Cat’s Eyes Diseases: Causes, Types and Symptoms

One of the five senses vital to a predator is vision. But the eye is a very complex and fragile organ. The eyes of cats suffer both directly from eye diseases, and indirectly, from the manifestation of systemic diseases (viral, diseases of systems and organs-diabetes, tumors, and so on).

Like many predators, cats have very sharp claws. Even a clipped claw recovers very quickly. In cat fights for a place on the hierarchy, the eyes and ears are the first to suffer.

Unfortunately, there are still owners who believe in “droplets” and self-medicate using human medications. Such actions are allowed only if these drugs were previously prescribed to your pet by a veterinary ophthalmologist. Without harm and without a doctor’s appointment for the animal, only saline solution can be dripped into the eyes (for example, to wash the eye if something got there), but this procedure can also cause dissatisfaction in the furry patient.

eye diseases in cats
Since the eye, as mentioned above, is a very delicate organ, to eliminate vision problems, find the opportunity to either consult a doctor, or, even better, take the animal to an appointment, – recommends the veterinary ophthalmologist of the clinic.

Cat’s eyes diseases – List

By the way, when treating the eyes of cats, your pet will have to wear an “Elizabethan collar” for the duration of therapy, which can only be removed so that the cat eats. Don’t ignore this rule to save your predator’s eyesight!

Blepharitis

This is an inflammation of the edges of the eyelid. It can be caused either by mechanical irritation (a foreign body that has got into the eye, trauma), bacterial or fungal infection,or beriberi. Possible blepharitis caused by improper functioning of internal organs (for example, the liver or pancreas). With this disease, the eyelids turn red, the eyes water, become narrow, the cat’s appearance is literally deplorable. The cat can furiously comb its eyes, which only makes the situation worse. Pus accumulates in the corners of the eyes, the combed places heal with scabs that bother the animal and make it itch with a vengeance.

To treat blepharitis, take the cat to a veterinarian: an ophthalmologist. Do not try to treat the animal yourself, especially if the disease progresses (for example, smearing the ointment with the fungal nature of the infection will only worsen the course of the disease). Strictly follow the doctor’s recommendations.

Loss of the eyeball

It is most often found in exotic breeds and extreme Persians due to genetic predisposition. Another common cause is head injuries. Do not attempt to set the eye yourself. Try to get to a specialist as soon as possible (within an hour or two, the faster the better). The most you can do is cover the fallen eye with a sterile cloth and apply a bandage. Very often, doctors recommend removing the injured eye. As a rule, this is the only correct decision that will help save the cat’s life.

Prolapse of the third eyelid

This “blinking” membrane is located in the inner corner of the eyes (closer to the nose). In normal life, the third eyelid protects the eyes of a sleeping cat from excessive light, protects the eyes of a waking animal from injuries, and cleanses the cornea from dust. In a healthy awake animal, it is almost invisible, but in sick, weakened animals (conjunctivitis, poisoning, reaction to medications, viral infection of the respiratory tract), it can close up to half of the eye.

Show the animal to a doctor within 24 hours. Perhaps, during this time, the third eyelid will return to its usual position, If there is reason to suspect poisoning or a disease, including a viral one, you should not delay a visit to the ophthalmologist. In severe cases, resorted to excision of the third century.

Conjunctivitis

Inflammation of the mucous membranes of the eyes. It can be the result of allergies (pollen, dust), infection with various microorganisms (chlamydia, Mycoplasma). Most often it serves as a concomitant symptom of more serious diseases. The first signs are similar to blepharitis-the eyes turn red, swell, the cat rubs them with its paws, worries, tries to hide from the bright light.

Contact your veterinarian. Write down the steps to take care of your cat until it is completely cured. Strictly adhere to the treatment regimen. It does not hurt to pass tests for Mycoplasma, chlamydia, as in this case, you can only cure the cat with antibiotics. And they are prescribed only by a doctor.

Keratitis

Inflammation of the cornea of the eye develops as a result of its damage (scratches, pricks), as a result of infections (herpesvirus) or worm infestations. The disease is very serious, if you neglect treatment, the cat can go blind in the affected eye. Symptoms of the disease: photophobia, the eye turns red, becomes painful, corneal opacity, enlarged blood vessels. Keratitis can be superficial, deep, ulcerative and chronic. In any case, treatment of this disease should be started as early as possible, and it is possible to completely cure the caudate patient. And remember-no self-medication!

Inversion of the eyelids

It is more common in Persian cats (may be a birth defect) and sphinxes .in this disease, the edges of the eyelids turn out to the eyeball and constantly injure the cornea and mucous membrane of the eye. Sometimes chronic conjunctivitis gives complications in view of the inversion of the eyelids.
Symptoms: reddened, swollen eye, cloudy cornea.
Treatment is mostly surgery.