Violations of the conditions of keeping cats can cause diseases of the nervous system, malfunctions of organs. You need to know what symptoms appear in these diseases, how you can help your pet, prevent deterioration and serious complications.
Common neuralgic diseases
There are many pathologies of the Central nervous system and peripheral departments. Often disorders are associated with factors that have disrupted the usual rhythm of life of the animal. Failures can occur when changing the place of residence or owners, when switching to other food, too noisy events with a large number of guests, etc. There are also diseases that are the result of injuries, infections, and various diseases. Cats can be diagnosed with:
- increased aggressiveness;
- neurotic States;
- violation of cerebral circulation;
- loss of mobility.
Aggression that is not associated with natural physiological periods is treated with hormone therapy. Sterilization or castration may be prescribed. If the attack appeared suddenly, the animal urgently needs to be shown to a doctor, it may be rabies.
The main cause of neurotic States is stress. They can be expressed in the form of tantrums, aggression, and depression, lethargy, anorexia. The main treatment is to eliminate the provoking factor. Cats, like humans, can have strokes and heart attacks. Disorders of cerebral circulation may be the result of ischemia, clogging of blood vessels with blood clots.
After injuries, discopathy may develop, in which the position of the vertebrae is disturbed, leading to paralysis, paresis, involuntary discharge of urine, feces.
Meningoencephalitis can develop with viral infections. The disease is quickly cured under condition of timely diagnostics. It is more difficult to cope with a bacterial type of disorder. It often leaves consequences that cannot be corrected. Concussion is a consequence of injuries, expressed in loss of consciousness, impaired coordination of movement. Loss of mobility can be observed after strokes, disorders of cerebral circulation.
Specific diseases of the nervous system
Cats can be diagnosed with specific diseases of the nervous system that are rare, are the result of serious diseases or congenital features. Not all of them can be completely cured. In complex cases, lifelong monitoring and the use of supportive tools are required.
Rare disorders of the nervous system syndrome is the Key-Gaskell’s (dysautonomia). Until now, the provoking factors and the mechanism of the spread of the disease are unknown. This pathology manifests itself in the peripheral part of the system, affects the main vital organs of respiration, digestion, and the genitourinary sphere. Treatment provides a weak effect, as gradually the affected parts stop functioning. In Kay-Gassel syndrome, there are:
- alternation of diarrhea and constipation;
- urinary incontinence, feces;
- over-drying of the mucous membranes;
- termination of third century functions;
- dilation of the pupils.
Severe infectious diseases, as well as blood poisoning, can cause hepatic encephalopathy, which violates the functions of the organ. The complication is formed when the content of the neurotoxic element hydrogen nitrite increases. It affects the brain, locally softens its tissues. As a result, there are neuropsychic abnormalities in behavior that gradually progress. If left untreated, hepatic coma occurs.
As the background of the main neuralgic disease or as an independent pathology, epilepsy may form. The disease is expressed in the form of seizures, convulsions. Completely epilepsy is not cured, you can only use medications that prevent the appearance of frequent attacks.
A pregnant cat who feeds babies may develop eclampsia. The disease causes a lack of calcium, which during pregnancy and lactation is spent in increased amounts on the formation of fruits, milk production. With eclampsia, the cat develops edema, tonic-clonic convulsions are observed, the heart rate accelerates, blood pressure increases, coordination is disrupted, diarrhea and vomiting are observed.
External factors that provoke the appearance of nervous disorders
Any changes that cause bright, negative emotions in the cat can cause failures in the nervous system, the formation of various diseases. The majority of abnormal functioning of the Central nervous system in your pet appear when:
- moving to another place of residence;
- travel by public transport, car;
- visiting veterinary clinics;
- participation in exhibition events;
- change of owner;
- interior changes, etc.
Of course, it is not always possible to completely avoid such situations. It should be noted that these factors do not cause neurological diseases for all animals. Owners need to be attentive to their Pets, study their characteristics well, and their emotional reactions to various stimuli. This will reduce the risk of disorders and keep the cat healthy.
Often, disorders of the nervous system are the result of infectious or viral diseases. Therefore, special attention should be paid to prevention, timely vaccination, and minimize the risk of contact with sick animals.
It is necessary to contact professionals for diagnosis and treatment if any serious ailments occur. You can not independently determine the type of disease, choose procedures, medications. Many medications have side effects and contraindications. A qualified doctor will select the necessary funds, determine the optimal dosage, taking into account the condition, age of the pet, the stage of development of the disease. Follow the recommendations of a specialist should be strictly. An untreated disease can turn into a chronic form, cause complications in the form of neuralgic pathologies, which are extremely difficult to get rid of.
Cats have a delicate, sensitive psyche. Failures in this system can occur for various reasons. They are expressed in changing the behavior of the animal. Pet:
- becomes aggressive;
- ignores the tray, defecates in the wrong places;
- leaves marks on upholstered furniture, things.
If these changes are not related to sexual attraction, it is necessary to determine the reason why the cat has such changes. This may be a reaction to insults or punishments. Some Pets do not tolerate the appearance of new family members or other Pets.
There are cats that can’t stay alone for a long time, and they try to show by inappropriate behavior that they don’t like being left alone all the time. If possible, you should make a friend for the animal. This can be a puppy, another cat with which they will communicate, not to feel a sense of loneliness.