German Spitz — charming fluffy dogs, endowed with extraordinary leadership habits, courage and stubbornness. It is no coincidence that breeders lovingly call these dogs “little Napoleons”.
Origin of the breed
German Spitz belong to the oldest breeds. It is believed that their ancestors were peat dogs that lived in Central Europe 2.5 millennia ago.
The beginning and formation of German Spitz occurred in Germany in the XVIII century. Spitz breeding was carried out EN masse, and each region had its own type of breed: Wolfspitz, grossspitz, mittelspitz, kleinspitz, zwergspitz.
The surge in popularity occurred in the XIX century, when the Pomeranian could be seen in almost every rich house. Animals were fabulously expensive and equated to jewelry. The first breed standard was adopted in 1891, at the same time the first club of German Spitz lovers was created.
In the USA, Spitz became popular only in the early 2000s, so there are not many kennels where you can buy a purebred puppy.
The breed standard
The breed standard approved by the FCI in 2013 is currently in effect. Despite the growth of the species, the breed has a common exterior indicators:
- The head is medium-sized, broad at the back, tapering smoothly to the nose. The nose is most often black, with a brown color — brown.
- Eyes are round or oblong, dark. The eyelids are black or brown.
- The ears are straight and erect, with pointed tips.
- The jaws are well developed. The bite is scissor-like.
- The neck is broad, the nape of the neck is convex.
- The body is proportional. The sternum is deep, with a pronounced anterior section. Short croup, belly tucked up.
- The limbs are taut and muscular. Paws are rounded, with dense pads.
- The tail is lush, mobile, close to the back and forming a double ring.
The coat is thick, straight, supported by a dense undercoat. Most of the fur on the front of the body and neck, so the collar can be compared to a lion’s mane.
As for height and color, it all depends on the type of breed:
- wolfsspitz — reddish gray color, height 43-45 cm;
- grossspits — black, white, brown colors, height — 42-50 cm;
- mittelspitz — white, brown, black, red, height — 30-38 cm;
- kleinspitz — diverse colors, height — 23-29 cm;
- zwergspitz — any color is acceptable, height — 18-22 see
White color is the rarest, and these Spitz are much more expensive than their black or red counterparts.
Character of the German Spitz
In addition to the outstanding exterior, these cute dogs have loyalty and loyalty, unparalleled courage and empathy. The dog adores its owner, misses him and is ready to withstand even all the hardships of long trips, just not to be separated from a loved one. If that is in danger, the brave Spitz will rush to the rescue, even if the size of the enemy is several times larger than his own.
The character of the German Spitz is good-natured, affectionate and playful. They adore small children and are happy to take part in childish fun. At the same time, they accompany each of their actions with loud barking, which can cause the displeasure of neighbors. However, if desired, the baby can easily be weaned from this habit. Spitz are very smart and quick-witted, so they will show the reaction that the owner wants them to see.
The dog needs to be walked to give him the opportunity to throw out energy. Since Spitz are very inquisitive, during walking it should always be kept in sight, so that an active and curious pet does not get hit by a car.
Luxurious fluffy Pomeranian coat requires regular thorough combing at least once a week with a brush with long metal teeth. During molting, which occurs twice a year, the procedure is performed daily. To remove dead hair, a fluffer and a soft brush are used.
Frequent bathing is not necessary for German Spitz, as they do not have a specific smell and are very clean. But detergents can damage the unique structure of the wool. In case of heavy dirt, you can use a dry shampoo or brush. You still need to bathe Spitz, but no more than 1 time in 2 months using a soft shampoo with natural oils. After bathing, a fluffy fur coat should be dried with a hair dryer.
Necessary hygiene procedures include cleaning the ears and teeth, wiping the eyes, and trimming the claws.
Large and medium-sized Spitz can be kept both in an apartment and in a private house, as they easily adapt to any living conditions. The fluffy thick coat allows them to withstand even severe frosts. And here is a small Spitz designed exclusively for a comfortable urban environment.
German Pomeranians are in good health and have virtually no genetic abnormalities. The life span of dogs is 12-16 years.
Since Spitz are prone to obesity, you need to monitor their diet, do not overfeed, provide physical activity and long walks. Being overweight will negatively affect your pet’s health and can lead to the development of serious diseases.
Shpits are often diagnosed with epilepsy and cardiological diseases. Since they are inherited, before buying a puppy, you need to familiarize yourself with its pedigree. Hip dysplasia manifests itself in a mild degree and will not cause discomfort to the dog.
Another common pathology among German Spitz is hypothyroidism. Violation of the thyroid gland reduces the animal’s standard of living and negatively affects the functioning of all organs.
In order for a pet to live as long as possible, you should regularly take it to a veterinary clinic for examination and do not neglect routine vaccinations.
How to choose a German Spitz puppy
If you decide to have a German Spitz puppy, contact a specialized kennel. In any case, you can not buy a dog on the market or on an ad on the Internet, because in this case you have no confidence in the purebred and health of the baby.
The breeder must provide you with a puppy metric, pedigree, registration documents, a list of vaccinations and a reminder of future vaccinations. In addition, it is his responsibility to inform about the features of feeding. A puppy born in a kennel must have a brand.
Inspect the room where the puppies are kept. It should be warm, spacious and clean. Choose the strongest and most active baby, while paying attention to its appearance. The coat should be shiny and smell nice, the skin should fit snugly to the body and not have redness and flaking.
In a healthy baby, the eyes are clean, the nose is moist and cool, the color of the gums is pink.
Pros and cons of the breed
If you decide to take a dog into the house and decide on the breed, thoroughly study all the advantages and disadvantages in order to avoid “surprises”.
The advantages of the German Spitz:
- charming appearance;
- good health;
- loyalty, courage;
- mind and intelligence;
- loyalty to other Pets;
- good attitude to children;
- lack of aggression.
The disadvantages of the breed include:
- loud barking;
- strong shedding;
- a thorough grooming.
However, German Spitz dogs are so cute and charming that the breed’s shortcomings do not stop people from wanting to get such a smart, beautiful and loyal dog.