In the diagnosis and assessment of the General state of the animal’s body, one of the main information providers is urine. Its analysis allows you to determine the presence of foci of inflammation, infection, malfunctions of organs and systems. The accuracy of the results largely depends on the correct collection of urine. Errors and violations in this process can lead to incorrect diagnosis and ineffective treatment. Usually, tests are taken by specialists in a veterinary clinic. But there are situations when this procedure has to be carried out by the owners. You should know how to properly conduct a fence in order to get an accurate result during the study.
Reasons for taking a urine test
Examination of the urine test is necessary if the cat has symptoms indicating the presence of pathologies in the bladder, urinary tract. These include:
- frequent but unsuccessful trips to the tray;
- changes in the color of urine, the appearance of blood in it, pus;
- painful emptying of the bladder, accompanied by loud meowing;
- the appearance of a sharp smell in the urine;
- ignoring the tray.
If the cat often goes to the tray, but there are no results, it may develop kidney failure, blocked urinary tract. In this case, you need urgent help from a veterinarian. The normal color of cat urine is light yellow, if it is darkened – there is a violation in the urinary system.
The appearance of bloody inclusions may be the result of damage to the channel by the exiting stone. Pus in the urine appears in infectious processes.
With inflammation of the urethra, kidneys – during the emptying of the bladder, pain appears, causing the cat to meow loudly. In healthy animals, urine does not have a sharp smell. Its appearance indicates the multiplication of bacteria in the genitourinary organs. Not always ignoring the tray is the cat’s revenge, its desire to mark its territory. This may be incontinence, which appeared due to the disease.
Methods of sampling analysis
There are several ways to collect urine from cats. Not all of them can be used at home. You can collect the analysis:
- urine collector;
- from the tray, toilet.
Cystocentesis for urine sampling is used by specialists in veterinary hospitals. During the procedure, the abdominal wall and bladder are punctured with a needle. Catheterization is also performed by a veterinarian. This technique is used when self-urination is not possible. A catheter is inserted into the pet’s bladder, and the urine exits through a tube.
At home, you can use a urinal designed for babies. You can make a collection of urine from the tray, if before that it was well cleaned, disinfected. Some owners teach cats to urinate in the toilet. To collect the analysis, block the drain, put a film of polyethylene. After urinating, pour the urine into a container.
Features of cystocentesis
The main advantage of cystocentesis is the guarantee of sterility and accuracy of the results of the analysis. It is highly undesirable to perform such a procedure without medical skills. If such experience is available, it is possible to carry out a fence of urine from a cat in the home. During the procedure, the pet can:
- stand still;
- lie on your back;
- lie on your side.
You need to make every effort to calm the cat, it should remain motionless until the needle is removed. If you choose the right position, the place of introduction, the animal will not feel pain.
You need to calm your pet not only to prevent sudden movements. In a relaxed body, the bladder is easier to feel. Further actions are as follows:
- find the bubble, fix it;
- gently move the organ towards you;
- gently, slowly insert the needle into the skin;
- continue the introduction until the cannula is in contact with the body;
- complete the fence, relax the bubble, and carefully remove the needle.
Usually, after this procedure, there are no negative consequences. A hematoma may form at the point where the needle is inserted, and it will gradually resolve itself. If the vagus nerve was irritated during the fence, shortness of breath, vomiting, and hiccups may appear. The risk of rupture of the bladder appears if there is a urethral obstruction. Veterinarians, when detecting this pathology, choose a different method of collecting urine.
Specifics of catheterization
Catheterization is performed only in extreme cases. This method has a high risk of infection in the urinary system. But this procedure is necessary for urolithiasis, the presence of malignant tumors, urethral obstruction. Before installing the catheter, a massage is performed to reduce or move the sand plugs. In some cases, after this procedure, the ability to urinate is restored.
Anesthesia in catheterization is not always used, the animal has the opportunity to survive the procedure without anesthesia. It additionally uses drugs that dissolve stones and sand jams. The catheter is installed by a veterinarian, after which medications are prescribed to eliminate the risk of infections and eliminate painful symptoms. Usually prescribed:
- anti-inflammatory drugs;
- antibacterial drugs.
The doctor may also prescribe anesthetics.
Using a urine collector
You can perform the analysis using a urine collector. If there is no special device for animals, you can buy a device intended for babies at the pharmacy. The edges of the container in which the urine will be collected are treated with an adhesive compound. It should be fixed in the genital area. Most likely, the pet will be dissatisfied with the presence of a foreign object on the body, and will make every effort to remove it. You need to put on a diaper that will block access to the urine collector.
Use this device for collecting urine as follows:
- wash and disinfect your hands;
- remove the container from the packaging;
- remove the protective tape;
- secure the container in the genital area;
- put on a diaper.
When the container is full, the urine collector is carefully removed, and the urine is poured into a container that needs to be prepared in advance.
Fence from the tray
The easiest way, which does not require much trouble, is to collect urine in a tray. But the container must be washed clean. Alcohol is used for disinfection. It dries quickly and leaves no smell. Urine is taken from the tray with a syringe.
The problem can be created by the cat’s unwillingness to go to the tray, which does not have filler. Some Pets flatly refuse an empty container. In this case, a special kit will help. It is difficult to find it in pet stores, usually they are sold in a pharmacy at a veterinary clinic. The kit includes transparent plastic fractions and a pipette for collecting urine. The liquid does not penetrate the granules, they can be used repeatedly. After collecting urine, they can be washed, dried, and used as needed.
If a special set could not be found, you can use instead of plastic pellets pieces of foam, pebbles for filling aquariums.