Ear Diseases in Cats: Types and Causes

Ears are probably the most touching part of a cat’s body. Want to touch those Silken petals, and stir them cats preganate, turn in different directions. In some breeds, they stick out like locators, in Scottish folds they are folded in envelopes, which makes Pets look exceptionally cute, in curls they bend back… Ears help the cat keep its balance in almost all situations, even the most dizzy ones. In short, a cat without ears is not a cat.

And, unfortunately, the ears of cats are a very vulnerable place. Cats suffer from otodectosis (inflammation of the ears caused by itchy itch), inflammation of the outer and middle ear, allergies, and ear bruises.

ear diseases in cats

Hematoma of the auricle

They occur when the ear is damaged, when blood accumulates in the cavity caused by mechanical action (bite, bruise, prolonged compression). When an injury occurs, the ear swells, increases in size, and the cat begins to shake its head. The bruise itself is usually clearly visible.

If you have a hematoma of the auricle, you should show the cat to the doctor, so as not to confuse the hematoma with an abscess. If you are absolutely sure that this is a hematoma, and you can not show the cat to the doctor, press the cat’s ears to the back of the head, apply a pressure bandage. And try to get the cat to the doctor as soon as possible, or at least contact him by phone.

Ear mange (otodectosis in)

A disease caused by microscopic skin-eating mites. They are parasitic on the inner surface of the ear and in the external auditory canal. Most often, weakened animals are infected with crowded content, often ticks are transmitted from the mother to kittens.

The disease can be transmitted through flies or fleas. The size of the tick is very small, so it is impossible to see it without a magnifying glass. When infected with ticks, the cat shakes its head, almost constantly scratches its ears, and combs them. In the ears there is a characteristic black plaque and scabs.

With purulent form, a brown purulent mass with an unpleasant smell is released from the ears, and the hair in the lower part of the ear is glued together. In no case should this disease be allowed to take its course. Rupture of the eardrum, inflammation of the middle ear, necrosis (death) of the auricle, meningitis-these are the consequences of untreated otodectosis.

It is advisable not to self-medicate ear mites in cats, but to show the animal to the specialists of the veterinary center as soon as possible. Before visiting the veterinarian, it is advisable not to clean the pet’s ears and not to bury medicines, so as not to blur the clinical picture. If you can’t show the animal to a veterinarian, try getting a consultation over the phone. In a pinch you can use ear drops “bars”, “Timebin” and the drug “Ciples”. Use them according to the instructions and show the cat to the doctor as soon as possible.

Inflammation of the outer, middle and inner ear

The inflammation of the outer ear, usually the result of untreated or undertreated otodektoza. In addition, the cause of the disease may be a sulfur plug, a foreign object, or cold water. A sick cat constantly shakes its head, rubs its ear with its paw, and refuses to eat. The ear, when pressed, is characterized by “squelching”, a brown liquid with an unpleasant smell is released from it. If the disease is advanced, the pus can break through the eardrum and / or go into a chronic form, in which the ear canal may narrow.

Infections (streptococcal, staphylococcal) that occur when animals are improperly kept (dealers at the Poultry market who keep a lot of kittens in boxes, those overexposure of animals where sanitary standards are not observed) are “to blame” for inflammation of the middle and inner ear. When a cat is ill, the temperature rises, it becomes sluggish, and it may have impaired coordination of movements. The animal’s head is tilted towards the affected ear, and pus may flow out of the ear.

Specialists of the veterinary center strongly advise in such cases not to self-medicate, but as soon as possible to show the cat to a specialist who will prescribe the correct treatment. Another possible cause is allergies or metabolic disorders. Allergies can occur to food, to uncontrolled (and even prescribed by a doctor) intake of vitamins, to household chemicals. With metabolic disorders (liver and pancreatic dysfunction), the cat begins to scratch its ears, and a brownish secret accumulates in them. As you can see, the manifestations of all diseases are very similar, so to establish the correct cause of the disease and prescribe adequate treatment, show the animal to the veterinarian.