in the animal’s body:

  • proteins;
  • trace elements – iron, cobalt, manganese, zinc, selenium, iodine;
  • macronutrients – calcium, phosphorus;
  • vitamins A, C, D, E, K and B group;
  • essential amino acids: methionine, tryptophan, arginine.

An overabundance of certain elements in the diet, especially fats and carbohydrates, is also harmful. In conditions of an imbalance of nutrients, there are failures in physiological processes, the synthesis of hormones and vitamins is disrupted, biochemical reactions are slowed down, and cell renewal of organs and tissues is inhibited.

When examined, animals show changes in bone structure, thyroid dysfunction, increased blood glucose and lipids, and fatty liver dystrophy.

Externally, this is manifested by the following signs:

  • lag in development and growth;
  • reduced activity;
  • deformity of limbs and joints;
  • dullness and intense hair loss, the appearance of “bald spots»;
  • deterioration of the skin and claws;
  • problems with cycles in “girls”.

Metabolic disorders can also occur due to gastrointestinal pathologies, infections, toxic lesions, and other harmful factors, but the overall share of secondary metabolic disorders in veterinary medicine is not high.

Predisposition to metabolic disorders in Pets

Cats and dogs living in urban environments are too far removed from their “wild” lifestyle: they are no longer predators, do not move enough and often overeat. Veterinarians are convinced that this is the main reason for the surge in diseases of animal origin in Pets.

There are many factors that increase the risk of animal diseases, and this is largely the fault of the owners themselves:

  1. Cats and dogs that lead a “sofa” lifestyle are predisposed to obesity, the most common pet disease. The lack of loads corresponding to the natural behavior of the animal has a detrimental effect on its health.
  2. Representatives of the cat tribe who have passed through the procedure of removing the sex glands, more often than their unsterilized counterparts suffer from excess weight and diabetes.
  3. Artificially bred breeds have a genetic predisposition to metabolic disorders. The further the genotype of the breed has gone from its original form, the less the animal is adapted to withstand adverse factors.
  4. Animals with a loose Constitution, such as Mastiff breeds, have an increased tendency to metabolic pathologies.
  5. Poor nutrition is the main enemy of metabolism. This is over-feeding, unsuitable “human” food, excess fat and sugar in food, lack of protein, vitamins and mineral elements.
  6. The animal’s health can be affected by heredity: some endocrine pathologies are transmitted to puppies and kittens from their parents.
  7. We cannot exclude such a factor as the aggressive environmental situation in modern megacities. It contributes to the occurrence of allergic diseases, and systematic exposure to histamines can provoke disruptions in metabolic processes.

Prevention of metabolic disorders in cats and dogs: tips for owners

Balanced nutrition and proper care are the basis for the health and longevity of Pets. To make an individual diet for your animal, taking into account its age, build, lifestyle, breed and other parameters, it is advisable to contact a competent veterinarian. This will prevent the development of alimentary exchange disorders.

Follow the doctor’s recommended menu if a four-legged family member prefers natural food. When buying ready-made food, use the advice of a veterinarian to choose high-quality and most suitable food for your pet.

As for the amount of food, follow not only the instructions on the pack and the diet tables, but also the degree of fatness of your cat or dog. If the excess weight is visible to the naked eye or you can not feel the ribs under the layer of wool and muscle, reduce the amount of portions.

All Pets need fresh air, physical activity, and sunlight. To a greater extent, this applies, of course, to dogs. Regularly walk the dog and play games with him. And try to choose entertainment in accordance with the natural behavior of the breed (running, hunting, etc.)

What to do if a four-legged dog gets sick

If there are signs of metabolic disease, it is necessary to show the four-legged patient to a specialist. Modern approaches to veterinary diagnostics, based on the study of the biochemical composition of urine and blood, allow you to develop an effective set of therapeutic measures and choose the right ratio of elements in the patient’s menu.

Treatment, first of all, consists in a diet, elimination of hypodynamia, prevention of stressful situations. The doctor will recommend vitamin and mineral supplements, if necessary, prescribe medication support, hormone therapy.

Timely and well-conducted treatment:

  • promotes normalization of metabolic processes;
  • helps stop the development of diseases associated with hypomineralization (fractures, arthritis, osteoporosis);
  • allows you to compensate for diabetes (requires lifelong insulin injections);
  • restores a healthy appearance of the skin and coat;
  • prevents severe pathologies of the liver, kidneys, gastrointestinal tract and cardiovascular system;
  • gives you a chance to have healthy offspring;
  • returns animal cheerfulness and energy.

Remember that you are responsible for the life and health of your pet. He needs as much care as the rest of your family. Do not neglect the prevention of metabolic disorders and regularly show the animal to the veterinarian.