Hot and dry weather is difficult for many dogs to handle. At the same time, heat tolerance is largely affected by the origin of the breed. If your pet’s grandparents come from dry deserts, savannas, or just countries with high temperatures, it is likely to endure the heat much easier.
The role is played not only by hereditary defense mechanisms, but also by the specifics of the dog’s exterior. Smooth-haired and lean dogs tolerate heat more easily than shaggy and large representatives. However, both can suffer equally from overheating and being exposed to the sun.
The presence of a coat does not mean that the animal is better protected than a person from the harmful effects of the sun and high temperatures, so the owner of a dog of any Constitution and origin must know how to protect your pet from overheating and the threat of heat stroke.
Simple rules of behavior in extreme heat
To ensure that the animal is not affected by the sun or very high air temperature, the owner of the pet should listen to the following rules and recommendations:
- In the heat, for cooling, the dog actively breathes and sweats, as a result, the body loses a lot of fluid. If the dog does not have access to water, it may develop dehydration. This is a very dangerous condition that is extremely bad for the kidneys, circulatory and heart systems. Therefore, in hot weather, the animal should have access to clean water in unlimited quantities.
- Walking with the dog should be moved to the early morning or evening after sunset, at this time it is not so hot outside.
- If the pet lives on the street, you need to organize a shady and cool place to rest (but not in a draft). You should also make sure that the booth is not in direct sunlight. The aviary also needs to be shaded using a camouflage net. It should be stretched over at least a third of the area so that the dog can go into the shade if necessary. The grid has a huge advantage over other methods – it passes air well and does not create a “greenhouse effect”, which further increases the temperature.
- To cool off in the heat, people prefer to swim. Don’t force your animal to enter the water if it doesn’t want to. A sharp temperature difference between the heat outside and cool water can negatively affect your health, cause spasms and even a heart attack. Do not pour too much water on the animal. Pouring a bucket of water on a dog is much more harmful than gently wetting its fur, wiping its muzzle, and putting a wet towel in the intense heat.
- Naked dog breeds, as well as animals with thick black hair, need special attention. They need to be protected in the heat with capes, robes and hats. Pets with pink noses and ears, paw pads or sparse white fur have another problem – they are easily burned in the sun, so they can not be walked in the middle of the day, and in strong sun it is recommended to cover sensitive areas.
- Do not force the dog to eat if it does not want to, the dog may not have an appetite in the heat. Most likely, the dog will want to eat closer to the night, when it gets cooler, so you should adjust the feeding schedule a little.
- Do not allow the dog to remain in a closed, unventilated room or in a car without the ability to get out into the air, and even more so without water. This is very dangerous and can lead to extremely negative consequences.
These simple rules will make it easier for Your pet to survive the hot summer.
Hi, my name is Mike Fletcher. I am 36 years old and I’m a veterinarian at a veterinary clinic in Granby Colorado. And this is my blog about Pets. I hope I can answer your questions here.