One of the most common diseases of budgerigars is inflammation of the goiter. Goiter is a SAC – like extension of the esophagus where food enters before it ends up in the stomach and begins to be digested. Goiter inflammation is a serious disease that you need to see an ornithologist.
Symptoms of the disease
Symptoms of goiter inflammation can easily be confused with signs of banal poisoning or a cold, these symptoms may make you think that it is a slight malaise and miss the moment when you need to start treatment immediately. Be attentive to the behavior of a feathered pet, it will tell you that the parrot is not feeling well.
- the parrot is apathetic;
- he sits with his head bowed and his brow furrowed;
- does not contact the owner.
Inflammation of the goiter prevents the bird from eating, so the parrot refuses to eat, and if it eats, it burps. Belching occurs several times a day and can cause pain.
Goiter inflammation can be diagnosed by palpation. If you carefully touch the sore spot, you will feel something accumulated inside. Another symptom is an unpleasant smell from the beak. The goiter SAC itself increases in size, can be shifted, and the parrot’s plumage rises in this place.
The accumulation of mucus and food remnants inside the goiter makes the parrot reflexively push it out. So the manifestation of the disease is the release of mucus through the nasal passages. On the plumage, you can notice vomit, the feathers themselves stick together. If the parrot swallows the mucus, the pathogen will enter the body and affect the gastrointestinal tract. This will cause the parrot to have diarrhea.
It is important to notice signs of goiter inflammation in a timely manner and consult a doctor. The sooner you do this, the better the chances of a successful cure. Veterinary ornithologists distinguish several stages of the disease:
- The first stage is raised plumage in the goiter area, salivation during food absorption, and preservation of appetite;
- The second stage – the appearance of symptoms from the gastrointestinal tract, the complexity of food intake, the appearance of vomiting, mucus;
- The third stage – the goiter begins to press on the lungs, wheezing appears, breathing becomes difficult, so the pet can sit with its beak open.
- The fourth stage – the throat sags, the ability to eat independently disappears.
At the last stage of the disease without treatment, the bird, unfortunately, will die.
If you notice that the goiter has increased in size – watch the bird, and at the first signs of malaise, contact an ornithologist. It is critical to start treatment in the first 2-3 days after the onset of the disease.
What causes the disease
Inflammation of the goiter or ingluvitis provokes several causes. One of the main ones is poor nutrition. Sometimes inflammation of the goiter in a parrot is caused by pathogens. Experts note that the disease provokes a number of several things that add up to improper care of a feathered pet.
What causes the development of the inflammatory process:
- Inappropriate food – low-quality food, food from your table. It is unacceptable to give the bird grain that has already begun to “ferment”. The process of digesting food will be difficult, the gastrointestinal tract will react with unpleasant symptoms. The situation is similar to bloating in humans.
- Poisoning – can be from any toxic substance, for example, insecticide. It will get into the parrot’s body if you give it food processed from insects. What is not dangerous for people can greatly harm the bird.
- Bacterial infection – infection occurs when a bird drinks dirty water or eats bad food. Pathogenic bacteria enter the goiter and destroy the mucous membrane, causing inflammation.
- “Oversaturation” with sand – sand is useful for parrots, but in small quantities. If there is too much of it, then its particles scratch the mucous membrane and provoke an inflammatory process.
- Overeating – the parrot must eat not only correctly, but also in moderation. In his diet, along with grain, soft food must be present. The constant use of coarse food will harm the bird.
How to treat inflammation of the goiter
Ingluvitis is a disease that cannot be treated at home on its own. A doctor’s appointment is mandatory, because a bird can’t go without food for more than 12 hours.
At an appointment with an ornithologist, the doctor will determine what caused the inflammatory process. To determine the cause and make a treatment regimen, a goiter smear will help, and you will also need to wash it. At home, this procedure is not carried out – entrust it to a specialist who will ensure sterility. Washing will remove food, stones, or other items that could cause inflammation from the goiter. Simultaneously with washing, the doctor will treat the affected area with antibiotics.
When prescribing treatment, the doctor may recommend antibiotics if the disease was caused by pathogens. In all other cases, these serious drugs are not prescribed. The course of taking antibiotics should end with taking probiotics to restore the gastrointestinal tract. In addition to medications to strengthen the gastrointestinal tract and liver, the doctor may prescribe immunomodulators and enzymes that improve digestion.
Treatment of goiter inflammation in the budgerigar involves following a diet. It is best to transfer the bird to a special medicinal food. The alternative is soft food. You can not feed hard food during the treatment period! Let’s have a light rice porridge, steamed oats, a mixture of cereals. Porridge should not be dry, so that there is no irritation of the mucous membrane. If the bird refuses to eat, feed it forcibly.
For a successful cure, it is important to observe sanitary standards – keep the cage and all items in it clean. Timely treatment will allow the parrot to recover quickly. And to support it during the treatment period and prevent the disease from attacking again after recovery, take care of heating the feathered pet. It is best to use a special UV light lamp. Before you start such a supportive therapy, consult with an ornithologist-he will tell you what lamp power to choose and how long the parrot will be under radiation.
Prevention of goiter inflammation
Birds have a very sensitive digestive system. To avoid inflammation of the goiter, the budgerigar should be properly cared for. Here are a few rules that will be an excellent prevention of the disease:
- do not give low-quality food that has expired;
- do not overuse solid food – the parrot’s diet should contain enough soft food;
- do not feed your feathered pet food from your table.
After suffering from goiter inflammation, thoroughly disinfect the cell and all the things in it. This way you will avoid re-infection. Make it a habit to regularly wash toys, feeders, and drinking bowls with hot water. Remove the parrot’s waste products from the cage in a timely manner.
Take good care of your feathered pet, monitor its health and do not hesitate to consult a doctor at the first sign of problems with goiter. Then the bird will be cured quickly and will feel good again.