Claw Diseases in Dogs: Types and Treatment

man is handling a dog paw

Claws are an important tool for dogs. They help dig the ground. Hold objects in your paws, catch them. The role of nails is huge in the movement of dogs. Sometimes the animal uses them as weapons.

When a dog limps, squeezes his paw, licks his fingers, then you need to examine. These symptoms point to the disease. If the owner does not find any visible changes, you need to show the pet to the veterinarian.

In a healthy dog, the claws are dense, rounded down, and smooth. A deviation from this should arouse suspicion.


Panaritium — inflammation of the claw bed or Corolla of the finger. Occurs due to injuries, then becomes infected with bacteria or fungi.

The dog limps on a sore paw. The General condition is depressed. Often the body temperature rises. The finger is swollen, the skin is reddened. In the place where the claw begins to grow, a bump appears, at first red or bluish. Further, yellowish pus is formed.

The owner sometimes notices an unpleasant smell from the paw.

Treatment is different, depending on the stage. At the stage of redness and swelling, salt baths are shown, with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.

When pus forms, the abscess opens. This makes the vet a disinfected scalpel. Next, the wound is washed with an antiseptic, and a drainage is put for the discharge of pus. The ointment is laid and bandaged with a bandage.

In severe cases, antibiotics are prescribed. At very advanced panaracer surgical operation to remove the claw or finger.

Prevention — avoid injuries. Inspect the paws periodically.


Growing too long a claw into the pads of the paws leads to inflammation. This happens if the dog doesn’t walk much. On walks, the animal grinds its nails. In older dogs, they often grow back and curl. It is important to monitor your pet’s nails and cut them in a timely manner. Learn how to do it yourself or take the animal to a veterinary clinic. Grooming for dogs is as important as a manicure for a person.

The dog is limping and in pain. During the inspection it is evident suppuration, growing into the pads of the paws. Take the animal to the vet. They will cut it carefully so as not to damage the living tissue. Treated with antiseptic, ointment. Prevention is reduced to timely cutting of claws. Independently or in a veterinary clinic.


On walks, dogs sometimes injure their claws. A piece or all of it is broken off at the root. The animal is in pain and bleeding is visible.

When the nail is completely broken off, you need to stop the bleeding with hydrogen peroxide. Then apply an antibiotic ointment. Wrap it up.

If there is a crack or incomplete scrapping, you need to carefully cut off the sharp edges and the rest of the claw. It causes pain to the dog, and can cause bleeding again when moving. Next, treat with an antiseptic.

Prevention is the timely trimming of the claws. Inspect the paws after a walk.

Fungal infection

Fungal infection often occurs in dogs with brittle claws, in allergic animals. It is caused by fungi and dermatophytes.

When the disease of the nails change color, shape. Baldness, crusts, and erythema occur on the fingers. Sometimes brown or white exudate is released. Wet eczema around the claws.

Treatment consists in removing broken, detached parts. The hair around is removed (trimming). Nails are often cut to prevent infection.

The veterinarian prescribes antifungal agents.

Additionally, solutions with antifungal drugs are used. Treatment is carried out until the normal claw is restored and for another month. This helps to get rid of the fungus completely, prevent re-infection.

Prevention is reduced to the care of the dog’s nails, constant inspection of the paws.


An unpleasant situation when the claws are layered is rare in dogs. When examined, stratified nails are visible. The pet constantly licks them, bites them. Feels pain, doesn’t let you touch it.

This happens with injuries, fungal infection, and metabolic disorders.

First of all, it is a lack of calcium and phosphorus, which are responsible for strong nails and teeth. Another cause of the lamination:

  • autoimmune diseases;
  • tumors of different etiologies;
  • infectious lesions;
  • congenital anomalies and defects.

Treatment is prescribed by a veterinarian, having found out the root cause. Depending on it, treatment is performed.

Prevention is reduced to a full diet and exercise. Inspect the paws after a walk. Walking in wet weather contributes to the development of fungal infection.

Dogs are active animals. They love to run and jump. You need to walk them in safe places where there are no broken glass or nails. After each walk, carefully inspect the animal’s paws. If you find injuries or tumors, take them to the veterinarian.

Trim the claws as they grow back. Special scissors are used for this purpose. You need to get used to the procedure from the age of a puppy. Ingrown ones cause suffering to the dog.