Elevated Eosinophils in Dogs: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

If a pet is sick, a good owner will immediately take it to a veterinary clinic to exclude dangerous diseases. By external signs, it is not always possible to tell what happened to the dog. More accurate data is provided by a blood test.

Sometimes it shows an increased number of eosinophils. This condition is called eosinophilia.

Causes of the disease

Eosinophils are special white blood cells that can go beyond the circulatory system and accumulate in affected organs, for example, in the digestive organs, in the respiratory system and skin, soft tissues.

These cells are produced in the blood-forming system of the body, mostly concentrated in the peripheral circulatory system and perform a protective function, fighting parasitic infections and other problems. But too high concentration of eosinophils often provokes the development of gastritis and myositis.

The causes of eosinophilia are the following diseases and conditions:

  1. A lot of stress.
  2. Physical impact: injury, burn, frostbite, and so on.
  3. Poisoning.
  4. Helminthiasis.
  5. Allergic reaction.
  6. Bronchial asthma and other diseases of the respiratory system.
  7. Strong inflammatory processes with the formation of pus.
  8. Addison’s Disease.
  9. Tumor processes, especially malignant neoplasms.
  10. Recurrent diseases.

Since there are many reasons that cause changes in the level of eosinophils, it is possible to establish the true disease only with a thorough examination.

The main symptoms

Signs of eosinophilia are directly related to the disease that provoked it. The main symptoms are the following:

  • enlarged liver and spleen;
  • anemia;
  • enlarged lymph nodes;
  • gastritis;
  • digestive disorders, diarrhea;
  • nausea, vomiting;
  • the increase in body temperature;
  • signs of General intoxication — weakness, lethargy, apathy;
  • loss of appetite;
  • weight loss;
  • inflammatory conditions of blood vessels;
  • dry and flaky skin;
  • signs of skin allergic reactions;
  • cough;
  • cyanosis of the mucous membranes;
  • signs of worm infestation and much more.

If such signs are detected, the sick animal should be taken to the veterinarian to make an accurate diagnosis and start treatment.

Diagnostics in a veterinary clinic

To determine the level of eosinophils, the animal will be given a full blood test at the veterinary clinic. But it will only indicate the presence of a problem, and then you will need to undergo a comprehensive examination to identify the main cause of the change in the blood picture.

Treatment method and prognosis

Most often, with eosinophilia, the dog develops a specific form of gastritis. Sharpe and German shepherds are more susceptible to this disease than others. The tendency to develop such a disease is enhanced by improper nutrition with a large number of synthetic products, the presence of helminthiasis, tumor processes and other problems with the digestive organs.

Characteristic signs of eosinophilic gastritis are severe nausea and constant vomiting, which, when passing into a chronic state, lead to severe weakening and exhaustion of the animal. As a result, the skin and hair of the dog also suffer — they become dry, brittle, and damaged.

The dog does not just look thin — it has a bad, dull and falling out coat, clearly unhealthy appearance.

In severe cases and when the dog is exhausted, it is transferred to artificial feeding in the clinic, and special medications are used.

In the presence of a disease, dietary nutrition plays an important role. It is necessary to exclude allergies to food. With a timely response and proper therapy, the prognosis is positive.

If the measures are taken late or the treatment was carried out incorrectly, without consulting an experienced veterinarian, the risk of complications and the transition of the disease to a chronic state increases dramatically. The disease weakens the PSA, as a result of which it becomes a target for many other diseases, especially those of an infectious nature.

What to do at home

When a pet gets better and is allowed to be taken home, like any convalescent, it needs to be provided with calm conditions, warmth and comfort. The animal will be weakened, possibly exhausted, so it should be protected from stress, drafts and hypothermia.

Proper nutrition and the love of the owners play an important role in recovery. The dog needs to be provided with light but high-calorie food, natural products, rest, and a sufficient amount of clean drinking water.

Full recovery and normalization of the blood picture can take a long time.

Possible complications

The type of complication depends on the underlying disease. In case of respiratory disorders, the dog is at risk of severe pneumonia, bronchial asthma and other diseases. Allergic reactions can cause hair loss, inflammation of the skin.

Problems with the digestive system are especially unpleasant, as the dog loses weight, weakens, can not eat properly, and against this background, many dangerous diseases can develop.

The greatest threat is eosinophilia against the background of malignant neoplasms. A cancerous tumor can metastasize, which can quickly cause the death of a pet.


Prevention measures (diet)

You can avoid the disease if you try to provide your pet with the most healthy living conditions. First of all, it is proper nutrition with natural products. To avoid developing gastritis caused by food allergies, you must use only high-quality feed.

If you do not have experience in creating a dog menu, the owners of the animal should seek help from an experienced veterinarian. It will make an optimal diet based on the breed, age of the dog and the presence of certain diseases.

The dog needs to be provided with regular walks and physical activity. It is important to carry out deworming in time, as worms often cause an increase in the number of eosinophils.

It is impossible to completely protect yourself from changes in the blood picture, but it is in the power of the dog’s owner to reduce the risk.