A Dachshund is a dog that at first glance is cute and funny, but once you get to know it better, you realize that it is a pet with a difficult character. But still this breed remains popular for more than a dozen years. What is the reason for such a love for a dog-“sausage”?
Features of the breed
The most amazing thing is that there are as many as 9 varieties of dogs inside the breed itself. But despite the fact that there are nine “breeds”, the standard is one. The difference is in the growth of the animal, the length and color of the coat. Therefore, you can choose a pet for every taste.
Let’s first find out how dachshunds are classified by height.
- The smallest, so to speak, mini-dachshunds, reach only 10-15 cm at the withers (imagine what a crumb it is). And this button weighs 3-5 kilos.
- The “average” include a dwarf Dachshund. It is already 15-21 cm high, and a little heavier. Its weight varies from 5 to 7 kilos.
- And the “largest” of all is the standard one. It grows up to 27 cm (but there are also individuals in 20 cm, and slightly higher). The body weight of these beauties ranges from 10-15 kg.
Now we learn about the coat. The Tusk dog breed can have one of three “lengths” of hair. So that dwarf, that mini-Dachshund, that standard can be either long-haired, or smooth-haired, or wire-haired. And if you count it, it turns out that there are nine “dachshunds”.
And if you also count the colors, then this breed has a huge variety of exteriors. Red, red-yellow or even, marble (black or coffee), tan (again black or coffee), “boar”. But the rarest one is the tiger one.
Now a little about the character. The dog is incomparably smart, quick-witted, easy to train (with the right approach). But to impose something, to force this stubborn girl to do something against her will will not work, which is why it is very important to train correctly. The Dachshund is very energetic, full of energy, runs a lot, and if you do not properly organize her rest, then your house will be upside down.
A bit of a bully, and even fearless, so watch your pet. Despite its small size, it can easily get into a fight with a large dog. Therefore, be vigilant, do not let go of your hunter until you are completely sure of his safety.
Dachshunds are very bad when they are punished, raise their voice. If the situation in the house is tense, the dog can be seriously sad. He needs a family, and if there are children in it, then the kids will be busy playing with each other.
If the pet has messed up, but you don’t know how to punish it, then just start ignoring the dog. Dachshunds can’t stand being alone, they need human company. And believe me, it is much more terrible for a dog to ignore the owner than to scream.
They get along quite well with other Pets, but be careful when getting rodents or small animals that are smaller than dachshunds. After all, the dog belongs to hunting breeds, the genes will take their toll, and you will not have a rodent, you just have to gape. It is better to introduce the Dachshund to other animals while the pet is still a puppy. So it will be easier to get along than if you to an already adult dog and sat down next puppy or kitten.
It is worth mentioning that dachshunds are manipulators. They quickly find out where the owner’s weak point is, and they are happy to use it to achieve what they want. So be consistent in your upbringing, take care of yourself and your Pets (suddenly they have already started manipulating you). Stop all attempts to “sit on your neck”, otherwise then it will be very difficult to cope with this sly short-legged.
Perhaps another “drawback” of this breed is postlista. The tendency to YAP can be detected even in puppy age. If you do not react in time, it will be very difficult to live with such a dog (especially since the life expectancy of a Dachshund reaches an average of 13 years).
Features of maintenance and care
- Care is not difficult. It is enough to feed correctly, observing all the ratios of useful elements. But do not forget about wool.
- Smooth-haired can be stroked with a mitten (or a Terry towel) once a week (but during molting you will have to do this procedure daily). Wire – haired dachshunds also need to be subjected to a haircut-trimming once every six months. But the long-haired ones will have to be combed daily with a comb.
- Difficulties arise in bad weather, well, dachshunds do not like to leave a warm house in the rain or snow. Therefore, there may be problems with getting used to the street (sometimes dachshunds shit at home in bad weather). Sometimes you have to ask for help from professionals, so do not lose touch with the breeder who purchased the puppy. He will tell you what methods can be used to re-educate the dog.
- If you plan to knit your pet, then males should be introduced to females no earlier than one year of age. But with females it is a little more difficult. You should wait at least 3 estrus (at least). If you bring the dogs before this time, the girl may not be able to transfer the pregnancy or give birth to unhealthy puppies.
- Now about bathing. Until the puppy is 4 months old, you can not wash it (only the paws can be wiped with a damp cloth after a walk). After this age, you can also rinse in the shower, using a special shampoo for washing. The legs are short, during a walk, especially in bad weather, the Dachshund quickly gets dirty.
Predisposition to diseases
Because of their elongation, dachshunds often have back diseases. They should never be allowed to stand on their hind legs. Too much stress on the vertebrae and intervertebral discs. Otherwise, the dog may develop pinching or injury to the disk.
You don’t mess with spines. If the intervertebral discs are damaged, the dog can be paralyzed. Therefore, you should not train a dog to sit on its hind legs like a Bunny. Do not allow him to jump from the sofa, stairs or any hills.
Often suffer from dachshunds heart and genitourinary systems. There is also a predisposition to epilepsy, diabetes and cataracts.
But even if the Dachshund does not have a genetic predisposition to the above diseases, the owner of the animal must carefully monitor the diet. Dachshunds love to eat, they do not always feel full, so they can overeat. And this leads not only to obesity, but also to changes in metabolism. And this is sure to be followed by a variety of sores.
In addition, excess weight is again an additional load on the joints, spine. And this breed already has problems with them. Therefore, the owner must be tough and not overfeed his dog, do not succumb to his begging for sweets.
When should I visit a veterinarian?
The first time to visit a veterinarian is necessary at the age of 2 months. The puppy needs to be vaccinated (pre-drive helminths). There the veterinarian will tell you when to apply next time.
Also, the veterinarian must examine the taxon to exclude the pathology of the intervertebral discs (alas, breeders still can not “track” how exactly this disease is inherited). And owners should be careful. And as soon as you notice any suspicious symptoms, changes in behavior or gait, immediately seek help in the veterinary clinic.