Gum Inflammation In Dogs: Causes, Prevention And Treatment

Inflammation of the gums in dogs or, as it is commonly called in veterinary practice, gingivitis – a pathological process of bacterial origin. Many owners believe that the diseases of the mouth are not dangerous for Pets. However, veterinarians say that such ailments can adversely affect the health of the dog.

Complications of such pathologies include abscesses of almost all internal organs. To avoid an exacerbation of the disease, you need to take your pet to the vet as soon as possible.

Often dog breeders confuse gingivitis with hyperplasia, which is absolutely not worth doing. Hyperplasia is an overgrowth of tissue. It occurs due to an increase in the number of cells in the organ/tissue. Hyperplasia is manifested by swelling of the gums, an increase in their mass. The treatment of the disease differs from the treatment given for gingivitis.


Gums can become inflamed for various reasons. So at risk are animals that have Tartar under their gums. Despite the fact that it is difficult to notice, it causes a lot of inconvenience. In dogs, Tartar irritates the gums and contributes to the development of inflammatory processes. As a result, periodontitis and periodontal disease develop, growths, fistulas, and abscesses are formed.

Another reason lies in the bones that owners “pamper” their Pets. Under the influence of sharp fangs, the bones split and literally cut the gums with their sharp edges. To protect your pet from oral diseases, you need to make a clear feeding schedule. In dogs that eat haphazardly, food residues accumulate between the teeth and cause an inflammatory process.

At risk are quadrupeds that have reached an advanced age. Older dogs often have hyperplasia (tissue overgrowth) and all sorts of neoplasms. Diagnosis is performed by taking a biopsy material for histology.

Most often, gum inflammation affects small and decorative breeds, such as Pekingese, Yorkshire Terrier, Dachshund, Chihuahua, lapdog, toy Terrier, Cocker Spaniel, poodle dwarf and small.

Tips and recommendations

Often dog breeders ask the question “What to do if the dog’s gums bleed?”. First of all, it is necessary to examine the animal’s oral cavity. To do this, hold the pet’s muzzle with one hand from below, and lift its lips with the other, exposing its teeth and gums.

To examine not only the outer, but also the inner part of the mouth, you should open the dog’s jaws. If the bleeding was caused by gum inflammation, it can be detected by a fetid smell, swollen red gums.

You need to treat this disease with the help of a veterinarian, but in some cases you can alleviate the condition of the animal by washing the mouth. To do this, decoctions of anti – inflammatory drugs are used-sage, chamomile, as well as an infusion of oak bark.

To avoid repeated inflammation, it is recommended to pay attention to the following preventive measures:

  • regular brushing of teeth;
  • use of chlorhexidine, special food and toys designed to fight plaque;
  • clear (system) feeding mode;
  • combination of soft and hard food;
  • inclusion in the diet of vitamins – B, PP, C.
  • if necessary – mechanical/ultrasonic cleaning in a veterinary clinic.

How can a veterinarian help you?

Treatment of the inflammatory process involves the elimination of the primary disease that provoked the problem. In addition, local and General treatment of gums is practiced. First of all, the veterinarian removes growths of Tartar that irritate and injure the gums, and grinds some teeth.

Before performing any manipulations, the oral cavity is treated with disinfecting solutions – hydrogen peroxide, chlorhexidine, furacilin. Stone growths are removed under sedation (a more gentle procedure than anesthesia) or under conductive anesthesia.

Treatment should be comprehensive. Among the auxiliary methods include::

  • gum massage;
  • physical therapy;
  • electrophoresis of heparin solution.

What the owner should know

To recognize the disease at the initial stage, the dog owner must know how the disease manifests itself.

The main symptoms include:

  • excessive salivation;
  • swollen, puffy face;
  • unpleasant smell from the mouth;
  • bleeding gums (mainly when pressed);
  • problems with appetite, difficulty chewing solid food;
  • changing the color of teeth;
  • unusually red gums, the appearance of ulcers (when the inflammatory process turns into a chronic form);
  • pus discharge;
  • blood impurities in saliva (a symptom of gum tissue damage);
  • gradual separation of the gums from the teeth, the formation of “pockets” in which food gets;
  • growths.

Both gingivitis and hyperplasia are successfully treated. To prevent the development of complications, it is necessary to carefully monitor the health of the pet and promptly respond to any changes in its health.