Like any other living creature, the temperature of a cat is a kind of indicator of health. Even its slight increase may indicate that a serious pathology is developing in the animal’s body.
Normal temperature for cat
If a person’s normal temperature is considered to be 35.9 to 37.2 °C, then a cat’s temperature is always higher-38-39 degrees. There is an opinion that representatives of hairless breeds have a normal temperature of 42 °C.
In fact, it is the same in sphinxes as in long-haired cats. It’s just that your pet’s skin always feels hot when you touch it. It is not surprising, because there is no wool cover on it.
A slight increase in temperature in cats is always noted in the hot season. Indicators may also vary throughout the day. So, during sleep and in the morning after waking up, they are lowered, but after physical exertion, eating and later in the evening, on the contrary, they are increased. There’s nothing wrong with that.
There should be no concerns about a 1-degree jump in temperature during estrus, pregnancy, childbirth, as well as after sterilization and vaccination.
It should be noted that in kittens, the thermoregulation mechanism is formed gradually. In newborns, the normal values are 35.5 to 36.5 degrees, in babies 1-2 months they range from 38.5 to 39.5 degrees. When the kittens reach the age of 7 months, the indicators stabilize.
Causes of hyperthermia in cats
An increase in body temperature in a pet can be caused by a variety of reasons. The most common of these is normal overheating. If the cat has been in the sun for a long time or in a stuffy room, the indicators can jump up to 41 degrees.
To stabilize the temperature, it is enough to put the animal in a cool room and give it a drink of water. As a rule, after a couple of hours, thermoregulation returns to normal.
The temperature can also jump significantly due to stress. Cats are emotional, and the appearance of another pet in the house, moving to a new place of residence, changing or losing the owner, even a banal car ride to a veterinary clinic causes them great concern.
The animal’s condition stabilizes as soon as it feels that it is not in any danger, and the loving owner is still there.
Hyperthermia can be triggered by infections. In such cases, the pet has symptoms such as diarrhea, vomiting, urinary retention, lack of appetite, and weight loss. Infectious diseases are very dangerous and require immediate contact with a veterinarian.
If a cat’s fever is accompanied by sneezing, mucous discharge from the nose, or tears, it is most likely that the body is infected with a virus. In such cases, it is also necessary to pay a visit to the veterinary clinic.
High fever can be caused by an inflammatory process occurring in the body, such as mastitis. It is not uncommon for a violation of thermoregulation to be a sign of cancer.
How to correctly measure the temperature of a cat
The temperature of a four-legged pet should be measured rectally with a thermometer. Measuring under the foot does not make sense, since all animals have hair, and the result will be incorrect.
Many owners prefer to use an electronic thermometer as the safest. In this case, you need to take into account the error of changes, which will be 0.1-0.5 ℃.
An ordinary mercury thermometer will show an accurate result, but it is very fragile and therefore unsafe. Therefore, it is advisable for cat owners without experience to resort to the first option.
A rare cat will not resist when trying to measure her temperature, so the procedure is painless, but a little unpleasant, it is desirable to carry out together. One person will hold the animal, the second will perform the manipulation.
Measuring temperature in a cat:
- Place your pet on a firm, horizontal surface, belly down.
- Brush the tip of the thermometer with vaseline oil.
- Lift the cat’s tail, gently, in a circular motion, insert the thermometer into the anal opening by about 1 cm (for kittens-by 0.5 cm).
- Keep the electronic thermometer until the sound signal, mercury-at least 5 minutes.
- After the procedure, wipe the thermometer with alcohol.
The cat’s temperature can be measured with an ear infrared thermometer. The procedure is absolutely safe and painless, in addition, the device will show the result in a maximum of 10 seconds. However, if the animal has an inflammatory process in the ear, the results will be unreliable.
Inexperienced pet owners prefer to determine the temperature of a cat’s nose: if it is wet and cool, it means that the pet’s health is all right. But if the nose is dry, it indicates a bad state of health, including on the possible increase in temperature.
Do not rely on this method, because a cat that has just woken up from sleep, the lobe is always dry. But you can touch the ears. If the cat’s temperature is above 41 degrees, they will be hot.
How to bring down a cat’s temperature
If it turns out that the pet’s temperature is elevated, you should immediately take action. It is better, of course, to take the cat to the vet. If this is not possible, the animal should be placed in a cool room and turn on the air conditioner. Lowering the ambient temperature by 18-19 this will improve the cat’s heat output. There should be no drafts in the room!
The second stage of reducing the temperature will be a plentiful drink, which will compensate for the lost body fluid and prevent dehydration. If the cat categorically refuses to drink, for its own good, pour water into the mouth should be forced. This should be done using a syringe (without a needle) or a rubber pear, carefully, in small portions, but often.
With dehydration, which is accompanied by diarrhea, vomiting, lack of urination, it is important to restore the salt balance.
The owner must provide the sick cat with the best possible care, comfortable living conditions,and a diet. Food should be light and nutritious. The ideal option is chicken broth.
You can not wet the animal’s fur, and also give human medications as an antipyretic!