Allergy sufferers are deprived of many of the pleasures that are freely available to healthy members of society. They can’t wear woolen things, sleep on down pillows, use aerosols, and most importantly — they are deprived of the pleasure of keeping a dog at home. But this is the opinion of non-professionals.
Experienced breeders say that there are hypoallergenic dogs, and they do not have to be naked.
If a person with a tendency to allergies wants to get a four-legged pet, then he has this opportunity, and the choice of breeds is much wider than it seems at first glance.
What provokes the development of allergies
There are a lot of reasons for a negative reaction of the body, but of those that concern dogs, the main allergens are the following:
- flaked skin scales (dandruff),
- discharge from the eyes and nose,
- urine and feces.
This is due to the fact that the cause of irritation, itching, conjunctivitis and acute skin reactions are not the dog’s “substances” themselves, but special proteins. They are found in all body fluids. When the dog is licked, the proteins stick to the surface of the hair, and as soon as the animal begins to shed, along with the hair, skin particles and secretions spread throughout the room.
This is what provokes the disease in people who are prone to allergies.
Sometimes acute attacks are caused by characteristic components that contain dog food. To get rid of them, simply change the brand of the product or transfer the dog to home-made food.
To the delight of Allergy sufferers, there are so-called hypoallergenic dogs, that is, the discharge of which has a minimal ability to cause seizures. This should be understood so that completely non — allergenic domestic dogs are a myth, fiction. Any dog can cause illness if it is not properly cared for and appropriate measures are not taken for normal maintenance.
How to choose a hypoallergenic dog
If you need a hypoallergenic dog, first of all decide on its size, purpose, evaluate your capabilities, and only then look for a suitable animal.
Do not think that a short — haired dog is an ideal option. And such a home companion can be a problem if it is constantly raining wool. This is very important if the dog will live in an apartment in the city, and not in the yard. In the first case, the value is not the length of the coat, but the frequency and intensity of molting.
For people with a tendency to the disease, “naked” breeds and dogs that shed either very rarely (usually twice a year), or those whose hair changes continuously and imperceptibly. In this case, when molting, there are never large balls of down and awn, as well as carpets, sofas and pillows decorated with shreds of fallen dog “fur”.
When selecting a suitable dog, you need to focus not only on its size, purpose and specialization, but also on the complexity of care.
In order to minimize the risk of health problems, you need to choose the most easy-to-care dog or be ready to devote a lot of time to your pet: walk with him, bathe, comb, wipe your eyes and nose, clean your ears and trim your claws.
With some of the worries are less, and others, with long silky strands that resemble human hair, will have to be constantly put in order. So that hypoallergenic dog dog discord.
The best choice is an animal that meets the following requirements:
- Compact size. The smaller the animal, the less allergens it can spread. Lap dogs are preferred.
- Smooth, silky coat. It is the least showered, “decorating” home textiles, furniture and carpets.
- Muzzle without pronounced folds and drooping wings. Because of them, the dog spreads a lot of saliva.
- Calm character and no tendency to bark frequently. This also leads to the scattering of saliva.
- Molt is either rare, or constantly and imperceptibly.
- The absence of pronounced doggy smell.
If you select an animal according to these parameters and look after it well, you can count on the maximum reduction in the risk of the disease.
Hypoallergenic dog breeds
In order to prevent a pet from becoming a source of disease, it is important to choose the right dog. Saying that there are hypoallergenic breeds of dogs, no one means that animals are absolutely unable to provoke allergies. Hypoallergenic means a much lower risk of disease than in contact with most Pets.
The full list of hypoallergenic dog breeds is quite large, so special attention should be paid to those dogs that are most affordable in our country. But it is worth considering that most representatives of such breeds will not be able to buy cheap. The rarer the animal, the higher its cost.
All the most “safe” from the point of view of Allergy dogs can be divided by size into the following breeds:
- Small ones:
- Mexican hairless dog (Xoloitzcuintli). This is a fairly rare animal, has no hair, does not spread dandruff, it does not have drooling wings, which makes it the best companion of an allergic person.
