Cat owners sometimes complain that their pet, who regularly visited the tray, began to behave badly — puddles appear in the wrong places, and the cat worries and meows before going to the toilet. Most likely, this situation indicates that the pet has health problems related to the genitourinary system. One of the most unpleasant and painful pathologies is cystitis in a cat, which brings a lot of suffering to the animal.
It is very important for owners to know the main symptoms of cystitis in cats, as well as how to treat it, how to keep and feed their pet, in order to prevent relapses of the disease after a course of treatment.
What is cystitis?
The cat’s bladder is an organ of the excretory system located in the small pelvis of the animal. It receives urine from the kidneys, which is then removed from the body through the urethra. The bladder itself looks like a hollow SAC, lined with a submucosal layer from the inside, and is covered with a mucous membrane with a large number of blood vessels.
When emptying, the bladder shrinks, and when filled, it straightens, as a result of which the mucous membrane constantly experiences loads. If there is an inflammation of this mucous membrane, then this pathological process is called cystitis.
Types of cystitis
Depending on how the disease proceeds, there are:
- acute cystitis;
- chronic cystitis in cats.
The acute form has the most pronounced symptoms and brings the animal more suffering, while cystitis in the chronic form sometimes occurs almost asymptomatically, but causes significant damage to the cat’s health. Exacerbation of the disease can occur at any time, and, in addition, the constant inflammatory process in the body reduces the pet’s immunity and shortens its life span.
That is why you should not calm down if the cat does not have bright manifestations of the disease, but you should constantly follow the recommendations of doctors and monitor its health, follow the recommended feeding regimen, etc.
If as a result of inflammatory processes in the bladder, blood vessels are damaged, and the cat has blood in the urine, this means that your pet has hemorrhagic cystitis. It can also be acute or chronic. The acute form is dangerous because the animal may have a lower hemoglobin, a blood clot or intoxication of the body.
The main reason for the chronic form of hemorrhagic cystitis is a kidney stone disease of cats causing injury to the lining of the bladder.
Idiopathic cystitis in cats causes veterinarians special difficulties in diagnosis. It would seem that all the symptoms of cystitis are present, but there is no single cause that causes these signs. Therefore, if you suspect idiopathic cystitis, the doctor prescribes a particularly thorough examination.
The owner should respond to the first “bells” that notify about problems, because the launched cystitis is treated for a long time and has a high percentage of relapses.
How it manifests in cats
In order not to miss the onset of the disease, you need to know how cystitis manifests in cats and what its symptoms look like.
The initial symptoms of cystitis should be attributed to stress received by the cat, or to some other disease – this is frequent urination, abdominal pain, restless behavior. Over time, the signs of pathology become more pronounced:
- the cat often runs to the tray, as the inflammation causes a feeling of fullness of the bladder;
- during urination, the animal worries and meows plaintively due to the pain felt during the process;
- the cat begins to make puddles all over the house, trying to get in the eyes of the owner and as if hinting at his problem;
- the color of the urine changes: it may become dark, cloudy, with an unpleasant smell, with blood or pus;
- when feeling or stroking the stomach, you feel that it is tight and painful;
- the cat during rest shifts from one side to the other, trying to reduce the pain;
- after emptying, the animal crawls out of the tray, dragging its hind legs;
- as the disease progresses, urination becomes difficult, and often the cat sits down on the tray to no avail;
- inflammation causes a rise in temperature.
Do not try to diagnose your pet yourself and start treatment at home, as practically the same manifestations are inherent in urolithiasis.
Entrust your pet to an experienced veterinarian, and the diagnosis will be made correctly, which means that your pet will not have to drink extra pills, and you will save your time and money.
Why the disease occurs
Cystitis can be either a separate disease, that is, its root cause is inflammation of the bladder mucosa, or it can be a consequence of other pathological processes in the body.
- Cystitis as a primary disease occurs as a result of cat hypothermia. For example, your furry pet went on a spree in cold weather or slept for a long time on a tile in an unheated room — this will be the impetus for the development of the disease. Cats with reduced immunity have a special predisposition to primary cystitis.
- Infectious or viral diseases also provoke the development of inflammation of the bladder. First, the bacteria can infect the kidneys, and then the pathogens descend and cause problems with other organs. Also, the inflammation can be ascending and begin with the urethra, and then spread all the way to the kidneys. In any case, the development of bacterial infection of the pelvic organs is a serious threat to the health of the cat.
A virus that is initially accompanied by sneezing and a runny nose can also cause cystitis. If symptoms of bladder inflammation are observed against the background of a viral infection, then in parallel with the treatment of the virus, it is necessary to start treatment for cystitis.
- Chronic diseases of the body play an important role in the occurrence of cystitis in cats, since the complications of such diseases are not always predictable and can cause problems with the bladder.
