Pets, like people, can get sick. They need not only our love and affection, but also require attention to their health. Dog owners often have to treat them at home, so they need to have first aid skills, as well as the ability to correctly give medications, give an injection or perform a dressing.
To learn how to perform these and other manipulations, the owner of the animal needs to contact the veterinarian for advice, where the doctor will show and tell you about all the features of their performance. The owner will only have to strictly follow its instructions and instructions.
Preparation for the injection
Do not think that the sterility and correct administration of the drug is not important for the animal. Like a human, a dog can suffer from an incorrect injection or infection.
Before the injection, you need to prepare all the accessories, wash your hands thoroughly, and calm your pet. This is very important, as the animal’s body should be relaxed. Do not touch the needle with your hands, and the administered drug should have a room temperature or slightly higher – up to 37° C. Before the injection, do not forget to disinfect the injection site and release the air from the syringe.
Performing a subcutaneous injection
The best place for subcutaneous injection is at the withers. This place is almost devoid of nerve endings and blood vessels, so the injection will not be painful. The only obstacle is thick and dense skin, so the needle must be inserted slowly so as not to break.
The procedure is performed as follows:
- Choose a section of the withers between the shoulder blades.
- Slightly pull the skin, pushing the wool. If the coat is very thick and long, it is better to shave off a small piece.
- The needle is inserted at an angle of 45o, half the length.
- After administration of the drug, continue to hold the fold and slowly remove the needle.
During the injection, you need to make sure that you do not pierce the fold through. If the dog is nervous, do the procedure together and talk affectionately with the pet.
Intramuscularly enter antibiotics and drugs that need slow, gradual absorption. When an injection is made in the muscle, damage is formed, micro-rupture, so such actions are more painful for the dog.
It is best to stab in the thigh, there is a massive muscle. An injection is made at an angle of 90o, the needle is inserted into small dogs no deeper than 1.5 cm, representatives of large breeds – 3.5 cm. The medicine should be administered slowly. If it gets into a vessel or in a dense area, the syringe is removed, the needle is changed, the injection site is treated with an antiseptic, and the injection is made in another area.
If you make mistakes, you can get a hematoma or even suppuration, and the dog can temporarily limp if it hits a nerve. You can help with an iodine grid or applications of magnesia. If you have prolonged soreness, you should visit a doctor.
Only a person with professional medical or veterinary training and knowledge of the animal’s anatomy can independently administer intravenous injections and droppers to a dog. Otherwise, there is a risk of seriously harming the pet or even causing its death.
In case of complex diseases or injuries that require regular injections, the owner has a choice — to perform the procedures independently, go to the clinic every day to get injections from veterinarians, or place the dog in a hospital where the animal will receive full care and regular administration of the necessary drugs.