- Chinese pygmy crested dog. The “naked “dog has a cute” wig ” on its head made of long hair of contrasting (white) color and the same hair on its tail. The rest of the body is a dark cocoa shade with a scattering of light spots. It doesn’t smell or shed.
- Bichon Frise (Tenerife Bichon). The dog practically does not shed.
- Maltese lapdog (Maltese). This cute creature has a long, thin coat that looks like hair.
- The Italian Greyhound. The world’s smallest Greyhound is charming and cute, with a short, smooth coat that barely sheds.
- The Bedlington Terrier. This dog looks like either a sheep or an unknown alien. She has a sweet, good-natured nature and a minimal tendency to molt. It is considered a family dog, has a soft coat that does not crumble, but needs to be combed. Individual hairs fall out only during processing.
- Basenji (Congo Terrier, African flying dog). Dogs of this ancient breed originally from Central Africa do not bark, but only make special sounds such as grumbling when excited. They have no smell, have a short smooth coat and are able to wash like a cat’s paw.
- Kerry blue Terrier (Irish Terrier). The dog has an original bluish color (puppies are born black). The coat is thick, silky, does not smell of dog, almost does not fall out. But the dog needs careful care, haircut and combing.
- Mittelschnauzer (medium Schnauzer). Like all Schnauzers, it is suitable for people with sensitivity to wool, sheds little, with proper maintenance does not cause trouble.
- Samoyed. Wonderful Samoyed husky will not leave anyone indifferent. This cute furry creature looks more like a toy than a living creature. It has a beautiful peaceful character, with a very thick undercoat molt occurs only twice a year. It does not smell like a dog and does not spread dandruff.
- Lhasa Apso (Tibetan Terrier). It belongs to the oldest breeds, almost does not shed, has a surprisingly long silky coat, more like human hair. With its abundance, it has a very clean and healthy skin, does not suffer from dandruff, so it is well suited for the role of a dog for Allergy sufferers.
- The giant Schnauzer. Although there are few large dogs among hypoallergenic breeds, Schnauzers managed to get into three groups of such animals at once. The largest — riesenschnauzers — have a long, slightly curly coat, which must be trimmed. They do not need frequent washing, but their moustached and bearded muzzle will have to be wiped after each meal. With proper training, this is a smart and calm dog. There are usually no problems with it.
- Portuguese water dog. Despite all its shagginess, the animal sheds little, and therefore does not harm Allergy sufferers. To give the dog a presentable appearance and to protect it from the formation of tangles, it should be combed regularly. This is the end of the main care, so that a large and shaggy pet is not only not harmful to health, but also does not cause trouble.
These are not all dogs with properties that allow them to be classified as hypoallergenic.
Dogs for asthmatic children
Asthma is a disease caused by various external and internal stimuli, including allergens. Under their influence, the immune system produces special antigens.
The weaker the body’s defenses, the higher the risk of developing the disease, so it is a small child more often than an adult who suffers from Allergy symptoms.
If there is a patient in the family, then keeping a pet is problematic. But special breeds come to the rescue — dogs for Allergy sufferers and asthmatics.
These include the following:
- The border Terrier. These are small cheerful dogs with a coat lined with a dense and dense undercoat. They do not fade and are easy to care for — they do not need a haircut, they only need to be combed. They have a kind and easy-going character, ideal for children.
- Poodles. They come in all sizes and are distinguished by curly hair that does not crumble, without an undercoat. Not inclined to formation of dandruff.
- Shih Tzu. The chrysanthemum dog is a favorite of Chinese emperors. It has a long, hair-like silk coat that doesn’t fall out on its own. The animal is combed.
- Yorkshire Terrier. A small dog with a long Silken coat that looked like human hair. Hypoallergenic, good — natured and cheerful, does not smell, does not form dandruff on his skin- an ideal companion for asthmatics and Allergy sufferers.
Although there are breeds that are considered hypoallergenic, this does not mean that such dogs will not be able to cause allergies under any circumstances. Any animal requires careful care and proper feeding, maintenance. Only then the presence of a dog in the house will not cause illness of the owner or family members.
Hi, my name is Mike Fletcher. I am 36 years old and a veterinarian at a veterinary clinic in Granby Colorado. And this is my blog about Pets. I hope I can answer your questions here.