One of the mandatory procedures for dog care is regular cleaning of the ears. This is necessary for representatives of all breeds. But special attention should be paid to cleaning hanging ears. The lack of high-quality ventilation, constant preservation of high temperature and humidity is a favorable environment for the reproduction of pathogenic microorganisms. There is a high risk of infection foci. There are certain rules for cleaning the ears of dogs that must be observed by pet owners. This should be done to prevent serious diseases.
Preventive examinations of the ears
The risk group includes Pets with drooping ears. Most susceptible to infectious diseases:
- Basset hounds
There are breeds of dogs with erect ears that also require special attention. These, for example, include Schnauzers, prone to the appearance of inflammatory diseases of the hearing organs.
The main preventive measure is regular inspections of sinks. It is advisable to train your Pets to this procedure from an early age. This will allow you to safely conduct inspections without causing the dog any trouble. Hanging ears need to be examined every day. For Pets of breeds that are not at risk, two or three procedures per month are enough.
When checking, you need to pay attention to the shade of sulfur and its amount. The appearance of a focus of infection is accompanied by an unpleasant smell. If it is detected, it should be treated with special drugs. It is necessary to clean the ears. But excessive effort in this procedure can also cause violations. If sulfur is removed too often, the process of its production is activated. There will be sulfur plugs that cover the ear canal. If the examination does not reveal excess of this protective substance, you do not need to clean your ears.
While walking to the sink may become contaminated. To remove dust and dirt, special tools are used that are sold in veterinary clinics and pet stores. You need to wrap cotton wool on your finger, moisten it in the solution, and gently wipe the ears. Tampons should be changed until the sinks are completely cleaned. You can use cotton swabs with large heads designed for infants in the procedure.
Specific features of dog ears
A common cause of ear diseases in animals is fluid ingestion. Such situations should be avoided. When cleaning the skin of the ear shells, you can not use water. Before bathing your pet, you need to close the ears with cotton swabs. If this is not possible, you should bend your ears to your head with your palms so that water does not get into them. Water the dog only from above. If water accidentally gets into your ears, it can cause irritation, inflammation, and hearing loss.
In some long-haired breeds, the entrance to the ear canal is overgrown with hairs. This disrupts the air circulation and ventilation necessary to maintain normal microflora. In addition, dead hairs get into the auditory passages, clog them. Pluck the hairs regularly. In most cases, the procedure does not cause severe pain. But if the pet has hypersensitivity, special drugs with anesthetic properties are used. This will facilitate the procedure, eliminate anxiety in the animal.
Stages of ear cleansing
Ear cleaning is performed in the supine position. The animal needs to be laid down, talk to it in a calm tone, and gently stroke it. The edge of the ear rises slightly, the shell is examined. If there are no pathologies, you need to wipe it, remove dust, dirt.
To simplify the process of removing accumulated sulfur, you can easily massage the ear from the outside. The bandage, rolled into a tube, is moistened with lotion, the cork is removed. After the procedure, the dog has a desire to shake his head. No need to interfere with this. Active movements help to get rid of the lotion that has got into the ear canal.
If the owners have trained the puppy to the procedure from an early age, then there are no problems. But you can avoid problems in the absence of such a habit, if:
- before the inspection, just lift the ears, gently stroke the dog so that it understands that manipulation is not dangerous;
- encourage your pet with a treat for calm behavior;
- do not shout at the animal during the procedure, do not use force.
Practice shows that it is easier to teach large breeds of dogs to preventive examinations than decorative, capricious Pets.
Rules for ear cleaning
You can not overdo it in the care of your pet’s ears, remove sulfur unnecessarily. It performs protective functions, has antibacterial properties, and eliminates the development of infection. Simple testing helps you determine whether cleaning is required. Use sticks or tampons soaked in special preparations to wipe the area near the auditory orifices. If they are left with a small amount of yellowish plaque, the sink is pink, there is no dirt on it – cleaning is not required. There are several reasons for performing cleaning manipulations:
- presence of dark sulfur accumulations;
- contamination on the skin of shells;
- sulfur plug;
- hairs clogging the passageways.
If sulfur plugs are formed, the pet feels uncomfortable. Usually in these cases, he shakes his head after waking up. You need to drop a little lotion in your ears, make a light massage of the shells from the outside. This encourages traffic jams to exit.
Especially carefully you need to monitor the ears of dogs in the warm season. During walks, from plants to sinks, passageways can get insects, ticks. They must be removed immediately using tweezers.
When infectious or inflammatory diseases of the ears appear, the pet shakes its head and does not let you touch the ears. In such cases, it is necessary to take the dog to the veterinarian, determine the type of disease, and get recommendations for its treatment.
In the modern assortment there are many different products that can be used for cleaning dog ears. In veterinary clinics, pet stores, you can buy:
- wipes and cotton swabs containing cleaning products;
- cleansing lotions;
- cleaning powder, etc.
For Pets whose ears have a long length, experts recommend buying powder. This product provides a high-quality cleansing, prevents the accumulation of dirt, skin overheating. It will help in case of contact with fluid in the ears.
If there is an unpleasant smell indicating the appearance of an infectious focus, you can wash the sinks, ear passages, using peroxide. The washing procedure is performed with a syringe or a syringe without a needle. It can also be used for processing chlorhexidine. Brewed green teas are also used in care. The product is not poured into the ears, but is used for wetting tampons that wipe the skin. Do not use detergents, oil preparations, vinegar or alcohol solutions in the treatment.
In the treatment of the dog’s ears, decoctions of plants can be used. In the treatment and prevention are used flowers of calendula and pharmacy chamomile, marshmallow roots, lavender, yarrow. You can prepare a solution made from sea salt for the procedure.