Pets have long been a part of our lives. They live with us in big cities and are involved in many areas of public life. Unfortunately, no owner is immune from the fact that his dog can run out on the roadway. Quadrupeds do not have a sense of fear of a moving car. In addition, they are not able to determine the speed of the car, as a result of which an accident may occur. How not to get lost and help your pet in a difficult situation – read below.
What should I do if a dog is hit by a car?
Before describing the actions in the event of an accident, every owner should know the rules for safe dog walking on the street:
- It is necessary to take the dog outside on a leash, the length of which allows you to control the actions and behavior of the pet;
- Walk the dog without a leash and muzzle only in designated areas;
- Do not let your pet off the leash near highways and playgrounds;
Despite the above-mentioned rules of walking, dog owners sometimes violate them, releasing the pet to free range. But the risk of getting hit by a car is high not only on major highways, but also in courtyards with minimal traffic. Therefore, all dog owners should be careful, watch the animals and do not let them off the leash in specially fenced areas.
But what if the dog broke and ran away, got hit by a car? Or have you witnessed a car accident involving a stray or someone else’s dog?
First, don’t be nervous. The life of a four-legged pet depends on the first minutes of properly provided medical care. Don’t waste time figuring out who is right and who is wrong. If there is an emergency veterinary service in the city, you should immediately call a veterinarian.
Secondly, the dog after a traffic accident is in a state of shock and may show aggression to others, including you. The task of the owner is to find contact with the animal. As a rule, in an accident, the pet receives multiple closed and open injuries. If the blow hit the front half of the body, it could lead to traumatic brain injury, bruises and broken ribs. From blows to the back, injuries, bruises and ruptures of internal organs, fractures of the limbs, spine and pelvis are possible.
After the accident, make sure to examine the dog’s head, eyes, ears, and jaw, then proceed to the examination of the torso, chest, back, abdomen, and tail. Last of all, examine the animal’s limbs. Remember that without proper first aid, the dog may die.
Help with traumatic brain injuries and bleeding
Signs of TBI in a dog:
- violation of normal coordination of movements;
- frequent shaking of the head;
- nausea, vomiting;
- vision and hearing disorders;
- pupil dilation;
- arrhythmia, shortness of breath.
If during the examination there are some of the above symptoms, it is necessary to urgently apply cold to the site of damage, and deliver the dog to a veterinary clinic. During transportation, it is necessary to monitor the condition of the pet, if necessary, tie the mouth with a bandage or put on a muzzle. It is necessary to transport the dog on a hard, flat surface, wrapped in a warm blanket.
In cases of bleeding, it is necessary to assess the condition of the wound. A shallow wound with capillary bleeding should be washed with chlorhexidine or hydrogen peroxide. If the wounds are deep, then stop the blood by applying a pressure bandage. With severe blood loss, a tourniquet is applied. After that, you need to take the dog to the veterinary clinic for examination.
Fractures, bruises and internal injuries – first aid
Road accidents are fraught with various serious injuries for the pet.
After the accident, carefully examine the dog, the following symptoms indicate, most likely, a fracture:
- unnaturally twisted limbs;
- the dog cannot get up, and when trying to get up, the dog experiences pronounced pain;
- increasing severe shortness of breath, shortness of breath, and chest asymmetry;
- the pet stands only on its front legs, dragging its hind legs;
- rapid heartbeat, loss of consciousness, vomiting.
First aid for limb fractures – fixing the limb and applying a splint. But before applying the splint, put a muzzle on the dog. Even the most calm animals in extreme situations behave unpredictably. Transportation should be carried out in the back seat of the car, keeping the dog from moving. Small breeds can be carried in a carrier or on your hands.
If there is an open type of fracture, you must first stop the bleeding by applying a tight bandage above the fracture site. Cover the open wound with a sterile bandage or gauze cloth. After all the initial manipulations, you should take the dog to the veterinarian.
If the dog has no visible serious injuries, but only bruises and abrasions are present, it is enough for the pet owner to apply a cold compress to the bruised area and deliver it to the veterinary clinic for a more detailed examination. Some owners are in no hurry to take the dog to the doctor, writing off her condition as shock. But after the shock passes, serious injuries and internal bleeding are found. Therefore, even if the dog behaves actively and excitedly after the accident, you should still contact a specialist. Reinsurance in this case will not be superfluous.
If the internal organs are damaged, the dog may have the following symptoms:
- enlargement of the peritoneum and pain in it;
- the lack of urination;
- foamy bloody discharge from the mouth;
- the mucous membranes have a pale hue.
With these symptoms, you should cover the dog with a warm blanket, and put a cold compress on the peritoneum. Immediately deliver the dog to the clinic. Do not give the dog to drink, as this may aggravate the situation or even lead to death.
How do I transport an injured dog?
After a traffic accident, the task of each owner or witness is to wait for the arrival of an ambulance or deliver the injured animal to a veterinary clinic, and the faster the better. But to transport a dog, you should know about the basic rules of transportation:
- In case of fractures of the back, pelvis or chest, do not lift the animal, put the shield under the body and fix it. Only two people can carry the dog to the car;
- If the dog is unconscious, place it so that the body is higher than the head and in case of vomiting, the animal will not choke;
- In case of chest fractures, you should allow the dog to choose the optimal position for it in the car. Fix the sternum with a wide scarf or bandages.
When going outside with a dog, the owner should be careful and think about the safety of the pet. Remember that an ordinary leash can prevent serious problems and save the life of a pet.