One of the indicators of a cat’s health is its normal weight. If you pick up a street animal or take care of it after an illness, you will face the problem of exhaustion. An emaciated cat needs diet therapy. It is important to know how and what to feed, so as not to harm.
Signs of exhaustion
Under exhaustion, we understand weight loss of more than 10% of the total body weight. This phenomenon causes an energy imbalance. Exhaustion can occur in sick and aged cats, appears during estrus, after childbirth and feeding kittens, and becomes a consequence of stress.
Owners do not always turn to the veterinarian, as the ward may have an appetite and be active. However, significant weight loss can be caused by a serious medical condition. If you notice any warning signs, you should consult a specialist.
Which indicates exhaustion:
- the animal is listless and apathetic;
- the figure resembles an hourglass;
- my stomach sank;
- there is no fat layer on the ribs.
Before you start to fatten an emaciated cat, cure the disease or remove the acute condition. Even the best quality food on the clock will not work and will only cause disorder of the gastrointestinal tract.
Natural food for an exhausted cat
You can not give food from the common table to a weakened animal. It is undesirable to give dry food, as it is necessary to chew and digest it with a large expenditure of energy, which is in short supply for an exhausted cat. Dry food also causes extreme thirst, and a state of exhaustion can be accompanied by refusal to drink. Give natural food or buy ready-made wet food.
A weakened animal needs high-calorie food. Weight should grow not at the expense of fat, but at the expense of muscle, so it is very important to consume a lot of protein. At least 50% of the diet of an exhausted cat is meat, but not pork! Fatty foods are banned, as the animal’s liver can not cope with the load.
Give raw and prepare only fresh products.
What is allowed to give:
- cooked meat – chicken breast, Turkey, beef, lamb, rabbit;
- raw meat – beef without veins, Turkey;
- offal – raw beef liver, boiled beef heart (rolled through a meat grinder);
- cooked sea fish;
- raw eggs – chicken, quail;
- dairy products – low-fat kefir, cottage cheese, sour cream, yogurt without filler (in the absence of diarrhea);
- cereals – buckwheat, rice, oatmeal, bran;
- drink – rice broth, low-fat chicken broth;
- baby meat food in jars.
Emaciated cats are given shredded food so that they don’t waste energy chewing large chunks. So that the young pet does not refuse to eat – chop it with a blender. If the cat is an adult, then finely chop the food. Whet a weak appetite with something that smells appealing or crunchy, but give a very small piece.
The food should not be hot, warm it up to room temperature. If the cat did not eat the food immediately, then put it in the refrigerator to offer later.
Ready-made purchased food
Some cat food manufacturers offer special options for gaining weight when you are exhausted. This food is characterized by a high content of fat and protein, useful substances that will help the animal recover faster. The paste-like consistency makes it easier for the cat to eat its food. The absorption of special medicinal food will not waste a lot of energy.
High-protein foods are another option for an overly thin cat to quickly gain weight. To maximize the effect of such a meal, make sure that the protein source is first indicated in the composition – rabbit, chicken, beef, etc.it is good if the composition contains a source of taurine.
Together with the prepared food, a weakened cat can be supported with biologically active and vitamin supplements, but only after consulting with a veterinarian.
Feeding schedule and volumes
Whether you choose natural food or store-bought food, follow these rules:
- fractional meals – 5-6 times a day;
- small portions – first meals start with 20 grams, gradually increasing the portions
- breaks between feedings – 3 hours, with a gradual increase in the interval.
Calculate the daily food allowance for the animal as follows: weight multiplied by 70. Then the daily allowance is divided by the number of meals. This way you will know the volume of one serving.
For example, an animal weighs 3 kg:
- The daily norm is 3 kg x 70 = 210 grams per day.
- For one meal – 210 : 5-6 = 30-40 grams.
It is advisable to feed the cat at the same time. This contributes to weight gain due to the acceleration of metabolism and activation of metabolic processes.
It is not difficult to fatten an emaciated cat. When the animal gains weight and gets stronger – do not get carried away with high-calorie food. Otherwise, the cat is at risk of becoming obese, and being overweight is just as bad as being underweight.
Hi, my name is Mike Fletcher. I am 36 years old and a veterinarian at a veterinary clinic in Granby Colorado. And this is my blog about Pets. I hope I can answer your questions here.