Chlamydia is a common serious disease of infectious origin. Pathology is caused by microorganisms Chlamydophila psittaci and Chlamydophila abortus.
Causes of the disease
Chlamydia is extremely resistant to external factors, including some disinfectants. They die under the influence of high temperatures (from 40 degrees). A characteristic feature of dangerous intracellular microorganisms is resistance to antibiotics.
Chlamydia enter the external environment with feces, secretions from the birth canal, and aborted fetuses. Sources of chlamydia are stray animals, rodents, and birds.
Ways to infect dogs with chlamydia:
- alimentary (eating raw meat and offal, food infected with microorganisms);
- genital (sexual) as a result of promiscuous mating;
- airborne (sniffing infected individuals, etc.);
- transmissible — through the bites of ticks and other blood-sucking insects;
- intrauterine — from mother to fetus.
Any dog can get sick, regardless of age, gender, or breed. But in animals with weakened immune systems, kept in poor conditions, in nurseries, the chances of infection are very high. At risk are dogs that live in rural areas, they get sick more often than their urban counterparts.
The most dangerous disease occurs in puppies whose immune system is not yet fully formed, in elderly and emaciated dogs.
The clinical picture
There are two forms of chlamydia — latent and subclinical. The first occurs in animals with strong immunity. The dog is a carrier, but the symptoms of the disease are invisible. The intensity of signs depends on the General condition of the body, the localization of chlamydia. Often, improper conditions of detention and prolonged stress lead to the activation of microorganisms.
The main feature of chlamydia is clinical polymorphism. It can occur in the form of rhinitis, orchitis, conjunctivitis, arthritis, purulent otitis and even chlamydial myocarditis.
You can suspect chlamydia by the following signs:
- copious discharge from the genitals, usually light in color;
- discharge from eyes, nose, ears (purulent);
- conjunctivitis sluggish;
- catarrh of the upper respiratory tract, shortness of breath;
- abnormal heart rhythm;
- diseases of the genitourinary system (cystitis, urethritis);
- increased body temperature;
- lack of appetite.
The animal becomes lethargic, apathetic. His physical activity is noticeably reduced, the reaction to external stimuli disappears. A pregnant bitch may have a miscarriage in the second half of pregnancy, and she is deprived of the opportunity to have offspring in the future.
Diagnosis of chlamydia
To make a diagnosis, the veterinarian conducts a comprehensive study. This takes into account symptoms, anamnesis data, and the epizootic situation in the region. Mandatory methods of differential diagnosis — laboratory tests, serological, cultural studies, etc.
Treatment of chlamydia in dogs
A unified scheme for treating chlamydia does not exist, in each case based on diagnostic data veterinarian develops individual therapy.
Treatment is carried out in a complex and includes local symptomatic and etiotropic therapy, immune correction in order to clear the body of pathogens, eliminate clinical signs, stabilize the affected organs and strengthen the immune system.
In chlamydia, broad-spectrum antibacterial drugs are used, and the principle of treatment is based on them. The most effective are Metacycline, Azithromycin, Doxycycline And other tetracycline agents. Some veterinarians prefer treatment with antibiotics of the macrolide and fluoroquinolone groups, as safer and more digestible organisms.
The owner is required to strictly follow the instructions of the veterinarian, in particular, the dosage of the drug. The course of treatment is from 25 to 31 days.
To restore the intestinal microflora, the dog is prescribed hepatoprotectors, enzyme and antihistamines, otherwise the animal will suffer from dysbiosis and digestive disorders.
Prevention of chlamydia in dogs
Chlamydia, like many other diseases, can be prevented. The earlier the pathology is detected, the faster the treatment will take place and the higher the chances of recovery.
Prevention measures against chlamydia include the following actions:
- boosting the immune system with vitamin and mineral complexes;
- the development of a correct balanced diet;
- ensuring high-quality living conditions, hygiene;
- prevention of contact with stray dogs on a walk, uncontrolled mating;
- vaccination (chlamydia vaccine exists), antiparasitic treatment;
- disinfection of booths, bedding, bowls, and other items belonging to the dog.
Dog owners should monitor the health of four-legged Pets and immediately contact a veterinarian if suspicious signs appear.