Frequent discharge of urine in cats occurs for various reasons — pathological or physiological. However, whatever they are, the owner should immediately respond to this phenomenon and show the four-legged pet to the veterinarian.
Causes of the disease
Urine excretion is a necessary physiological process that removes toxins from the body. A pathological condition in which the cat pees more often than usual, indicates a violation of the urinary system and in veterinary medicine is called pollakiuria.
This term is understood as too frequent allocation of urine that goes beyond the daily norm of the cat while maintaining a normal volume. Pollakiuria is not an independent disease, but a harbinger of diseases of various organs and systems.
The pathological causes that cause frequent urination include:
- diabetes mellitus;
- urinary tract infections;
- kidney and liver failure;
- baklagina (cats);
- malignant and benign tumors that cause compression of the bladder and its mechanical emptying;
- Central diabetes insipidus;
- purulent inflammation of the uterus (pyometra);
- Cushing’s syndrome;
- kidney diseases (nephrosis, amyloidosis);
- urinary incontinence;
- Addison’s disease.
Often the cat pees more often than usual because of stressful situations that he had to go through.
A change of residence, the appearance of another pet in the house, noisy companies, and even an ordinary car ride to a veterinary clinic can negatively affect the animal’s psyche and lead to a reflex contraction of the bladder. When the cat calms down, he will go to the tray as before.
Another factor in portioned urination is that cats reach a certain age when they begin to show sexual activity. Leaving marks is a normal phenomenon that has nothing to do with the disease. Thus, the cat shows that it is the owner of its territory.
Other signs that provoke the release of urine include old age, extreme thirst, hypothermia, taking certain medications (anticonvulsants, cortisone, diuretics, etc.).
Which breeds are more susceptible
Pollakiuria can occur in any animal, regardless of age and gender. The most susceptible to this pathology due to anatomical features are representatives of such breeds as Siamese, Scots, British, Persians.
The main symptoms
Signs of urination disorders are visible to the naked eye: the cat pees more often than usual. If the volume of daily urine output is exceeded, then we are no longer talking about pollakiuria, but polyuria. This can be understood by the cat tray filler.
For example, if you used to change it once a week, and recently — 2-3 times a week, it means that the cat’s body has had a serious failure. For reference: the normal volume of urine released in an adult cat is on average 28 ml (about half a teacup) for 2-3 visits to the tray per day.
Frequent urination may be accompanied by other signs — increased thirst, the release of blood and pus along with urine, fever, weight loss. Due to frequent urination, the water-salt balance is disturbed, and the appearance of the pet worsens.
The coat on the hind legs, belly, and lower part of the tail is constantly wet, emitting an unpleasant smell. Cats, by nature very clean animals, this causes considerable discomfort, forcing them to constantly lick themselves.
It is worth observing the condition of the cat. Perhaps the dry food is too salty or she has overeated it. If pollakiuria is associated with the diet, then after a day urination is normalized.
Diagnostics in the veterinary clinic
To make a correct diagnosis, the veterinarian needs to conduct the necessary diagnostic tests. After visual inspection of the animal and collecting anamnesis, the specialist assigns the cat:
- blood and urine tests;
- Ultrasound of the kidneys, bladder, and abdominal cavity;
- seeding on nutrient media (in case of possible bacterial infection);
- studies on the hormonal antidiuretic complex.
When conducting diagnostics, the veterinarian excludes such factors as increased salt intake, medication, and infusion therapy.
Treatment method and prognosis
There is no single treatment regimen for pollakiuria. Therapeutic procedures are prescribed after diagnosis. As mentioned above, pollakiuria can be a sign of a dangerous disease, so treatment will be aimed at eliminating it.
So, for diabetes, an important stage of treatment is insulin therapy. With the help of a drip infusion of polyionic drugs, the water-salt balance is restored. The key to successful treatment and recovery or maintaining a satisfactory quality of life is nutrition correction and quality care.
It often happens that the pet will be restricted in physical activity for the rest of its life, take appropriate medications and eat exclusively special therapeutic food.
If pollakiuria is caused by stress, then, first of all, it is necessary to eliminate the source of psychoemotional stress. To reduce the negative effects of stress, the veterinarian may prescribe sedatives, such as Stop Stress.
Cat tags are an unpleasant phenomenon, but you can’t punish the animal for it. The best way out of this situation will be castration or a sedative phytohormonal remedy kot Bayun.
To relieve pain, antispasmodics are indicated, and antibiotics and sulfonamides are indicated to eliminate infections.
The prognosis for pollakiuria again depends on the underlying disease. If, for example, we are talking about an infection, then one course of antibiotic therapy is enough. But for malignant and benign diseases, veterinarians are not so optimistic in their forecasts.
What to do at home
The pet owner must follow the instructions of the veterinarian. Self-medication is dangerous for your health! Uncontrolled use of drugs, replacing conservative treatment with folk remedies can cause irreparable harm to the cat’s health.
A sick fuzzy should be provided with good care and proper nutrition. It is also useful to take vitamins, which are also prescribed by a specialist.
Any disease can be prevented with the help of the simplest prevention measures that are known to every experienced cat owner:
- water quality control (bottled, filtered, not raw tap water);
- reasonable physical activity — sedentary animals are more susceptible to pathologies of the urinary system;
- preventing the development of obesity;
- a balanced, nutrient-rich diet;
- regular routine checkups with a veterinarian to detect the disease at the initial stage;
- prevention of hypothermia.
To prevent diseases of the genitourinary system, it is recommended to give the cat a plant-based drug Cotervin 2 times a year.