Every dog breeder sooner or later faces the problem of purulent discharge from the eyes of a dog. The thick green, yellow or gray liquid that forms in the corners of the eyes causes discomfort to the animal. Failure to provide first aid, lack of proper care and untimely request for veterinary care can negatively affect the health of the pet.
Why do dogs have festering eyes?
Pus discharge from the eyes can occur for various reasons. A qualified and experienced veterinarian should determine the source of a possible problem. If the dog’s eyes are suppurating, what are the possible causes? The main causes of copious lacrimation and purulent discharge and eyes are most often:
- irritation (reaction to contact with household chemicals, aggressive chemicals, smoke, sand, etc.);
- microtrauma (if a twig, blade of grass, mote or other foreign body gets into one eye while walking or at home);
- allergic reaction (the dog may be allergic to food, pollen, or medications);
- parasites (if the eyes are festering, it can be caused by fleas, worms, skin mites and other parasitic creatures);
- fungi and bacteria (General and local infection of the dog’s body, detected only by laboratory testing);
- viral disease (eyes fester due to a dangerous virus — rabies, enteritis, plague, etc.);
- conjunctivitis in dogs;
- chronic disease (suppuration of the lacrimal ducts due to “age-related” diseases, a weakened immune system and diseases of the internal organs).
Many dog breeders practically do not pay attention to lacrimation and purulent discharge, believing that everything will pass by itself. However, if suppuration due to allergies, microtrauma or irritation is not particularly dangerous, then the formation of pus due to a viral or chronic disease can lead to adverse consequences, including the death of the animal.
Therefore, it is so important for purulent discharge to show a sick pet to a veterinarian in a timely manner.
When to contact a veterinarian
If the dog clearly shows increased lacrimation and slight itching, then the symptoms are likely to pass in a few days after proper eye care at home. But if there is a strong redness, irritated eyeball and the pet is concerned about severe itching from pus, you should soon visit a veterinarian.
If the eyes are swollen and there are copious amounts of oxidized tears of a reddish or gray hue or a cloudy thick liquid of a yellowish or greenish hue, you should immediately seek veterinary help.
The reason for a mandatory visit to a veterinarian should be a signal in the form of purulent crusts formed in the eyes, which are evidence of neglected cases.
How to give first aid to a pet when pus is released from the eyes
When the first purulent discharge is detected, it is recommended to make an appointment with a veterinarian to identify the cause and protect the dog from the development of inflammatory processes in the body. Before visiting a veterinarian, you can help your pet yourself.
If the dog’s eyes are suppurating, how to properly treat at home or what measures to take to prevent copious purulent discharge?
- Washing the patient’s eyes with furacilin (1 Cup of warm water = 1 tablet) or herbs. You can wash your eyes with chamomile or calendula. A cotton swab is taken and wetted in the prepared solution. Moistened with a cotton swab, wash your eyes 3 times a day. A separate tampon is taken for each eye to avoid infection of the healthy eye. It is allowed to introduce several drops for the eyes of antibacterial action (for example, levomycetin).
- The application of tetracycline ointment under the lower eyelid of the dog. A small amount of ointment is taken and applied with neat pinpoint movements under the slightly drawn lower eyelid of the animal. The main rule: tetracycline ointment should be 1%, no more. Otherwise, the burn is inevitable. After applying the ointment, the closed eyes are massaged with smooth movements. It is important to avoid rubbing the eyes with the animal’s paws.
- Ensuring a healthy home regime for dogs — the dog is recommended to provide a proper diet, plenty of water. It is important to protect your four-legged friend from possible allergens (new food, pollen, dust, household chemicals). In addition, it is necessary to carefully monitor the behavior of the animal and record all external and internal changes in the pet to determine the exact picture of the disease.
After providing first aid to the animal, it must be taken to a veterinary clinic, where a professional veterinarian will tell you what to do and how to treat it.
How to treat purulent discharge in dogs
Treatment of a pet at home will not allow you to completely get rid of the insidious disease. In the worst case, it will only make the situation worse and harm the pet’s health. After all, in most cases, increased lacrimation and suppurating eye becomes a consequence of the development of chronic and infectious diseases in the body.
To make an accurate diagnosis, identify the cause and cure the insidious disease, a thorough examination of the animal is carried out in the veterinary clinic and the dog breeder is interviewed about the current condition of the pet.
In modern clinics with their own laboratory, it is recommended to do a laboratory study that allows you to determine the causative agent of this purulent inflammation.
Only after this, a course of treatment is prescribed: the veterinarian tells you how to treat the pet further. To improve the health of a four-legged friend, various treatment methods are used.
If during laboratory tests a virus (bacteria) is detected in the dog’s body, then antiviral (antimicrobial) drugs are prescribed intramuscularly or intravenously. Medications, dosage, and course of treatment are determined based on the specific situation, animal weight, and other individual parameters.
If the dog’s eye is suppurating due to injury or a foreign body entering the eyeball, wound-healing drugs are prescribed in drops. The veterinarian will tell you how to wash your eyes and how to perform the procedure correctly. If necessary, the foreign body is removed from the eyeball in stationary conditions. In complex clinical situations, the removal of a foreign body is performed under anesthesia.
If the dog’s eyes are suppurating due to an Allergy to something, then antihistamines are prescribed. The discharge of pus from the eye caused by a chronic disease or an infection requires mandatory administration of antibiotics and drugs to increase immunity.
If the dog’s eyes are suppurating, treatment is prescribed, both General and local. In parallel with antibiotic therapy, antimicrobial and vitamin therapy, washing, compresses and herbal medicine are performed.
The use of natural herbs (chamomile, calendula, St. John’s wort or their collections) can weaken the pathological reactions. Antiseptic eye drops to boost metabolism and to normalize the disturbed functions of the. The use of antiseptic agents (creams, ointments) around the eyes will protect the mucous membrane of the diseased eye from severe drying, which occurs in most cases after the use of medicines.
Remember that the health of your beloved four-legged friend is only in your hands.
Timely veterinary care will help your pet quickly overcome the insidious disease and maintain excellent eyesight for many years to come!
Hi, my name is Mike Fletcher. I am 36 years old and a veterinarian at a veterinary clinic in Granby Colorado. And this is my blog about Pets. I hope I can answer your questions here.