- Improper diet, poor quality food, lack of drinking-all this provokes the formation of stones in the genitourinary system. As a result, the urinary tract becomes clogged, the mucous membrane of the bladder is irritated and pathogenic microorganisms develop rapidly in it, which causes cystitis.
- Obesity and a sedentary lifestyle are the problems that are inherent in some of the neutered cats and spayed cats. But the state of the body after castration or sterilization causes stagnation of blood in the genital area, accumulation of salts and mucus in the urethra and can also cause cystitis. Because of the structure of the genitourinary system, cystitis is rare in cats, but the long and winding urinary canal in cats is much more likely to contribute to the occurrence of this disease.
- During licking, cats can transfer worms from the anus to the urethra, where they release toxins and cause secondary cystitis.
- With idiopathic cystitis, the causes of the disease are very difficult to determine, since all body systems work normally, and the inflammation does not go away. Most often, this type of cystitis is observed in neutered cats with excessive weight and low mobility.
- Injuries in the pelvic area can also give an impetus to the development of cystitis.
Despite the fact that the signs of cystitis are quite eloquent, you should not make a diagnosis and self-medicate. Not all medicinal herbs and preparations are suitable for your pet, so the treatment of cystitis in cats should be carried out by a professional.
In the veterinary clinic, the animal will be assigned several tests:
- A General urine test will show the presence or absence of certain substances that indicate inflammation: protein, mucus, salts, blood, pus, etc. A bacteriological urine culture may also be performed to determine the presence of pathogens.
- General clinical and biochemical blood analysis.
- Smear that determines the presence of pathogenic microflora in the genital tract.
- Ultrasound of the pelvic organs.
- Checking the bladder with a special device.
Only after evaluating the entire set of results is adequate therapy prescribed.
How to treat
After the diagnosis, the veterinarian will prescribe a comprehensive treatment for your pet. Most often it will include the following items:
- Taking antibiotics. Even if the tests show that your pet does not have bacterial cystitis, then antibiotics for cystitis in cats are prescribed to prevent its development, since pathogenic microorganisms very quickly penetrate and spread in the inflamed bladder. In order not to poison the cat with ineffective medications, it is necessary to determine the reaction of bacteria to certain antibiotics. Usually, veterinarians prescribe cats an antibacterial drug of the penicillin series “Sinulox”, which destroys all pathogenic microflora that causes cystitis. The reception of “Synulox” is held during the week, dosing strictly appropriate to the weight of a pet. In severe cases, the doctor may prescribe injections of antibiotics that are faster and more effective.
- In parallel, you need to take medication from the probiotic group to eliminate problems with the gastrointestinal tract.
- The use of hemostatic drugs for hemorrhagic cystitis, which prevent the development of anemia and intoxication.
- Taking antispasmodics relaxes the muscles and helps to facilitate the process of urination in cats and increase the volume of urine released.
- Treatment of the disease that caused the development of cystitis. This is very important, because if urolithiasis or some chronic disease is not treated, then cystitis will become a constant companion of the pet.
- In the case of idiopathic cystitis, the treatment is complicated by the fact that do not understand the cause of the disease, so it is often prescribe medicines that relieves symptoms, such as herbal teas for the treatment of cystitis, certain antibiotics, etc.
- Diuretic herbs Supplement therapy with medicinal drugs and help speed up the recovery process.
How to take care of a cat after recovery?
We have already mentioned that cystitis is an insidious disease and easily returns, once the cat has a cold, gets very nervous or starts eating other food. Therefore, we recommend that owners of furry Pets follow the rules that will help avoid relapses:
- The animal should not be overcooled either at home or on the street. Therefore, it is better for a cat to sleep not on a bare floor, but on a warm bed, and it is also worth excluding walks in cold weather.
- The cat must have proper nutrition, selected taking into account the existing disease. From ready-made food, those that are intended for the prevention of urolithiasis are suitable.
- Exclude abdominal injuries in cats and their fall from a height.
- Create a calm environment for the cat in the house, that is, try not to scold the animal, do not frighten, do not allow children to play with it too actively.
- Provide constant access to clean water, which will avoid stagnation of fluid in the bladder and wash out pathogenic bacteria.
- Carry out timely vaccination of the animal so that the cat does not get infected with infectious and viral diseases.
From our article, you understand that it is possible to cure cystitis in a cat if you quickly make a diagnosis and follow all the recommendations of doctors, and you can avoid this difficult disease if you conduct competent prevention. We wish health to your mustachioed Pets!
Hi, my name is Mike Fletcher. I am 36 years old and a veterinarian at a veterinary clinic in Granby Colorado. And this is my blog about Pets. I hope I can answer your questions here.