Starting from the age of three months, the puppy can be taken for a walk. And so that the collar and leash do not cause negative emotions in the pet, it is necessary to properly and smoothly train them. During the walk, the dog should not feel discomfort and pressure, and for small breeds it is better to give up the collar and buy a harness. How to train a puppy to a collar and leash you will learn from the article.
Dog and leash
The dog needs daily walks. For some places, there are certain rules for walking, for example, in shops, public transport, and public places with a pet go on a leash and in a muzzle. The owner can easily control the actions of the animal depending on the length of the leash. Also, the dog must be kept close when crossing the roadway and in places with large crowds.
A leash for a dog is not only a control of actions, but also protection from external factors – roads, cars, and other animals. That is why it is so important to teach a small four-legged friend to controlled walking from an early age.
Rules for choosing a collar and leash for a puppy
Any owner before buying a puppy gets a minimum of standard, necessary attributes of dog breeding:
- a Cup for water and the food bowl;
- food for puppies;
- sleeping place, bedding or Mat;
- combs, combs, scratchers;
- care products;
- elastic leash;
- soft collar or vest-harness.
Having come to a pet store for a collar, many novice dog breeders are lost in the presented assortment. The choice of accessories depends not only on the age of the puppy, but also on its character and breed. There are General rules for choosing the first collar:
- Comfort, softness, and lightness are the three main characteristics for a puppy’s collar;
- The length of the leash must not exceed 1.5 m;
- During training, give up heavy chains and leashes-roulette, they can scare a small pet;
- Take a collar that matches the age of the puppy;
- Let the new party accessories lie at home for a few days. During this time, the foreign smell will disappear, and the puppy will perceive them better;
- For grown-up puppies of small breeds, a harness is preferable, rather than a collar.
Training a pet to a collar
The first stage of training is a collar. Usually puppies perceive it well. Often, at birth, a string with a tag is put on the neck of each puppy, where the time of birth and the weight of the puppy are indicated. Growing up, the thread is replaced with a ribbon, and then a collar. Thus, the puppy does not feel much discomfort from wearing a collar.
If a small puppy is not familiar with this procedure, then follow the same scheme. First, tie a ribbon around your neck, let the baby walk with it at home for about two weeks, and then put a soft collar on top of the ribbon. A tight accessory will get in the way, and a loose one will constantly fly off. Ideally, two fingers should fit between the dog’s neck and the collar.
An important point – for very small puppies, it is not recommended to use a harness, because the young bones are not yet fully strengthened and may be deformed. To solve the problem, you can buy a special harness-vest in a pet store.
Walking on a leash
You need to start training from 1.5 months. Young dogs quickly get used to the leash, unlike adult relatives. The training process is a long and difficult period, the owner should be patient. The dog owner must learn to manage the leash – let go so that the puppy runs freely, or shorten it – if there is a danger nearby.
You should start your training at home. First, fasten a light leash to the collar, with which the pet will walk around the rooms. Repeat this procedure daily for 30 minutes. Don’t forget to reward your puppy with a treat for good behavior. When the puppy stops paying attention to the leash and starts running around the apartment without noticing it, you can move on to the second stage of training. Make sure that the pet does not start playing with the cord, there should be no Association that the leash is an object for games.
If a small four-legged friend is aggressive and angry, do not unfasten the shoelace until he calms down. Otherwise, in the future, the pet will show character and show capriciousness.
When the puppy is three months old and all the vaccinations are delivered, you can go for a walk on the street. From the first joint walks, fasten the leash – this will guarantee safety that nothing will happen to the puppy, and it will not run away from you.
The first week you need to walk with the puppy five times a day, lasting 20 minutes. Then increase the walking time by 5 minutes every four weeks. Follow the puppy for a walk, do not allow the leash to stretch. If a little friend is heading to a dangerous place, take it and move it to a safe space. Do not force the puppy or drag it on a leash by force. A four-legged friend with a leash should have the following associations: “The leash – walking – yay!»
After a few months of training, you need to teach the dog not to pull the leash. There are two methods:
- Soft. As soon as the pet starts pulling on the leash, stop. Then call him to you when it comes – give him a treat, and then change the direction of movement. After a couple of weeks, the puppy will realize that pulling the leash, the owner stops and does not go further, and then the pet will stop doing so.
- Hard, or the “jerk” method. Works on young puppies of large breeds. The dog is put on a collar with special spikes and a nylon leash. On the street, the pet is released for several meters, if the pet starts running forward and pulls the leash, the owner makes a sharp jerk on himself. After a week, the four-legged friend will realize that pulling the leash brings discomfort, and will no longer do so.
During training, do not forget to encourage your pet. Delicious treats, toys and a good attitude to the dog work wonders during training!
If the dog is difficult to train, limit the treats and add toys to the process. Talk to a naughty puppy in a calm, strict and firm voice.
What if the dog doesn’t want to obey on a leash?
Every dog owner made mistakes in training, especially with the first dog. Some were too strict, while others were too soft. In any case, an improperly constructed training process can leave negative memories in the puppy’s memory forever. And he will perceive the collar and leash with a negative.
What should I do if the dog refuses to go on a leash? The following factors may interfere:
- the collar is uncomfortable. The solution is to replace it with a more convenient one;
- the puppy perceives the leash as a fun toy, in this case, replacing the accessory will also help;
- on the street, the owner does not allow the puppy to play. In this case, you should reconsider the approach to training and be sure to use positive reinforcement;
- the puppy is wary of the leash. This happens when an impatient owner slaps a pet with a new accessory during a party. In this case, you must purchase a harness-vest.
If you can’t train your puppy to walk on a leash on your own, contact a special school. experienced dog handlers will certainly help you. And remember, you can always protect your dog from danger if it is on a leash.