In the treatment of cat diseases, injections are often required. Oral medications and procedures may not always provide the desired result. Injecting drugs are more effective, and sometimes just necessary in the fight against serious diseases. The treatment course usually includes several injections. Visits to a veterinary clinic for an animal are often stressful, and it is not always easy for owners to find time for regular visits to a specialist. Therefore, it makes sense to learn the rules for injecting cats in order to carry out the prescribed treatment yourself.
General rules for the introduction of injection
There are several General recommendations to follow:
- if it is necessary to make injections daily, the procedure should be performed at the same hours;
- if the animal has an appetite, you can give a treat before the injection;
- animals feel the mood of the owner, you can not panic, fuss;
- the procedure will require an assistant who will hold the cat;
- the drug is collected before the animal is attracted, the needle is closed with a cap;
- before the injection, the area is disinfected with an alcohol solution.
The veterinarian who prescribes the treatment will explain in detail the rules of administration, which will avoid mistakes, ensure the effectiveness of treatment, and give advice on choosing a syringe for the drug. For the most part, cat injections are made with an instrument designed for insulin. Syringes can be soldered or removable. If the drug is prepared on the basis of oil or glycerin, it is better to choose syringes with removable needles. For a liquid product, a one-piece tool is suitable, into which you can pump the drug directly from the bottle. If the cat is large, the fat layers are large, you will need syringes with long needles.
Introduction of subcutaneous injection
Injections into subcutaneous tissues are prescribed if the introduction of fast-acting drugs is required. This zone contains fat layers. They have a loose structure, the drug is freely distributed. Due to the widespread network of blood vessels, the components of the drug immediately penetrate the bloodstream and begin to act. Large doses of injections can be made into the subcutaneous layers. If the drug has an oil base, it needs to be warmed up a little before entering the syringe.
The optimal area for subcutaneous injections is the withers of the animal. Pain during the injection in the fat layers does not occur. But this does not mean that the cat will calmly endure the procedure. It is necessary to take into account the possibility of sudden movements, be sure to fix the pet to ensure the accuracy of the drug administration. There are drugs that cause pain. It is advisable to warm up the syringe with the medicine a little in your hand, reduce the negative effects.
During the procedure, you need to try to calm and distract the pet to avoid severe stress. You can gently stroke the animal or put a bowl of your favorite food in front of the cat. This will help to relax your pet. At this time, on the withers or between the shoulder blades, you should make a fold of skin with your index and thumb.
The drug is carefully inserted into it. The syringe is located parallel to the spine, the needle section should be directed upwards. It is important not to pierce the crease, but to insert the needle exactly under the skin to a depth of about one and a half centimeters. After making sure that it entered correctly, you can press the plunger. If the dosage is large, the needle should be moved slightly. After administration of the drug, the needle is carefully removed, while the cat needs to be gently stroked. The injection site is treated with an alcohol solution. The area should be massaged a little so that the pain passes faster.
Intramuscular drug administration
Small dosages of fast-acting drugs are often intended for intramuscular administration. In these tissues, there are many vessels of the blood flow network, lymph flow, which ensures the penetration of the drug ingredients into the blood and lymph. The muscles are usually injected with liquid products prepared on the basis of water. They are well absorbed, do not cause severe pain. But there are also painful drugs in this category.
The specific nature of drugs intended for intramuscular administration is the duration of exposure. Muscle tissue is a kind of depot. The drug is concentrated in it, the components are released gradually. As a result, the required concentration of the drug in the body is maintained for several hours. The main group of such drugs are antibiotics.
The drug is administered at the place where the maximum volume of muscle tissue is concentrated. This area is the hip, the area between the hip and knee joints. It is important to act carefully, to prevent the needle from getting into the bone. Before administration, it is necessary to feel the muscle tissue well. To do this, on the one hand, you need to rest your thumb on the bone, and on the other — with your index, middle fingers to determine the place with the largest amount of muscle tissue. This will help to identify the junction of the bone and muscle, and prevent the needle from getting into it.
There is a large blood vessel in the thigh tissue. It should be excluded from getting into it when the drug is administered. In this case, when the needle is inserted, blood appears. It is necessary to immediately remove it, attach a cotton wool to the place of blood flow, and start the introduction in another place.
Intramuscular injections cats are treated differently. There are animals that fully trust their owner, ready to tolerate injections. But in most cases, you have to do injections with an assistant who will keep the pet. Sometimes you have to wrap it in a blanket or towel, leaving only the injection area free.
Calm cats make injections much easier. The needle easily enters the relaxed muscle tissue, the drug is freely distributed, there is no strong pain. If the muscles are tense, they increase the pressure, the fibers are stratified. After injections, lumps may remain in such tissues. Sometimes it is impossible to insert the needle under high voltage. You need to lightly Pat the cat’s bottom with your hand, this will make the animal relax the muscles of its hind legs.
Sequence of actions for intramuscular administration of drugs:
- type the drug into the syringe, release the air;
- put the cat on the floor or on the table, fix it;
- find the optimal zone, treat it with an alcohol solution;
- insert the needle, slowly press on the plunger for high-quality distribution of the drug;
- quickly remove the needle and treat the injection area with an alcohol solution.
For kittens and small cats, medications are administered using insulin syringes. If the pet is large, it is better to use tools with a long needle — about 5 cm. It is inserted into the muscle tissue to a depth of 1 cm. If necessary, make a course of injections, the zones need to be changed, alternate the left and right hip.
After the injection, the injection area needs to be massaged a little. If a lump appears, you don’t need to worry too much. It will gradually resolve. But if you keep the seal for a long time, you need to show your pet to the veterinarian. In rare cases, these bumps are transformed into a tumor. It is necessary to exclude this possibility.
Additional recommendations from specialists
The owner must act calmly, clearly, following the rules of the procedure. This may affect the quality of distribution, the effectiveness of the drug, the condition of the pet, the stress level of the cat. Additional recommendations from specialists will help reduce the risk of errors when using injectable drugs:
Even a calm cat that fully trusts its owner can make sudden movements during the injection. It is necessary to ensure high-quality fixation of the body in the injection area, and prevent the needle from moving.
You should make every effort to calm your pet before the injection. An injection in a relaxed state will cause less pain, and the stress from the procedure will not be too strong.
After the injection, the cat needs to be petted, praised, and fed with your favorite treats. This will allow you to avoid problems in the next procedure, avoid the formation of a panic fear of injections.
Special recommendations will be useful to owners of sphinxes. For them, high-quality disinfection of the injection site is a prerequisite. You can use an alcohol napkin for this. Representatives of sphinxes have a good appetite. These foodies are ready to do anything for food. You need to use this feature to feed your pet well after the injections. This will help the cat to quickly forget about the unpleasant procedure, not to be afraid of it later.