Sometimes our Pets get sick. And then it becomes uncomfortable, because the owner does not know what is wrong with the pet, and, most importantly, how to help him? Not all symptoms are specific and “suggest” what exactly makes the purr ill.
And for General reasons (diarrhea, vomiting or constipation), you will not be able to determine the cause of your pet’s malaise yourself. So why is the cat vomiting? Natural cleansing of the stomach from the licked wool or a symptom of the disease?
What to do if the cat’s vomiting is constant, even with an admixture of blood or bile? Learn more about everything.
Causes of vomiting
Irritation of the stomach
Irritation of the stomach/ pharynx mucosa with something hard (a lump of hair in the stomach or a stuck fish bone in the throat). Often, cats accidentally swallow something small and inedible, starting to chew out of interest. Then in the vomit you can see what led to intestinal antiperistalsis.
Overfeed your pet
Overfeed your pet. If the owners want to put more purr in the bowl, thinking that it is better that their four-legged friend will be fed longer, then the fuzzy overeats. And then there is no doubt why the cat started vomiting. Vomit is not digested pieces of food, and the cat vomits only after over-feeding, if the portion is reduced, then more such attacks will not occur.
Vomiting in cats can also occur due to poor-quality food. The pet will probably get poisoned. Then the toxins affect the brain’s receptors (more precisely, the emetic center), hence the reverse peristalsis.
It can be poisoned
Do not forget that the purr can be poisoned not only by food, but also by chemicals, medicines (especially if the owner is self-medicating), and houseplants. There are a great many poisons and toxins that affect the emetic center in the brain.
Why it could also cause vomiting in cats? Due to a strong worm infestation. Intestinal helminths in the process of living inside the host secrete toxins, which again poison the cat.
Inflammatory processes in the gastrointestinal tract. They are not always of non-infectious etiology. Much more often, these inflammations are the result of infectious diseases. And if you do not contact the veterinarian for help as soon as possible, the pet will die.
However, diseases of the digestive system that lead to vomiting may not be of an inflammatory nature. For example, intestinal obstruction, inversion of its loop. Without timely surgical intervention, it will not be possible to save the cat. No herbs or pills will help here, which is why it is so important to contact the veterinary clinic when the cat vomits.
Brain damage. These are injuries (concussion or bruising), swelling, increased intracranial pressure – all this can cause the cat to vomit.
Symptoms of vomiting
It would seem, what are the symptoms, if vomiting is the same for everyone. But many owners confuse it with a cough. They believe that the pet vomited because of a coughing fit and confuse the cause and effect.
Not immediately starts to tear the cat. First, he coughs slightly, and saliva is released in a large volume. Purr licks his lips, rushes (if not exhausted), constantly swallows and breathes often.
Only then does he bend down and stretch his neck-vomiting begins.
If the reverse intestinal peristalsis was once, not repeated, and the cat feels great and behaves normally, then there are probably no serious diseases.
Often you don’t need to do anything. Perhaps the reason was overfeed or a lump of wool.
If the vomiting was repeated (at least three times during the day), then entrust the diagnosis to the veterinarian, it is not necessary to go to the clinic, you can call him at home (many clinics provide this service). You will also need to tell the veterinarian as much as possible about the purr.
First of all, you need to remember what was fed or given to your pet (medications, treats, or maybe the cat reached for a flower or a bottle of household chemicals), mention vaccinations, deworming (the dates of the last ones), and remember if there were any injuries.
You need to look closely at the vomit. What do they mostly consist of? If the food is not digested, then problems may be associated with over-feeding, intestinal blockage, a foreign body in the stomach, and the quality of food (for example, too fatty food or poor quality).
If the cat’s vomiting is accompanied by fever, diarrhea, or any other symptoms, then most likely the cause is infection.
And without specific treatment (immunoglobulins or antibiotics), there is almost no chance of a quick and complete recovery.
It is necessary to tell the veterinarian about the color of vomit (white, yellow, with blood, with foam, etc.). This will help you more accurately determine the possible cause of your favorite cat’s malaise.
And only after the diagnosis is made, you can start treating your pet.
What should the owner do when his four-legged family member vomits? First of all, call a veterinarian or go to the clinic with the animal yourself. The veterinarian will examine the patient, provide first aid: if necessary, wash the stomach, put an IV. If necessary, prescribe a course of antibiotics.
You do not need to give antiemetics yourself. First, vomiting is a protective reaction of the body, perhaps this is the way it tries to clear the gastrointestinal tract of toxins.
And by prescribing antiemetic drugs yourself, you will ensure that toxins and poisons will enter the blood, thereby making the animal’s health only worse.
Second, self-medication is always a risk. You can make a mistake with the dosage. And, thirdly, such actions of the owners significantly complicate the work of the veterinarian. It is much more difficult to make a diagnosis when many symptoms disappear before the examination.
Only the veterinarian decides what and in what dosage can be given to a cat with vomiting. All you can do is not feed the cat anymore, but provide it with access to clean water. Dehydration is very dangerous. The veterinarian will probably advise you to drink your pet every 10-15 minutes with a spoon (teaspoon) of a special salt solution at home.
You do not need to pour the entire glass, it will only provoke a new attack of vomiting. Such powders (they are then dissolved in chilled boiled water according to the instructions) are best kept in your first-aid kit, and they are sold in any “human” pharmacy.
If the cause of vomiting is a loop inversion or intestinal obstruction, then surgery will be required. But again, you can find out about this only after you show your pet to the veterinarian.
If you decide to do without qualified help and do everything yourself (put enemas, inject antibiotics, give antiemetics), you risk losing your pet.
Contact your veterinarian as soon as you notice that your pet is unwell.
Prevention of vomiting in cats
- Monitor the quality of food. It should always be fresh and suitable for the animal (not from your table should be food for the cat). Always remove leftover food from the bowl so that it doesn’t spoil during the day. And don’t overfeed!
- Never self-medicate or give pills to an animal without consulting a veterinarian. Keep the first aid kit and any medications (even vitamins, dietary Supplements) in a place where Pets and children will not reach.
- Do not forget about preventive measures: vaccinations, deworming and just checkups with a veterinarian. This will significantly increase your pet’s chances of maintaining its health.
- Remove the houseplants higher up. And lock your household chemicals in a locker or put them where a curious purr can’t reach.
- Brush your hair regularly (especially for long-haired cats). If it falls out strongly, be sure to contact the veterinarian. There are a lot of reasons for hair loss. And if you do not fight this, then the cat can swallow it while it is licking itself.
Hi, my name is Mike Fletcher. I am 36 years old and I’m a veterinarian at a veterinary clinic in Granby Colorado. And this is my blog about Pets. I hope I can answer your questions here.