Cat Urinary Incontinence: Causes and Symptoms

Owners often mistake the involuntary discharge of urine from a cat for mischief on the part of a four-legged pet. Urinary incontinence can often be a harbinger of a serious pathology that has developed in the cat’s body. Do not rush to scold fluffy, it is better to show it to the veterinarian.

Causes of the disease

Uncontrolled urination in a cat is not an independent disease, but a symptom of a neurogenic pathology, abnormalities in the structure of the urinary system, functional disorders or psychoemotional stress.

The main reasons why the cat began to urinate not in the tray, but in the wrong places, include the following:

  1. Infections in any part of the urinary system.
  2. Congenital abnormalities of the genitourinary system.
  3. ICD (urolithiasis). Constant irritation of the sphincter leads to the fact that urine is not retained in the ureters and bladder.
  4. Metabolic disorders associated with diabetes, obesity. Urine, as a rule, stands out for the drip.
  5. Damage to the brain or spinal cord due to injuries, hypertension, and inflammatory processes.
  6. Old age of the pet. In old age, all the body’s systems can no longer cope with their functions, the muscles weaken, which leads to leaking urine.
  7. Frequent childbirth. In a cat that gives birth more than once a year, the urinary system does not have time to recover, which is why the normal functioning of the bladder is disrupted. This leads to persistent incontinence.
  8. Spasm of the bladder muscles. Urin is released on a one-time basis.
  9. Paralysis of the lower parts of the body, limbs. The cat urinates constantly.
  10. Injuries and damage to the bladder. Urination of varying degrees.
  11. Oncology and benign tumors in the bladder and urethra.
  12. Surgical intervention (including castration), during which the nerve endings were affected.

Sometimes the problem of uncontrolled urine discharge can be encountered after the cat was put on a catheter. This phenomenon passes in a few days on its own without treatment.

Finally, the cause of uncontrolled urine discharge is often the stress that the cat has experienced — a change of residence, a large number of guests in the house, the appearance of another pet, etc.


It is impossible not to notice urinary incontinence in a pet. Wet spots remain in the places where the cat just stood or sat, while it always has wet hair on the inner side of the thighs, under the tail.

In addition, the animal’s behavior changes. Cats are naturally very clean animals, accustomed to the tray from an early age. With involuntary discharge of urine, confusion can happen at any time — during sleep or wakefulness, when the cat simply does not have time to run to its toilet.

Realizing that she made a puddle in the wrong place, the poor man looks scared and worried. And if the owners start to swear, Express indignation at the offense, and even more so resort to punitive measures, then this becomes a strong stress for the animal.

Based on the degree of urine discharge, there are several forms of incontinence:

  1. Digging in. Urine is released involuntarily in a small volume, drip, after physical exertion. The General condition of the cat is unsatisfactory, even if it has undergone appropriate treatment.
  2. Permanent selection. Urine flows every time after any movement and change in the position of the cat’s body. The back and belly are constantly wet. The litter where it rests is soaked through with urine. The animal smells bad and, experiencing severe discomfort, constantly licks itself.
  3. Urgent. The cat does not feel the urge to urinate. Because of this, the bladder overflows, and the urine flows out randomly. This bothers the pet, who does not understand what is happening to him. He needs to be calmed down, but in no case scolded.
  4. Stressful. Urine flows out in different volumes-from a few drops to copious discharge.

Regardless of how often and to what extent the cat’s urine is released, you should immediately take the pet to a veterinary clinic, where it will be examined by a veterinarian.

Diagnostics in the veterinary clinic

To make a diagnosis, the veterinarian, in addition to visual examination of the animal, anamnesis, conducts a number of diagnostic studies. These include urine analysis, blood biochemistry, pelvic x-rays, and urological ultrasound. Sometimes additional diagnostic methods are used.

Urine for analysis must be collected correctly, otherwise feces that have entered the urine may affect the results of the study.

It is advisable that the material for analysis was taken directly by a specialist.

Treatment method and prognosis

If involuntary discharge of urine is carried out complex treatment. The scheme is made individually, depending on the cause of the pathology, age, condition of the animal.

The main methods of treatment include:

  1. Antibiotic therapy. It is relevant for detecting infections and bacteria in the genitourinary system. The drug is administered intramuscularly or intravenously.
  2. Use of medicines to normalize metabolic processes in the body.
  3. Special diet (if the pet is overweight).
  4. Antispasmodics and painkillers (for ICD).
  5. Drugs that strengthen the tone of the walls of the bladder and stimulate the activity of the sphincter.

The prognosis depends on the disease. So, if incontinence is associated with an infection in the body, then after appropriate treatment it passes.

Unfortunately, in some cases, it is no longer possible to get rid of this unpleasant disease. If the cat is old, then its weakened body can not respond adequately to therapeutic measures. In addition, the tissues do not recover and do not rejuvenate, so the urine will leak constantly, and its volume will increase.

The only thing that remains for the owner to do is to accept and provide the pet with the most comfortable living conditions. You can place trays in different places of the apartment or put a diaper on the cat.

What to do at home

Self-medication is dangerous for your health! Using medications, especially human ones, without consulting a specialist can make the situation worse!

You need to understand that involuntary urination is not mischief or stubbornness, it is a disease from which the pet suffers. Follow all the instructions of the veterinarian, provide your pet with good care and proper feeding.

And, of course, surround your four-legged pet with love and care so that it feels safe.

Prevention measures

There are many reasons that cause uncontrolled leaking of urine, so it will not be possible to insure your pet against this phenomenon. However, by performing the simplest preventive measures, you can prevent some diseases associated with involuntary urination:

  1. The cat’s diet should be balanced and include meat, fish, and fermented dairy products. Food from the “own table” is prohibited.
  2. Do not mix natural food and dry food.
  3. Use bottled water instead of raw water.
  4. Economy class food should be excluded from the diet.
  5. Get vaccinated and dewormed in a timely manner.
  6. Do not neglect routine checkups at the vet.
  7. Try to protect it from contact with stray animals. After a walk, examine the animal for injuries, skin damage.
  8. Protect your pet from injury by creating a safe space for it.

If you find signs of leaking urine, immediately contact a specialist. Treatment of the disease at the initial stage will avoid complications.